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1 Chronicles 4:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the first-born of Ephrathah, the father of Beth-lehem.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These [are] the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Penuel [was] the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These [were] the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These [are] the sons of Hur, the first-born of Ephratah, the father of Beth-lehem.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah: these were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, [and] father of Bethlehem.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer, the father of Hushah. These, are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Penuel [is] father of Gedor, and Ezer father of Hushah. These [are] sons of Hur, first-born of Ephratah, father of Beth-Lehem.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Phanuel the father of Gedor, and Ezar the father of Hosa, these are the sons of Hur the firstborn of Ephratha the father of Bethlehem.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These [are] the sonnes of Hur, the first borne of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Penuel{gr.Phanuel} the father of Gedor, and Jazer the father of Osan: these [are] the sons of Or, the first-born of Ephrath{gr.Ephratha}, the father of Baethalaen.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Etzer the father of Chushah. These [are] the sons of Chur, the firstborn of Efrathah, the father of Beth Lachem.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Pnl פְּנוּאֵל 6439
{6439} Prime
פְּנוּאֵל
P@nuw'el
{pen-oo-ale'}
From H6437 and H0410; face of God; Penuel or Peniel, a place East of Jordan; also (as Penuel) the name of two Israelites.
the father 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
of Gr גְּדוֹר, 1446
{1446} Prime
גְּדֹר
G@dor
{ghed-ore'}
From H1443; inclosure; Gedor, a place in Palestine; also the name of three Israelites.
and xer אֵצֶר 5829
{5829} Prime
עֵזֶר
`Ezer
{ay'-zer}
The same as H5828; Ezer, the name of four Israelites.
the father 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
of חוּשָׁה. 2364
{2364} Prime
חוּשָׁה
Chuwshah
{khoo-shaw'}
From H2363; haste; Chushah, an Israelite.
These x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[are] the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of r חוּר, 2354
{2354} Prime
חוּר
Chuwr
{khoor}
The same as H2353 or H2352; Chur, the name of four Israelites and one Midianite.
the firstborn 1060
{1060} Prime
בְּכוֹר
b@kowr
{bek-ore'}
From H1069; firstborn; hence chief.
of Efr אֶפרָתָה, 672
{0672} Prime
אֶפְרָת
'Ephraath
{ef-rawth'}
From H6509; fruitfulness; Ephrath, another name for Bethlehem; once used in Psalms 132:6 perhaps for Ephraim; also of an Israelitish woman.
the father 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
of B Lem בֵּית־לָחֶם. 1035
{1035} Prime
בֵּית לֶחֶם
Beyth Lechem
{bayth leh'-khem}
From H1004 and H3899; house of bread; Beth-Lechem, a place in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 4:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 4:4

And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These [are] the sons of Hur, the (b) firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem.

(b) The first born of his mother, and not the eldest of his father.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Gedor:

1 Chronicles 4:18 And his wife Jehudijah bare Jered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. And these [are] the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took.
1 Chronicles 4:39 And they went to the entrance of Gedor, [even] unto the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks.
Joshua 15:36 And Sharaim, and Adithaim, and Gederah, and Gederothaim; fourteen cities with their villages:

Hur:

1 Chronicles 2:19 And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took unto him Ephrath, which bare him Hur.
1 Chronicles 2:50 These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah; Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim,
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Jsh 15:36. 1Ch 2:19, 50; 4:18, 39.

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