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1 Corinthians 11:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But in giving you this charge, I praise you not, that ye come together not for the better but for the worse.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now in this that I declare [unto you] I praise [you] not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But in giving this instruction, I do not praise you, because you come together not for the better but for the worse.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now in this that I declare [to you], I praise [you] not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But [in] prescribing [to you on] this [which I now enter on], I do not praise, [namely,] that ye come together, not for the better, but for the worse.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, in giving you the following charge, I praise you not,—in that, not for the better, but for the worse, ye come together.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And this declaring, I give no praise, because not for the better, but for the worse ye come together;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now this I ordain: not praising you, that you come together, not for the better, but for the worse.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now in this that I declare [vnto you], I praise you not, that you come together not for the better, but for the worse.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But this I prescribe not as praising you, because you go not forward, but to the less you descend.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— This which I now enjoin, is not as praising you; for ye have not made progress, but have deteriorated.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now 1161
{1161} Prime
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
in this 5124
{5124} Prime
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
that I declare 3853
{3853} Prime
From G3844 and the base of G0032; to transmit a message, that is, (by implication) to enjoin.
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
[unto you] I praise 1867
{1867} Prime
From G1909 and G0134; to applaud.
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
[you] not, 3756
{3756} Prime
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
that 3754
{3754} Prime
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
ye come together 4905
{4905} Prime
From G4862 and G2064; to convene, depart in company with, associate with, or (specifically) cohabit (conjugally).
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
not 3756
{3756} Prime
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
for 1519
{1519} Prime
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
better, 2909
{2909} Prime
Comparative of a derivative of G2904; stronger, that is, (figuratively) better, that is, nobler.
but 235
{0235} Prime
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
for 1519
{1519} Prime
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
worse. 2276
{2276} Prime
Neuter of a comparative of ἧκα [[heka]] (slightly) used for that of G2556; worse (as noun); by implication less (as adverb).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 11:17

_ _ in this — which follows.

_ _ I declare — rather, “I enjoin”; as the Greek is always so used. The oldest manuscripts read literally “This I enjoin (you) not praising (you).”

_ _ thatinasmuch as; in that you, etc. Here he qualifies his praise (1 Corinthians 11:2). “I said that I praised you for keeping the ordinances delivered to you; but I must now give injunction in the name of the Lord, on a matter in which I praise you not; namely, as to the Lord’s Supper (1 Corinthians 11:23; 1 Corinthians 14:37).

_ _ not for the better — not so as to progress to what is better.

_ _ for the worse — so as to retrograde to what is worse. The result of such “coming together” must be “condemnation” (1 Corinthians 11:34).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Corinthians 11:17-22

_ _ In this passage the apostle sharply rebukes them for much greater disorders than the former, in their partaking of the Lord's supper, which was commonly done in the first ages, as the ancients tell us, with a love-feast annexed, which gave occasion to the scandalous disorders which the apostle here reprehends, concerning which observe,

_ _ I. The manner in which he introduces his charge: “Now in this that I declare to you I praise you not, 1 Corinthians 11:17. I cannot commend, but must blame and condemn you.” It is plain, from the beginning of the chapter, that he was willing and pleased to commend as far as he could. But such scandalous disorders, in so sacred an institution, as they were guilty of, called for a sharp reprehension. They quite turned the institution against itself. It was intended to make them better, to promote their spiritual interests; but it really made them worse. They came together, not for the better, but for the worse. Note, The ordinances of Christ, if they do not make us better, will be very apt to make us worse; if they do not do our souls good, they do us harm; if they do not melt and mend, they will harden. Corruptions will be confirmed in us, if the proper means do not work a cure of them.

_ _ II. He enters upon his charge against them in more particulars than one. 1. He tells them that, upon coming together, they fell into divisions, schismsschismata. Instead of concurring unanimously in celebrating the ordinance, they fell a quarrelling with one another. Note, There may be schism where there is no separation of communion. Persons may come together in the same church, and sit down at the same table of the Lord, and yet be schismatics. Uncharitableness, alienation of affection, especially if it grows up to discord, and feuds, and contentions, constitute schism. Christians may separate from each other's communion, and yet be uncharitable one towards another; they may continue in the same communion, and yet be uncharitable. This latter is schism, rather than the former. The apostle had heard a report of the Corinthians' divisions, and he tells them he had too much reason to believe it. For, adds he, there must be heresies also; not only quarrels, but factions, and perhaps such corrupt opinions as strike at the foundation of Christianity, and all sound religion. Note, No marvel there should be breaches of Christian love in the churches, when such offences will come as shall make shipwreck of faith and a good conscience. Such offences must come. Note that men are necessitated to be guilty of them; but the event is certain, and God permits them, that those who are approved (such honest hearts as will bear the trial) may be set to view, and appear faithful by their constant adherence to the truths and ways of God, notwithstanding the temptations of seducers. Note, The wisdom of God can make the wickedness and errors of others a foil to the piety and integrity of the saints. 2. He charges them not only with discord and division, but with scandalous disorder: For in eating every one taketh before the other his own supper; and one is hungry, and another is drunken, 1 Corinthians 11:21. Heathens used to drink plentifully at their feasts upon their sacrifices. Many of the wealthier Corinthians seem to have taken the same liberty at the Lord's table, or at least at their Agapai, or love-feasts, that were annexed to the supper. They would not stay for one another; the rich despised the poor, and ate and drank up the provisions they themselves brought, before the poor were allowed to partake; and thus some wanted, while others had more than enough. This was profaning a sacred institution, and corrupting a divine ordinance, to the last degree. What was appointed to feed the soul was employed to feed their lusts and passions. What should have been a bond of mutual amity and affection was made an instrument of discord and disunion. The poor were deprived of the food prepared for them, and the rich turned a feast of charity into a debauch. This was scandalous irregularity.

_ _ III. The apostle lays the blame of this conduct closely on them, 1. By telling them that their conduct perfectly destroyed the purpose and use of such an institution: This is not to eat the Lord's supper, 1 Corinthians 11:20. It was coming to the Lord's table, and not coming. They might as well have staid away. Thus to eat the outward elements was not to eat Christ's body. Note, There is a careless and irregular eating of the Lord's supper which is as none at all; it will turn to no account, but to increase guilt. Such an eating was that of the Corinthians; their practices were a direct contradiction to the purposes of this sacred institution. 2. Their conduct carried in it a contempt of God's house, or of the church, 1 Corinthians 11:22. If they had a mind to feast, they might do it at home in their own houses; but to come to the Lord's table, and cabal and quarrel, and keep the poor from their share of the provision there made for them as well as rich, was such an abuse of the ordinance, and such a contempt of the poorer members of the church more especially, as merited a very sharp rebuke. Such a behaviour tended much to the shame and discouragement of the poor, whose souls were as dear to Christ, and cost him as much, as those of the rich. Note, Common meals may be managed after a common manner, but religious feasts should be attended religiously. Note, also, It is a heinous evil, and severely to be censured, for Christians to treat their fellow-christians with contempt and insolence, but especially at the Lord's table. This is doing what they can to pour contempt on divine ordinances. And we should look carefully to it that nothing in our behaviour at the Lord's table have the appearance of contemning so sacred an institution.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 11:17

(14) Now in this that I declare [unto you] I praise [you] not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse.

(14) He passes now to the next treatise concerning the right administration of the Lord's supper. And the apostle uses this harsher preface, that the Corinthians might understand that whereas they generally observed the apostle's commandments, yet they badly neglected them in a matter of greatest importance.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I praise:

1 Corinthians 11:2 Now I praise you, brethren, that ye remember me in all things, and keep the ordinances, as I delivered [them] to you.
1 Corinthians 11:22 What? have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the church of God, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise [you] not.
Leviticus 19:17 Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.
Proverbs 27:5 Open rebuke [is] better than secret love.
Romans 13:3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same:
1 Peter 2:14 Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well.

that ye:

1 Corinthians 11:20 When ye come together therefore into one place, [this] is not to eat the Lord's supper.
1 Corinthians 11:34 And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.
1 Corinthians 14:23 If therefore the whole church be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in [those that are] unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad?
1 Corinthians 14:26 How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, every one of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying.
Isaiah 1:13-14 Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; [it is] iniquity, even the solemn meeting. ... Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear [them].
Isaiah 58:1-4 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins. ... Behold, ye fast for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: ye shall not fast as [ye do this] day, to make your voice to be heard on high.
Jeremiah 7:9-10 Will ye steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense unto Baal, and walk after other gods whom ye know not; ... And come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my name, and say, We are delivered to do all these abominations?
Hebrews 10:25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some [is]; but exhorting [one another]: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.
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Lv 19:17. Pv 27:5. Is 1:13; 58:1. Jr 7:9. Ro 13:3. 1Co 11:2, 20, 22, 34; 14:23, 26. He 10:25. 1P 2:14.

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