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1 Chronicles 9:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now the first inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions in their cities were Israel, the priests, the Levites, and the Nethinim.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now the first inhabitants that [dwelt] in their possessions in their cities [were], the Israelites, the priests, Levites, and the Nethinims.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the first who lived in their possessions in their cities [were] Israel, the priests, the Levites and the temple servants.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now the first inhabitants that [dwelt] in their possessions in their cities [were], the Israelites, the priests, Levites, and the Nethinims.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the inhabitants that were first in their possessions in their cities were the Israelites, the priests, the Levites, and the Nethinim.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, the first inhabitants, who were in their possessions, in their cities, were Israel, the priests, the Levites, and the Nethinim.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the first inhabitants, who [are] in their possession, in their cities, of Israel, [are] the priests, the Levites, and the Nethinim.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now the first that dwelt in their possessions, and in their cities, were the Israelites, and the priests, and the Levites, and the Nathineans.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now the first inhabitants [that dwelt] in their possessions, in their cities, [were] the Israelites, the Priests, Leuits, and the Nethinims.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they that dwelt before in their possessions in the cities of Israel, the priests, the Levites, and the appointed ones.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now the first inhabitants that [dwelt] in their possessions in their cities [were], the Yisreelim, the priests, Lewiyyim, and the Nethinim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now the first 7223
{7223} Prime
רִאשׁוֹן
ri'shown
{ree-shone'}
From H7221; first, in place, time or rank (as adjective or noun).
inhabitants 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[dwelt] in their possessions 272
{0272} Prime
אֲחֻזָּה
'achuzzah
{akh-ooz-zaw'}
Feminine passive participle of H0270; something seized, that is, a possession (especially of land).
in their cities 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
[were], the Yi$rlm יִשׂרְאֵלִים, 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
the priests, 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
Lwiyyim לְוִיִּם, 3881
{3881} Prime
לֵוִיִי
Leviyiy
{lay-vee-ee'}
Patronymic from H3878; a Leviite or descendant of Levi.
and the Nnm נְתִינִים. 5411
{5411} Prime
נָתִין
Nathiyn
{naw-theen'}
The second form is the proper form, as passive participle; from H5414; one given, that is, (in the plural only) the Nethinim, or Temple Servants (as given up to that duty).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 9:2

_ _ the first inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions — This chapter relates wholly to the first returned exiles. Almost all the names recur in Nehemiah (Nehemiah 11:1-36), although there are differences which will be explained there. The same division of the people into four classes was continued after, as before the captivity; namely, the priests, Levites, natives, who now were called by the common name of Israelites, and the Nethinims (Joshua 9:27; Ezra 2:43; Ezra 8:20). When the historian speaks of “the first inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions,” he implies that there were others who afterwards returned and settled in possessions not occupied by the first. Accordingly, we read of a great number returning successively under Ezra, Nehemiah, and at a later period. And some of those who returned to the ancient inheritance of their fathers, had lived before the time of the captivity (Ezra 3:12; Haggai 2:4, Haggai 2:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 9:1-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 9:2

The first — After the return from Babylon. Dwelt — That took possession of their own lands and cities, which had been formerly allotted them; but of late years had been taken from them for their sins, and possessed by other people. Israelites — The common people of Judah and Israel, called here by the general name of Israelites, which was given them before that unhappy division of the kingdoms, and now is restored to them when the Israelites are united with the Jews in one and the same commonwealth, that so all the names and signs of their former division might be blotted out. And though the generality of the ten tribes were yet in captivity, yet divers of them upon Cyrus's general proclamation, associated themselves, and returned with those of Judah and Benjamin. Levites — These took possession of the cities belonging to them, as they had need and opportunity. Nethinims — A certain order of men, either Gibeonites or others joined with them, devoted to the service of God, and of his house, and of the priests and Levites; who, that they might attend upon their work without distraction, had certain places and possessions given to them; which they are now said to repossess.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 9:2

Now the first inhabitants that [dwelt] in their possessions in their cities [were], the Israelites, the priests, Levites, and the (b) Nethinims.

(b) Meaning, the Gibeonites, who served in the temple, read (Joshua 9:23).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 3468, bc 536

the first:

Ezra 2:70 So the priests, and the Levites, and [some] of the people, and the singers, and the porters, and the Nethinims, dwelt in their cities, and all Israel in their cities.
Nehemiah 7:73 So the priests, and the Levites, and the porters, and the singers, and [some] of the people, and the Nethinims, and all Israel, dwelt in their cities; and when the seventh month came, the children of Israel [were] in their cities.
Nehemiah 11:3 Now these [are] the chief of the province that dwelt in Jerusalem: but in the cities of Judah dwelt every one in his possession in their cities, [to wit], Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and the Nethinims, and the children of Solomon's servants.

the Nethinims:

Joshua 9:21-27 And the princes said unto them, Let them live; but let them be hewers of wood and drawers of water unto all the congregation; as the princes had promised them. ... And Joshua made them that day hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation, and for the altar of the LORD, even unto this day, in the place which he should choose.
Ezra 2:43 The Nethinims: the children of Ziha, the children of Hasupha, the children of Tabbaoth,
Ezra 2:58 All the Nethinims, and the children of Solomon's servants, [were] three hundred ninety and two.
Ezra 8:20 Also of the Nethinims, whom David and the princes had appointed for the service of the Levites, two hundred and twenty Nethinims: all of them were expressed by name.
Nehemiah 7:60 All the Nethinims, and the children of Solomon's servants, [were] three hundred ninety and two.
Nehemiah 7:73 So the priests, and the Levites, and the porters, and the singers, and [some] of the people, and the Nethinims, and all Israel, dwelt in their cities; and when the seventh month came, the children of Israel [were] in their cities.
Nehemiah 11:3 Now these [are] the chief of the province that dwelt in Jerusalem: but in the cities of Judah dwelt every one in his possession in their cities, [to wit], Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and the Nethinims, and the children of Solomon's servants.
Nehemiah 11:21 But the Nethinims dwelt in Ophel: and Ziha and Gispa [were] over the Nethinims.
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Jsh 9:21. Ezr 2:43, 58, 70; 8:20. Ne 7:60, 73; 11:3, 21.

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