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1 Chronicles 6:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And these are they whom David set over the service of song in the house of Jehovah, after that the ark had rest.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And these [are they] whom David set over the service of song in the house of the LORD, after that the ark had rest.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now these are those whom David appointed over the service of song in the house of the LORD, after the ark rested [there].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And these [are they] whom David set over the service of song in the house of the LORD, after that the ark had rest.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And these are they whom David set over the service of song in the house of Jehovah after that the ark was in rest.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, these, are they whom David caused to stand, as the servants of song, in the house of Yahweh, when he had given rest unto the ark;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And these [are] they whom David stationed over the parts of the song of the house of Jehovah, from the resting of the ark,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— These are they, whom David set over the singing men of the house of the Lord, after that the ark was placed.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And these [are they], whom Dauid set ouer the seruice of song in the house of the LORD, after that the Arke had rest.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And these [were the men] whom David set over the service of the singers in the house of the Lord when the ark was at rest.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And these [are they] whom Dawid set over the service of song in the house of Yahweh, after that the ark had rest.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[are they] whom x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
set 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
over x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the service 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
of song 7892
{7892} Prime
שִׁיר
shiyr
{sheer}
The second form being feminine; from H7891; a song; abstractly singing.
in the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
after that the ark 727
{0727} Prime
אֲרוֹן
'arown
{aw-rone'}
From H0717 (in the sense of gathering); a box.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
had rest. 4494
{4494} Prime
מָנוֹחַ
manowach
{maw-no'-akh}
From H5117; quiet, that is, (concretely) a settled spot, or (figuratively) a home.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 6:16-48.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Chronicles 6:31-53

_ _ When the Levites were first ordained in the wilderness much of the work then appointed them lay in carrying and taking care of the tabernacle and the utensils of it, while they were in their march through the wilderness. In David's time their number was increased; and, though the greater part of them was dispersed all the nation over, to teach the people the good knowledge of the Lord, yet those that attended the house of God were so numerous that there was not constant work for them all; and therefore David, by special commission and direction from God, new-modelled the Levites, as we shall find in the latter part of this book. Here we are told what the work was which he assigned them.

_ _ I. Singing-work, 1 Chronicles 6:31. David was raised up on high to be the sweet psalmist of Israel (2 Samuel 23:1), not only to pen psalms, but to appoint the singing of them in the house of the Lord (not so much because he was musical as because he was devout), and this he did after that the ark had rest. While that was in captivity, obscure, and unsettled, the harps were hung upon the willow-trees: singing was then thought unseasonable (when the bridegroom is taken away they shall fast); but the harps being resumed, and the songs revived, at the bringing up of the ark, they were continued afterwards. For we should rejoice as much in the prolonging of our spiritual privileges as in the restoring of them. When the service of the ark was much superseded by its rest they had other work cut out for them (for Levites should never be idle) and were employed in the service of song. Thus when the people of God come to the rest which remains for them above they shall take leave of all their burdens and be employed in everlasting songs. These singers kept up that service in the tabernacle till the temple was built, and then they waited on their office there, 1 Chronicles 6:32. When they came to that stately magnificent house they kept as close both to their office and to their order as they had done in the tabernacle. It is a pity that the preferment of the Levites should ever make them remiss in their business. We have here an account of the three great masters who were employed in the service of the sacred song, with their respective families; for they waited with their children, that is, such as descended from them or were allied to them, 1 Chronicles 6:33. Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, were the three that were appointed to this service, one of each of the three houses of the Levites, that there might be an equality in the distribution of this work and honour, and that every one might know his post, such an admirable order was there in this choir service. 1. Of the house of Kohath was Heman with his family (1 Chronicles 6:33), a man of a sorrowful spirit, if it be the same Heman that penned the 88th psalm, and yet a singer. He was the grandson of Samuel the prophet, the son of Joel, of whom it is said that he walked not in the ways of Samuel (1 Samuel 8:2, 1 Samuel 8:3); but it seems, though the son did not, the grandson did. Thus does the blessing entailed on the seed of the upright sometimes pass over one generation and fasten upon the next. And this Heman, though the grandson of that mighty prince, did not think it below him to be a precentor in the house of God. David himself was willing to be a door-keeper. Rather we may look upon this preferment of the grandson in the church as a recompense for the humble modest resignation which the grandfather made of his authority in the state. Many such ways God has of making up his people's losses and balancing their disgraces. Perhaps David, in making Heman the chief, had some respect to his old friend Samuel. 2. Of the house of Gershom was Asaph, called his brother, because in the same office and of the same tribe, though of another family. He was posted on Heman's right hand in the choir, 1 Chronicles 6:39. Several of the psalms bear his name, being either penned by him or tuned by him as the chief musician. It is plain that he was the penman of some psalms; for we read of those that praised the Lord in the words of David and of Asaph. He was a seer as well as a singer, 2 Chronicles 29:30. His pedigree is traced up here, through names utterly unknown, as high as Levi, 1 Chronicles 6:39-43. 3. Of the house of Merari was Ethan (1 Chronicles 6:44), who was appointed to Heman's left hand. His pedigree is also traced up to Levi, 1 Chronicles 6:47. If these were the Heman and Ethan that penned the 88th and 89th psalms, there appears no reason here why they should be called Ezrahites (see the titles of those psalms), as there does why those should be called so who are mentioned 1 Chronicles 2:6, and who were the sons of Zerah.

_ _ II. There was serving-work, abundance of service to be done in the tabernacle of the house of God (1 Chronicles 6:48), to provide water and fuel, — to wash and sweep, and carry out ashes, — to kill, and flay, and boil the sacrifices; and to all such services there were Levites appointed, those of other families, or perhaps those that were not fit to be singers, that had either no good voice or no good ear. As every one has received the gift, so let him minister. Those that could not sing must not therefore be laid aside as good for nothing; though they were not fit for that service, there was other service they might be useful in.

_ _ III. There was sacrificing-work, and that was to be done by the priests only, 1 Chronicles 6:49. They only were to sprinkle the blood and burn the incense; as for the work of the most holy place, that was to be done by the high priest only. Each had his work, and they both needed one another and both helped one another in it. Concerning the work of the priests we are here told, 1. What was the end they were to have in their eye. They were to make an atonement for Israel, to mediate between the people and God; not to magnify and enrich themselves, but to serve the public. They were ordained for men. 2. What was the rule they were to have in their eye. They presided in God's house, yet must do as they were bidden, according to all that God commanded. That law the highest are subject to.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 6:31

And these [are they] whom David set over the service of song in the house of the LORD, after that the ark had (f) rest.

(f) After it was brought to the place where the temple would be built and was no longer carried to and fro.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 2962, bc 1042

whom David:

1 Chronicles 15:16-22 And David spake to the chief of the Levites to appoint their brethren [to be] the singers with instruments of musick, psalteries and harps and cymbals, sounding, by lifting up the voice with joy. ... And Chenaniah, chief of the Levites, [was] for song: he instructed about the song, because he [was] skilful.
1 Chronicles 15:27 And David [was] clothed with a robe of fine linen, and all the Levites that bare the ark, and the singers, and Chenaniah the master of the song with the singers: David also [had] upon him an ephod of linen.
1 Chronicles 25:1-31 Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen according to their service was: ... The four and twentieth to Romamtiezer, [he], his sons, and his brethren, [were] twelve.

after that:

1 Chronicles 16:1 So they brought the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tent that David had pitched for it: and they offered burnt sacrifices and peace offerings before God.
2 Samuel 6:17 And they brought in the ark of the LORD, and set it in his place, in the midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.
Psalms 132:8 Arise, O LORD, into thy rest; thou, and the ark of thy strength.
Psalms 132:14 This [is] my rest for ever: here will I dwell; for I have desired it.
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2S 6:17. 1Ch 15:16, 27; 16:1; 25:1. Ps 132:8, 14.

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