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1 Chronicles 4:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— These were the potters, and the inhabitants of Netaim and Gederah: there they dwelt with the king for his work.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— These [were] the potters, and those that dwelt among plants and hedges: there they dwelt with the king for his work.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— These were the potters and the inhabitants of Netaim and Gederah; they lived there with the king for his work.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— These [were] the potters, and those that dwelt among plants and hedges: there they dwelt with the king for his work.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— These were the potters, and those that abode among plantations and enclosures: there they dwelt with the king for his work.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They, were the potters and the inhabitants of Netaim, and Gederah,—with the king in his work, dwelt they there.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— They [are] the potters and inhabitants of Netaim and Gedera; with the king in his work they dwelt there.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— These are the potters, and they dwelt in Plantations, and Hedges, with the king for his works, and they abode there.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— These [were] the Potters, and those that dwelt amongst plants and hedges. There they dwelt with the king for his worke.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— These [are] the potters who dwelt in Ataim and Gadira with the king: they grew strong in his kingdom, and dwelt there.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— These [were] the potters, and those that dwelt among plants and hedges: there they dwelt with the king for his work.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
These x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
[were] the potters, 3335
{3335} Prime
יָצַר
yatsar
{yaw-tsar'}
probably identical with H3334 (through the squeezing into shape); (compare H3331); to mould into a form; especially as a potter; figuratively to determine (that is, form a resolution).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and those that dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
among plants 5196
{5196} Prime
נְטָעִים
N@ta`iym
{net-aw-eem'}
Plural of H5194; Netaim, a place in Palestine.
and hedges: 1448
{1448} Prime
גְּדֵרָה
g@derah
{ghed-ay-raw'}
Feminine of H1447; inclosure (especially for flocks).
there x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
they dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
for his work. 4399
{4399} Prime
מְלָאכָה
m@la'kah
{mel-aw-kaw'}
From the same as H4397; properly deputyship, that is, ministry; generally employment (never servile) or work (abstractly or concretely); also property (as the result of labor).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 4:22-23.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 4:11-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 4:23

There are — He seems to oppose their present servitude to their former glory, and to shew their mean spirits that had rather tarry among the Heathen to do their drudgery, than return to Jerusalem to serve God and enjoy their freedom. The king — Of Babylon: esteeming it a greater honour to serve that earthly monarch in the meanest employments, than to serve the king of kings in his temple.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 4:23

These [were] the potters, and those that dwelt among plants and hedges: (g) there they dwelt with the king for his work.

(g) They were David's gardeners and served him in his works.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Chronicles 4:14 And Meonothai begat Ophrah: and Seraiah begat Joab, the father of the valley of Charashim; for they were craftsmen.
Psalms 81:6 I removed his shoulder from the burden: his hands were delivered from the pots.
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1Ch 4:14. Ps 81:6.

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