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1 Corinthians 10:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of a spiritual rock that followed them: and the rock was Christ.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And all drank the same spiritual drink: (for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they drank of a spiritual rock which followed [them]: (now the rock was the Christ;)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, all, drank, the same spiritual drink,—for they continued to drink of the spiritual rock that followed them, and, the rock, was the Christ:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and all the same spiritual drink did drink, for they were drinking of a spiritual rock following them, and the rock was the Christ;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And all drank the same spiritual drink: (And they drank of the spiritual rock that followed them: and the rock was Christ.)
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And did all drinke the same spirituall drinke: (for they dranke of that spirituall Rocke that followed them: and that Rocke was Christ)
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and all of them drank one spiritual drink; for they drank of that spiritual Rock which went with them, -but that Rock was the Meshiha himself.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and they all drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that attended them, and that rock was the Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
did y4095
[4095] Standard
πίνω
pino
{pee'-no}
The first is a prolonged form of the second, which (together with the third form) occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
drink 4095
{4095} Prime
πίνω
pino
{pee'-no}
The first is a prolonged form of the second, which (together with the third form) occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
same 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
spiritual 4152
{4152} Prime
πνευματικός
pneumatikos
{pnyoo-mat-ik-os'}
From G4151; non-carnal, that is, (humanly) ethereal (as opposed to gross), or (daemoniacally) a spirit (concretely), or (divinely) supernatural, regenerate, religious.
drink: 4188
{4188} Prime
πόμα
poma
{pom'-ah}
From the alternate of G4095; a beverage.
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
they drank 4095
{4095} Prime
πίνω
pino
{pee'-no}
The first is a prolonged form of the second, which (together with the third form) occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
that spiritual 4152
{4152} Prime
πνευματικός
pneumatikos
{pnyoo-mat-ik-os'}
From G4151; non-carnal, that is, (humanly) ethereal (as opposed to gross), or (daemoniacally) a spirit (concretely), or (divinely) supernatural, regenerate, religious.
Rock 4073
{4073} Prime
πέτρα
petra
{pet'-ra}
Feminine of the same as G4074; a (mass of) rock (literally or figuratively).
that followed x190
(0190) Complement
ἀκολουθέω
akoloutheo
{ak-ol-oo-theh'-o}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and κέλευθος [[keleuthos]] (a road); properly to be in the same way with, that is, to accompany (specifically as a disciple).
them: y190
[0190] Standard
ἀκολουθέω
akoloutheo
{ak-ol-oo-theh'-o}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and κέλευθος [[keleuthos]] (a road); properly to be in the same way with, that is, to accompany (specifically as a disciple).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
that Rock 4073
{4073} Prime
πέτρα
petra
{pet'-ra}
Feminine of the same as G4074; a (mass of) rock (literally or figuratively).
was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
Christ. 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 10:4

_ _ drink — (Exodus 17:6). In Numbers 20:8, “the beasts” also are mentioned as having drunk. The literal water typified “spiritual drink,” and is therefore so called.

_ _ spiritual Rock that followed them — rather, “accompanied them.” Not the literal rock (or its water) “followed” them, as Alford explains, as if Paul sanctioned the Jews’ tradition (Rabbi Solomon on Numbers 20:2) that the rock itself, or at least the stream from it, followed the Israelites from place to place (compare Deuteronomy 9:21). But Christ, the “Spiritual Rock” (Psalms 78:20, Psalms 78:35; Deuteronomy 32:4, Deuteronomy 32:15, Deuteronomy 32:18, Deuteronomy 32:30, Deuteronomy 32:31, Deuteronomy 32:37; Isaiah 28:16; 1 Peter 2:6), accompanied them (Exodus 33:15). “Followed” implies His attending on them to minister to them; thus, though mostly going before them, He, when occasion required it, followedbehind” (Exodus 14:19). He satisfied all alike as to their bodily thirst whenever they needed it; as on three occasions is expressly recorded (Exodus 15:24, Exodus 15:25; Exodus 17:6; Numbers 20:8); and this drink for the body symbolized the spiritual drink from the Spiritual Rock (compare John 4:13, John 4:14; see on 1 Corinthians 10:3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 10:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 10:4

And all drank the same spiritual drink — Typical of Christ, and of that cup which we drink. For they drank out of the spiritual or mysterious rock, the wonderful streams of which followed them in their several journeyings, for many years, through the wilderness. And that rock was a manifest type of Christ — The Rock of Eternity, from whom his people derive those streams of blessings which follow them through all this wilderness. Exodus 17:6.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 10:4

And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that (f) followed them: and that Rock was (g) Christ.

(f) Of the River and running Rock, who followed the people.

(g) Did signify Christ as an ordinance, so that together with the sign, there was the thing signified, and the truth itself. For God does not offer a bare sign, but the thing signified by the sign together with it, which is to be received with faith.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
did:

Exodus 17:6 Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
Numbers 20:11 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts [also].
Psalms 78:15 He clave the rocks in the wilderness, and gave [them] drink as [out of] the great depths.
Psalms 78:20 Behold, he smote the rock, that the waters gushed out, and the streams overflowed; can he give bread also? can he provide flesh for his people?
Psalms 105:41 He opened the rock, and the waters gushed out; they ran in the dry places [like] a river.
Isaiah 43:20 The beast of the field shall honour me, the dragons and the owls: because I give waters in the wilderness, [and] rivers in the desert, to give drink to my people, my chosen.
Isaiah 48:21 And they thirsted not [when] he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.
John 4:10 Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.
John 4:14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.
John 7:37 In the last day, that great [day] of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink.
Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

followed them:
or, went with them,
Deuteronomy 9:21 And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, [and] ground [it] very small, [even] until it was as small as dust: and I cast the dust thereof into the brook that descended out of the mount.

that Rock:

1 Corinthians 11:24-25 And when he had given thanks, he brake [it], and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. ... After the same manner also [he took] the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink [it], in remembrance of me.
Genesis 40:12 And Joseph said unto him, This [is] the interpretation of it: The three branches [are] three days:
Genesis 41:26 The seven good kine [are] seven years; and the seven good ears [are] seven years: the dream [is] one.
Ezekiel 5:4-5 Then take of them again, and cast them into the midst of the fire, and burn them in the fire; [for] thereof shall a fire come forth into all the house of Israel. ... Thus saith the Lord GOD; This [is] Jerusalem: I have set it in the midst of the nations and countries [that are] round about her.
Daniel 2:38 And wheresoever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven hath he given into thine hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou [art] this head of gold.
Daniel 7:17 These great beasts, which are four, [are] four kings, [which] shall arise out of the earth.
Matthew 13:38-39 The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked [one]; ... The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.
Matthew 26:26-28 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed [it], and brake [it], and gave [it] to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. ... For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
Galatians 4:25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.
Colossians 2:17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body [is] of Christ.
Hebrews 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, [and] not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 40:12; 41:26. Ex 17:6. Nu 20:11. Dt 9:21. Ps 78:15, 20; 105:41. Is 43:20; 48:21. Ezk 5:4. Dn 2:38; 7:17. Mt 13:38; 26:26. Jn 4:10, 14; 7:37. 1Co 11:24. Ga 4:25. Col 2:17. He 10:1. Rv 22:17.

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