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1 Corinthians 1:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and the base things of the world, and the things that are despised, did God choose, [yea] and the things that are not, that he might bring to nought the things that are:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, [yea], and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and the base things of the world and the despised God has chosen, the things that are not, so that He may nullify the things that are,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, and things which are not, to bring to naught things that are:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the ignoble things of the world, and the despised, has God chosen, [and] things that are not, that he may annul the things that are;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the low-born things of the world, and the things that are despised, hath God chosen,—[and] the things that are not,—that, the things that are, he might bring to nought;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the base things of the world, and the things despised did God choose, and the things that are not, that the things that are He may make useless—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the base things of the world and the things that are contemptible, hath God chosen: and things that are not, that he might bring to nought things that are:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, [yea] and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and he hath chosen those of low birth in the world, and the outcasts, and those who are nothing, to bring to nothing those who are;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and he hath chosen those of humble birth in the world, and the despised, and them who are nothing, to bring to naught them who are something:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
base things 36
{0036} Prime
ἀγενής
agenes
{ag-en-ace'}
From G0001 (as negative particle) and G1085; properly without kin, that is, (of unknown descent, and by implication) ignoble.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
world, 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
things which are despised, 1848
{1848} Prime
ἐξουθενέω
exoutheneo
{ex-oo-then-eh'-o}
A variation of G1847 and meaning the same.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
hath y1586
[1586] Standard
ἐκλέγομαι
eklegomai
{ek-leg'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from G1537 and G3004 (in its primary sense); to select.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
chosen, 1586
{1586} Prime
ἐκλέγομαι
eklegomai
{ek-leg'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from G1537 and G3004 (in its primary sense); to select.
z5668
<5668> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 88
[yea], and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
things x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
are 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
not, 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
to y2443
[2443] Standard
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
x2554
(2554) Complement
κακοποιέω
kakopoieo
{kak-op-oy-eh'-o}
From G2555; to be a bad doer, that is, (objectively) to injure, or (generally) to sin.
bring to nought 2673
{2673} Prime
καταργέω
katargeo
{kat-arg-eh'-o}
From G2596 and G0691; to be (render) entirely idle (useless), literally or figuratively.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
things that are: 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 1:28

_ _ yea, and things which are notYea is not in the Greek. Also some of the oldest manuscripts omit “and.” Thus the clause, “things which are not” (are regarded as naught), is in apposition with “foolish ... weak ... base (that is, lowborn) and despised things.” God has chosen all four, though regarded as things that are not, to bring to naught things that are.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 1:17-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 1:28

Things that are not — The Jews frequently called the gentiles, "Them that are not," 2 Esdras vi. 56, 57. In so supreme contempt did they hold them. The things that are — In high esteem.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 1:28

And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, [yea], and things which (x) are not, to bring to (y) nought things that are:

(x) Which in man's judgment are almost nothing.

(y) To show that they are vain and unprofitable, and worth nothing. See Romans 3:31

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
things which:

Romans 4:17 (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, [even] God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were.
2 Corinthians 12:11 I am become a fool in glorying; ye have compelled me: for I ought to have been commended of you: for in nothing am I behind the very chiefest apostles, though I be nothing.

to bring:

1 Corinthians 2:6 Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought:
Deuteronomy 28:63 And it shall come to pass, [that] as the LORD rejoiced over you to do you good, and to multiply you; so the LORD will rejoice over you to destroy you, and to bring you to nought; and ye shall be plucked from off the land whither thou goest to possess it.
Job 34:19-20 [How much less to him] that accepteth not the persons of princes, nor regardeth the rich more than the poor? for they all [are] the work of his hands. ... In a moment shall they die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and pass away: and the mighty shall be taken away without hand.
Job 34:24 He shall break in pieces mighty men without number, and set others in their stead.
Psalms 32:10 Many sorrows [shall be] to the wicked: but he that trusteth in the LORD, mercy shall compass him about.
Psalms 37:35-36 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree. ... Yet he passed away, and, lo, he [was] not: yea, I sought him, but he could not be found.
Isaiah 2:11 The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down, and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day.
Isaiah 2:17 And the loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be made low: and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day.
Isaiah 17:13-14 The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but [God] shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind. ... And behold at eveningtide trouble; [and] before the morning he [is] not. This [is] the portion of them that spoil us, and the lot of them that rob us.
Isaiah 37:36 Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they [were] all dead corpses.
Isaiah 41:12 Thou shalt seek them, and shalt not find them, [even] them that contended with thee: they that war against thee shall be as nothing, and as a thing of nought.
Daniel 2:34-35 Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet [that were] of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces. ... Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
Daniel 2:44-45 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, [but] it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever. ... Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream [is] certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.
Revelation 18:17 For in one hour so great riches is come to nought. And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 28:63. Jb 34:19, 24. Ps 32:10; 37:35. Is 2:11, 17; 17:13; 37:36; 41:12. Dn 2:34, 44. Ro 4:17. 1Co 2:6. 2Co 12:11. Rv 18:17.

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