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1 Chronicles 28:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the pattern of the chariot, [even] the cherubim, that spread out [their wings], and covered the ark of the covenant of Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubims, that spread out [their wings], and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the model of the chariot, [even] the cherubim that spread out [their wings] and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubim, that spread out [their wings], and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and for the altar of incense, refined gold by weight; and the pattern of the chariot of the cherubim of gold, which spread out [their wings] and cover the ark of the covenant of Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, for the altar of incense, refined gold, by weight,—and, for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubim, gold, for them that were spreading out, and covering the ark of the covenant of Yahweh:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and for the altar of perfume refined gold by weight, and for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubs of gold—spreading and covering over the ark of the covenant of Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And for the altar of incense, he gave the purest gold: and to make the likeness of the chariot of the cherubims spreading their wings, and covering the ark of the covenant of the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And for the Altar of incense, refined golde by weight; and gold for the paterne of the charet of the Cherubims, that spread out [their wings], and couered the Arke of the Couenant of the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he shewed him the weight [of the utensils] of the altar of incense, [which was] of pure gold, and the plan of the chariot of the cherubs that spread out their wings, and overshadowed the ark of the covenant of the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubims, that spread out [their wings], and covered the ark of the covenant of Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And for the altar 4196
{4196} Prime
מִזְבֵּחַ
mizbeach
{miz-bay'-akh}
From H2076; an altar.
of incense 7004
{7004} Prime
קְטֹרֶת
q@toreth
{ket-o'-reth}
From H6999; a fumigation.
refined 2212
{2212} Prime
זְקַק
zaqaq
{zaw-kak'}
A primitive root; to strain, (figuratively) extract, clarify.
z8794
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
gold 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
by weight; 4948
{4948} Prime
מִשְׁקָל
mishqal
{mish-kawl'}
From H8254; weight (numerically estimated); hence, weighing (the act).
and gold 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
for the pattern 8403
{8403} Prime
תַּבְנִית
tabniyth
{tab-neeth'}
From H1129; structure; by implication a model, resemblance.
of the chariot 4818
{4818} Prime
מֶרְכָּבָה
merkabah
{mer-kaw-baw'}
Feminine of H4817; a chariot.
of the cherubims, 3742
{3742} Prime
כְּרוּב
k@ruwb
{ker-oob'}
Of uncertain derivation; a cherub or imaginary figure.
that spread out 6566
{6566} Prime
פָּרַשׂ
paras
{paw-ras'}
A primitive root; to break apart, disperse, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[their wings], and covered 5526
{5526} Prime
סָכַךְ
cakak
{saw-kak'}
A primitive root; properly to entwine as a screen; by implication to fence in, cover over, (figuratively) protect.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the ark 727
{0727} Prime
אֲרוֹן
'arown
{aw-rone'}
From H0717 (in the sense of gathering); a box.
of the covenant 1285
{1285} Prime
בְּרִית
b@riyth
{ber-eeth'}
From H1262 (in the sense of cutting (like H1254)); a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh).
of Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 28:18-19

_ _ the chariot of the cherubim — The expanded wings of the cherubim formed what was figuratively styled the throne of God, and as they were emblematical of rapid motion, the throne or seat was spoken of as a chariot (Psalms 18:10; Psalms 99:1). It is quite clear that in all these directions David was not guided by his own taste, or by a desire for taking any existing model of architecture, but solely by a regard to the express revelation of the divine will. In a vision, or trance, the whole edifice, with its appurtenances, had been placed before his eyes so vividly and permanently, that he had been able to take a sketch of them in the models delivered to Solomon.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 28:11-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 28:18

Refined gold — Purer than any of the rest. For that was typical of the intercession of Christ, than which nothing can be more pure and perfect. The cherubim — Which Solomon was to make, (for those which were fastened to the mercy — seat were made by Moses long before) which he fitly compares to a chariot, because within them God is said to sit and to dwell. And because a chariot is made to carry a person from place to place, this expression may be used to intimate that God was not so fixed to them by the building of this temple, but that he would remove from them if they forsook him. Covered — Not above it, for that was done by Moses's cherubim, but before it, to keep it from the eyes of the high — priest, when he entered into the most holy place.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 28:18

And for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the pattern of (i) the chariot of the cherubims, that spread out [their wings], and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD.

(i) Meaning, of the mercy seat that covered the ark, which was called the chariot, because the Lord declared himself there.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the altar:

Exodus 30:1-10 And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: [of] shittim wood shalt thou make it. ... And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it [is] most holy unto the LORD.
1 Kings 7:48 And Solomon made all the vessels that [pertained] unto the house of the LORD: the altar of gold, and the table of gold, whereupon the shewbread [was],

the chariot:

Exodus 25:18-22 And thou shalt make two cherubims [of] gold, [of] beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat. ... And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which [are] upon the ark of the testimony, of all [things] which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.
1 Samuel 4:4 So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth [between] the cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, [were] there with the ark of the covenant of God.
1 Kings 6:23-30 And within the oracle he made two cherubims [of] olive tree, [each] ten cubits high. ... And the floor of the house he overlaid with gold, within and without.
Psalms 18:10 And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: yea, he did fly upon the wings of the wind.
Psalms 68:17 The chariots of God [are] twenty thousand, [even] thousands of angels: the Lord [is] among them, [as in] Sinai, in the holy [place].
Psalms 80:1 [[To the chief Musician upon Shoshannimeduth, A Psalm of Asaph.]] Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest [between] the cherubims, shine forth.
Psalms 99:1 The LORD reigneth; let the people tremble: he sitteth [between] the cherubims; let the earth be moved.
Ezekiel 1:15-24 Now as I beheld the living creatures, behold one wheel upon the earth by the living creatures, with his four faces. ... And when they went, I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of great waters, as the voice of the Almighty, the voice of speech, as the noise of an host: when they stood, they let down their wings.
Ezekiel 10:2-22 And he spake unto the man clothed with linen, and said, Go in between the wheels, [even] under the cherub, and fill thine hand with coals of fire from between the cherubims, and scatter [them] over the city. And he went in in my sight. ... And the likeness of their faces [was] the same faces which I saw by the river of Chebar, their appearances and themselves: they went every one straight forward.
Hebrews 9:5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 25:18; 30:1. 1S 4:4. 1K 6:23; 7:48. Ps 18:10; 68:17; 80:1; 99:1. Ezk 1:15; 10:2. He 9:5.

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