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1 Chronicles 8:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and Beriah, and Shema, who were heads of fathers' [houses] of the inhabitants of Aijalon, who put to flight the inhabitants of Gath;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Beriah also, and Shema, who [were] heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Aijalon, who drove away the inhabitants of Gath:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and Beriah and Shema, who were heads of fathers’ [households] of the inhabitants of Aijalon, who put to flight the inhabitants of Gath;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Beriah also, and Shema, who [were] heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Ajalon, who drove away the inhabitants of Gath:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and Beriah, and Shema, who were chief fathers of the inhabitants of Ajalon; they drove away the inhabitants of Gath.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, as for Beriah and Shema, they, were ancestral chiefs to the inhabitants of Aijalon,—they, put to flight the inhabitants of Gath;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Beriah and Shema, (they [are] the heads of fathers to the inhabitants of Aijalon—they caused to flee the inhabitants of Gath),
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Baria, and Sama were heads of their kindreds that dwelt in Aialon: these drove away the inhabitants of Geth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Beriah also and Shema, who [were] heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Aialon, who droue away the inhabitants of Gath.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and Beriah{gr.Beria}, and Sama; these [were] heads of families among the dwellers in Elam, and they drove out the inhabitants of Gath{gr.Geth}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Beriah also, and Shema, who [were] heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Ayyalon, who drove away the inhabitants of Gath:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Br` בְּרִיעָה 1283
{1283} Prime
בְּרִיעָה
B@riy`ah
{ber-ee'-aw}
Apparently from the feminine of H7451 with prepositional prefix; in trouble; Beriah, the name of four Israelites.
also, and ma` שְׁמַע, 8087
{8087} Prime
שֶׁמַע
Shema`
{sheh'-mah}
For the same as H8088; Shema, the name of a place in Palestine and of four Israelites.
who 1992
{1992} Prime
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
[were] heads 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
of the fathers 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
of the inhabitants 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of Ayyln אַיָּלוֹן, 357
{0357} Prime
אַיָּלוֹן
'Ayalown
{ah-yaw-lone'}
From H0354; deerfield; Ajalon, the name of five places in Palestine.
who x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
drove away 1272
{1272} Prime
בָּרַח
barach
{baw-rakh'}
A primitive root; to bolt, that is, figuratively to flee suddenly.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the inhabitants 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of Ga גַּת: 1661
{1661} Prime
גַּת
Gath
{gath}
The same as H1660; Gath, a Philistine city.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 8:1-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Shema:

1 Chronicles 8:21 And Adaiah, and Beraiah, and Shimrath, the sons of Shimhi;
, Shimhi

the fathers:

1 Chronicles 2:49-50 She bare also Shaaph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah, and the father of Gibea: and the daughter of Caleb [was] Achsah. ... These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah; Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim,
1 Chronicles 2:52 And Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim had sons; Haroeh, [and] half of the Manahethites.
1 Chronicles 4:4 And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These [are] the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem.

Aijalon:

Joshua 19:42 And Shaalabbin, and Ajalon, and Jethlah,
, Ajalon
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Jsh 19:42. 1Ch 2:49, 52; 4:4; 8:21.

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