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1 Corinthians 1:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Where is the wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of the world?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Where [is] the wise? where [is] the scribe? where [is] the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Where is the wise man? Where is the scribe? Where is the debater of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Where [is] the wise? where [is] the scribe? where [is] the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Where [is the] wise? where scribe? where disputer of this world? has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Where is the wise? Where is the scribe? Where is the disputer of this age? Hath not God made foolish the wisdom of the world?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— where [is] the wise? where the scribe? where a disputer of this age? did not God make foolish the wisdom of this world?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Where is the wise? Where is the scribe? Where is the disputer of this world? Hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Where is the wise? where is the Scribe? where is the disputer of this world? Hath not God made foolish the wisedome of this world?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Where is the wise? Where is the scribe? Or where is the disputer of this world? Hath not Aloha made foolish the wisdom of this world?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Where is the wise? Or where is the scribe? Or where is the disputant of this world? Lo, hath not God showed, that the wisdom of this world is folly?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Where 4226
{4226} Prime
ποῦ
pou
{poo}
Genitive case of πός [[pos]], an interrogitive pronoun, (what) otherwise obsolete (perhaps the same as G4225 used with the rising slide of inquiry); as adverb of place; at (by implication to) what locality.
[is] the wise? 4680
{4680} Prime
σοφός
sophos
{sof-os'}
Akin to σαφής [[saphes]] (clear); wise (in a most general application).
where 4226
{4226} Prime
ποῦ
pou
{poo}
Genitive case of πός [[pos]], an interrogitive pronoun, (what) otherwise obsolete (perhaps the same as G4225 used with the rising slide of inquiry); as adverb of place; at (by implication to) what locality.
[is] the scribe? 1122
{1122} Prime
γραμματεύς
grammateus
{gram-mat-yooce'}
From G1121; a writer, that is, (professionally) scribe or secretary.
where 4226
{4226} Prime
ποῦ
pou
{poo}
Genitive case of πός [[pos]], an interrogitive pronoun, (what) otherwise obsolete (perhaps the same as G4225 used with the rising slide of inquiry); as adverb of place; at (by implication to) what locality.
[is] the disputer 4804
{4804} Prime
συζητητής
suzetetes
{sood-zay-tay-tace'}
From G4802; a disputant, that is, sophist.
of this 5127
{5127} Prime
τούτου
toutou
{too'-too}
Genitive singular masculine or neuter of G3778; of (from or concerning) this (person or thing).
world? 165
{0165} Prime
αἰών
aion
{ahee-ohn'}
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
hath y3471
[3471] Standard
μωραίνω
moraino
{mo-rah'-ee-no}
From G3474; to become insipid; figuratively to make (passively act) as a simpleton.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3780
{3780} Prime
οὐχί
ouchi
{oo-khee'}
Intensive of G3756; not indeed.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
made foolish 3471
{3471} Prime
μωραίνω
moraino
{mo-rah'-ee-no}
From G3474; to become insipid; figuratively to make (passively act) as a simpleton.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
wisdom 4678
{4678} Prime
σοφία
sophia
{sof-ee'-ah}
From G4680; wisdom (higher or lower, worldly or spiritual).
of this 5127
{5127} Prime
τούτου
toutou
{too'-too}
Genitive singular masculine or neuter of G3778; of (from or concerning) this (person or thing).
world? 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Corinthians 1:20

_ _ Where — nowhere; for God “brings them to naught” (1 Corinthians 1:19).

_ _ the wise — generally.

_ _ the scribe — Jewish [Alford].

_ _ the disputer — Greek [Alford]. Compare the Jew and Greek of this world contrasted with the godly wise, 1 Corinthians 1:22, 1 Corinthians 1:23. Vitringa thinks the reference is to the Jewish discourses in the synagogue, daraschoth, from a Hebrew root “to dispute.” Compare “questions,” Acts 26:3; Titus 3:9. If so, “wise” refers to Greek wisdom (compare 1 Corinthians 1:22). Paul applies Isaiah 33:18 here in a higher sense; there the primary reference was to temporal deliverance, here to external; 1 Corinthians 1:22, which is in threefold opposition to 1 Corinthians 1:18 there, sanctions this higher application; the Lord in the threefold character being the sole ground of glorying to His people.

_ _ of this world ... of this world — rather, “dispensation (or age) ... world”; the Greek words are distinct. The former is here this age or worldly order of things in a moral point of view, as opposed to the Christian dispensation or order of things. The latter is the world viewed externally and cosmically.

_ _ made foolish — shown the world’s philosophy to be folly, because it lacks faith in Christ crucified [Chrysostom]. Has treated it as folly, and not used its help in converting and saving men (1 Corinthians 1:26, 1 Corinthians 1:27) [Estius].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Corinthians 1:17-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Corinthians 1:20

Where is the wise? &c. — The deliverance of Judea from Sennacherib is what Isaiah refers to in these words; in a bold and beautiful allusion to which, the apostle in the clause that follows triumphs over all the opposition of human wisdom to the victorious gospel of Christ. What could the wise men of the gentiles do against this? or the Jewish scribes? or the disputers of this world? — Those among both, who, proud of their acuteness, were fond of controversy, and thought they could confute all opponents. Hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world — That is, shown it to be very foolishness. Isaiah 33:18

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Corinthians 1:20

Where [is] the wise? where [is] the (o) scribe? where [is] the (p) disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world?

(o) Where are you, O you learned fellow, and you that spend your days in turning your books?

(p) You that spend all your time in seeking out the secret things of this world, and in expounding all hard questions: and thus he triumphs against all the men of this world, for there was not one of them that could so much as dream of this secret and hidden mystery.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
is the wise:

Isaiah 33:18 Thine heart shall meditate terror. Where [is] the scribe? where [is] the receiver? where [is] he that counted the towers?
Isaiah 53:1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?

hath:

1 Corinthians 1:19 For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent.
2 Samuel 15:31 And [one] told David, saying, Ahithophel [is] among the conspirators with Absalom. And David said, O LORD, I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness.
2 Samuel 16:23 And the counsel of Ahithophel, which he counselled in those days, [was] as if a man had enquired at the oracle of God: so [was] all the counsel of Ahithophel both with David and with Absalom.
2 Samuel 17:14 And Absalom and all the men of Israel said, The counsel of Hushai the Archite [is] better than the counsel of Ahithophel. For the LORD had appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel, to the intent that the LORD might bring evil upon Absalom.
2 Samuel 17:23 And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled [his] ass, and arose, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put his household in order, and hanged himself, and died, and was buried in the sepulchre of his father.
Job 12:17 He leadeth counsellors away spoiled, and maketh the judges fools.
Job 12:20 He removeth away the speech of the trusty, and taketh away the understanding of the aged.
Job 12:24 He taketh away the heart of the chief of the people of the earth, and causeth them to wander in a wilderness [where there is] no way.
Isaiah 44:25 That frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh diviners mad; that turneth wise [men] backward, and maketh their knowledge foolish;
Romans 1:22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 15:31; 16:23; 17:14, 23. Jb 12:17, 20, 24. Is 33:18; 44:25; 53:1. Ro 1:22. 1Co 1:19.

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