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1 Corinthians 10:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Nor let us act immorally, as some of them did, and twenty-three thousand fell in one day.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Neither let us commit lewdness, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed fornication, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Neither let us commit fornication, as, some of them, committed fornication, and there fell, in one day, three and twenty thousand;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— neither may we commit whoredom, as certain of them did commit whoredom, and there fell in one day twenty-three thousand;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them that committed fornication: and there fell in one day three and twenty thousand.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Neither let vs commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twentie thousand.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— nor commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell, in one day, twenty and three thousand;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Neither let us commit whoredom, as some of them committed; and there fell in one day twenty and three thousand.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Neither 3366
{3366} Prime
μηδέ
mede
{may-deh'}
From G3361 and G1161; but not, not even; in a continued negation, nor.
let us commit fornication, 4203
{4203} Prime
πορνεύω
porneuo
{porn-yoo'-o}
From G4204; to act the harlot, that is, (literally) indulge unlawful lust (of either sex), or (figuratively) practise idolatry.
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
as 2531
{2531} Prime
καθώς
kathos
{kath-oce'}
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
some 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
of them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
committed, 4203
{4203} Prime
πορνεύω
porneuo
{porn-yoo'-o}
From G4204; to act the harlot, that is, (literally) indulge unlawful lust (of either sex), or (figuratively) practise idolatry.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
fell 4098
{4098} Prime
πίπτω
pipto
{pip'-to}
The first is a reduplicated and contracted form of the second (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses); probably akin to G4072 through the idea of alighting; to fall (literally of figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
one 3391
{3391} Prime
μία
mia
{mee'-ah}
Irregular feminine of G1520; one or first.
day 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
three y5140
[5140] Standard
τρεῖς
treis
{trice}
A primary (plural) number; 'three'.
and twenty y1501
[1501] Standard
εἴκοσι
eikosi
{i'-kos-ee}
Of uncertain affinity; a score.
thousand. 5505
{5505} Prime
χιλιάς
chilias
{khil-ee-as'}
From G5507; one thousand ('chiliad').
x5140
(5140) Complement
τρεῖς
treis
{trice}
A primary (plural) number; 'three'.
x1501
(1501) Complement
εἴκοσι
eikosi
{i'-kos-ee}
Of uncertain affinity; a score.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 10:8

_ _ fornication — literally, Fornication was generally, as in this case (Numbers 25:1-18), associated at the idol feasts with spiritual fornication, that is, idolatry. This all applied to the Corinthians (1 Corinthians 5:1, 1 Corinthians 5:9; 1 Corinthians 6:9, 1 Corinthians 6:15, 1 Corinthians 6:18; 1 Corinthians 8:10). Balaam tempted Israel to both sins with Midian (Revelation 2:14). Compare 1 Corinthians 8:7, 1 Corinthians 8:9, “stumbling-block,” “eat ... thing offered unto ... idol.”

_ _ three and twenty thousand — in Numbers 25:9 “twenty and four thousand.” If this were a real discrepancy, it would militate rather against inspiration of the subject matter and thought, than against verbal inspiration. The solution is: Moses in Numbers includes all who died “in the plague”; Paul, all who died “in one day”; one thousand more may have fallen the next day [Kitto, Biblical Cyclopaedia]. Or, the real number may have been between twenty-three thousand and twenty-four thousand, say twenty-three thousand five hundred, or twenty-three thousand six hundred; when writing generally where the exact figures were not needed, one writer might quite veraciously give one of the two round numbers near the exact one, and the other writer the other [Bengel]. Whichever be the true way of reconciling the seeming discrepant statements, at least the ways given above prove they are not really irreconcilable.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 10:6-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 10:8

And fell in one day three and twenty thousand — Beside the princes who were afterwards hanged, and those whom the judges slew so that there died in all four and twenty thousand. Numbers 25:1, Numbers 25:9.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Corinthians 6:9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,
1 Corinthians 6:18 Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body.
Numbers 25:1-9 And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab. ... And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand.
Psalms 106:29 Thus they provoked [him] to anger with their inventions: and the plague brake in upon them.
Revelation 2:14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 25:1. Ps 106:29. 1Co 6:9, 18. Rv 2:14.

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