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1 Corinthians 10:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Neither let us make trial of the Lord, as some of them made trial, and perished by the serpents.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Nor let us try the Lord, as some of them did, and were destroyed by the serpents.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed by serpents.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Neither let us tempt the Christ, as some of them tempted, and perished by serpents.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Neither let us be putting the Lord to the test, as, some of them, put him to the test, and, by the serpents, were perishing;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— neither may we tempt the Christ, as also certain of them did tempt, and by the serpents did perish;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them tempted and perished by the serpent.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Neither let vs tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— nor tempt the Meshiha, as also (some) of them tempted, and perished by serpents.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Neither let us tempt the Messiah, as some of them tempted; and serpents destroyed them.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Neither 3366
{3366} Prime
μηδέ
mede
{may-deh'}
From G3361 and G1161; but not, not even; in a continued negation, nor.
let us tempt 1598
{1598} Prime
ἐκπειράζω
ekpeirazo
{ek-pi-rad'-zo}
From G1537 and G3985; to test thoroughly.
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
Christ, 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
as 2531
{2531} Prime
καθώς
kathos
{kath-oce'}
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
some 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
of them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
tempted, y3985
[3985] Standard
πειράζω
peirazo
{pi-rad'-zo}
From G3984; to test (objectively), that is, endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
x2985
(2985) Complement
λαμπάς
lampas
{lam-pas'}
From G2989; a 'lamp' or flambeau.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
were destroyed 622
{0622} Prime
ἀπόλλυμι
apollumi
{ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G0575 and the base of G3639; to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively.
z5639
<5639> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 65
of 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
serpents. 3789
{3789} Prime
ὄφις
ophis
{of'-is}
Probably from G3700 (through the idea of sharpness of vision); a snake, figuratively (as a type of sly cunning) an artful malicious person, especially Satan.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 10:9

_ _ tempt Christ — So the oldest versions, Irenaeus (264), and good manuscripts read. Some of the oldest manuscripts read “Lord”; and one manuscript only “God.” If “Lord” be read, it will mean Christ. As “Christ” was referred to in one of the five privileges of Israel (1 Corinthians 10:4), so it is natural that He should be mentioned here in one of the five corresponding sins of that people. In Numbers 21:5 it is “spake against God” (whence probably arose the alteration in the one manuscript, 1 Corinthians 10:9, “God,” to harmonize it with Numbers 21:5). As either “Christ” or “Lord” is the genuine reading, “Christ” must be “God.” Compare “Why do ye tempt the Lord?” (Exodus 17:2, Exodus 17:7. Compare Romans 14:11, with Isaiah 45:22, Isaiah 45:23). Israel’s discontented complainings were temptings of Christ especially, the “Angel” of the covenant (Exodus 23:20, Exodus 23:21; Exodus 32:34; Isaiah 63:9). Though they drank of “that Rock ... Christ” (1 Corinthians 10:4), they yet complained for want of water (Exodus 17:2, Exodus 17:7). Though also eating the same spiritual meat (Christ, “the true manna,” “the bread of life”), they yet murmured, “Our soul loatheth this light bread.” In this case, being punished by the fiery serpents, they were saved by the brazen serpent, the emblem of Christ (compare John 8:56; Hebrews 11:26). The Greek for “tempt” means, tempt or try, so as to wear out the long-suffering of Christ (compare Psalms 95:8, Psalms 95:9; Numbers 14:22). The Corinthians were in danger of provoking God’s long-suffering by walking on the verge of idolatry, through overweening confidence in their knowledge.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 10:6-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 10:9

Neither let us tempt Christ — By our unbelief. St. Paul enumerates five benefits, 1 Corinthians 10:1-4; of which the fourth and fifth were closely connected together; and five sins, the fourth and fifth of which were likewise closely connected. In speaking of the fifth benefit, he expressly mentions Christ; and in speaking of the fourth sin, he shows it was committed against Christ. As some of them tempted him — This sin of the people was peculiarly against Christ; for when they had so long drank of that rock, yet they murmured for want of water. Numbers 21:4, &c

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 10:9

Neither let us tempt (i) Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.

(i) To tempt Christ is to provoke him to a combat as it were, which those men do who abuse the knowledge that he has given them, and make it to serve for a cloak for their lusts and wickedness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
tempt:

Exodus 17:2 Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD?
Exodus 17:7 And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not?
Exodus 23:20-21 Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared. ... Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name [is] in him.
Numbers 21:5 And the people spake against God, and against Moses, Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for [there is] no bread, neither [is there any] water; and our soul loatheth this light bread.
Deuteronomy 6:16 Ye shall not tempt the LORD your God, as ye tempted [him] in Massah.
Psalms 78:18 And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust.
Psalms 78:56 Yet they tempted and provoked the most high God, and kept not his testimonies:
Psalms 95:9 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work.
Psalms 106:14 But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert.
Hebrews 3:8-11 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness: ... So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)
Hebrews 10:28-30 He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses: ... For we know him that hath said, Vengeance [belongeth] unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.

and were:

Numbers 21:6 And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 17:2, 7; 23:20. Nu 21:5, 6. Dt 6:16. Ps 78:18, 56; 95:9; 106:14. He 3:8; 10:28.

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