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1 Chronicles 28:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch [of the temple], and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper rooms thereof, and of the inner chambers thereof, and of the place of the mercy-seat;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper chambers thereof, and of the inner parlours thereof, and of the place of the mercy seat,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then David gave to his son Solomon the plan of the porch [of the temple], its buildings, its storehouses, its upper rooms, its inner rooms and the room for the mercy seat;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses of it, and of its treasuries, and of its upper chambers, and of its inner parlors, and of the place of the mercy-seat,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of its houses, and of its treasuries, and of its upper chambers, and of its inner chambers, and of the house of the mercy-seat;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then gave David unto Solomon his son, the plan of the porch, and the recesses thereof, and the treasuries thereof, and the upper rooms thereof, and the inner chambers thereof, and the recess for the propitiatory;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And David giveth to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of its houses, and of its treasures, and of its upper chambers, and of its innermost chambers, and of the house of the atonement;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And David gave to Solomon his son a description of the porch, and of the temple, and of the treasures, and of the upper floor, and of the inner chambers, and of the house for the mercy seat,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then Dauid gaue to Solomon his sonne the paterne of the porch, and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the vpper chambers thereof, and of the inner parlours thereof, and of the place of the Mercie-seate.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And David gave Solomon his son the plan of the temple, and its buildings, and its treasuries, and its upper chambers, and the inner store-rooms, and the place of the atonement,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then Dawid gave to Shelomoh his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper chambers thereof, and of the inner parlours thereof, and of the place of the mercy seat,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to lm שְׁלֹמֹה 8010
{8010} Prime
שְׁלֹמֹה
Sh@lomoh
{shel-o-mo'}
From H7965; peaceful; Shelomoh, David's successor.
his son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the pattern 8403
{8403} Prime
תַּבְנִית
tabniyth
{tab-neeth'}
From H1129; structure; by implication a model, resemblance.
of the porch, 197
{0197} Prime
אוּלָם
'uwlam
{oo-lawm'}
From H0481 (in the sense of tying); a vestibule (as bound to the building).
and of the houses 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
thereof, and of the treasuries 1597
{1597} Prime
גַּנְזַךְ
ginzak
{ghin-zak'}
Prolonged from H1595; a treasury.
thereof, and of the upper chambers 5944
{5944} Prime
עֲלִיָּה
`aliyah
{al-ee-yaw'}
Feminine from H5927; something lofty, that is, a stair way; also a second story room (or even one on the roof); figuratively the sky.
thereof, and of the inner 6442
{6442} Prime
פְּנִימִי
p@niymiy
{pen-ee-mee'}
From H6440; interior.
parlours 2315
{2315} Prime
חֶדֶר
cheder
{kheh'-der}
From H2314; an apartment (usually literally).
thereof, and of the place 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of the mercy seat, 3727
{3727} Prime
כַּפֹּרֶת
kapporeth
{kap-po'-reth}
From H3722; a lid (used only of the cover of the sacred Ark).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 28:11

_ _ Then David gave to Solomon ... the pattern — He now put into the hands of his son and successor the plan or model of the temple, with the elevations, measurements, apartments, and chief articles of furniture, all of which were designed according to the pattern given him by divine revelation (1 Chronicles 28:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Chronicles 28:11-21

_ _ As for the general charge that David gave his son to seek God and serve him, the book of the law was, in that, his only rule, and there needed no other; but, in building the temple, David was now to give him three things: — 1. A model of the building, because it was to be such a building as neither he nor his architects ever saw. Moses had a pattern of the tabernacle shown him in the mount (Hebrews 8:5), so had David of the temple, by the immediate hand of God upon him, 1 Chronicles 28:19. It was given him in writing, probably by the ministry of an angel, or as clearly and exactly represented to his mind as if it had been in writing. But it is said (1 Chronicles 28:12), He had this pattern by the Spirit. The contrivance either of David's devotion or of Solomon's wisdom must not be trusted to in an affair of this nature. The temple must be a sacred thing and a type of Christ; there must be in it not only convenience and decency, but significancy: it was a kind of sacrament, and therefore it must not be left to man's art or invention to contrive it, but must be framed by divine institution. Christ the true temple, the church the gospel temple, and heaven the everlasting temple, are all framed according to the divine councils, and the plan laid in the divine wisdom, ordained before the world for God's glory and ours. This pattern David gave to Solomon, that he might know what to provide and might go by a certain rule. When Christ left with his disciples a charge to build his gospel church he gave them an exact model of it, ordering them to observe that, and that only, which he commanded. The particular models are here mentioned, of the porch, which was higher than the rest, like a steeple, — then the houses, both the holy place and the most holy, with the rooms adjoining, which were for treasuries, chambers, and parlours, — especially the place of the mercy-seat (1 Chronicles 28:11), — of the courts likewise, and the chambers about them, in which the dedicated things were laid up. Bishop Patrick supposes that, among other things, the tabernacle which Moses reared and all the utensils of it, which there was now no further occasion for, were laid up here, signifying that in the fulness of time all the Mosaic economy, all the rites and ceremonies of that dispensation, should be respectfully laid aside, and something better come in their room. He gave him a table of the courses of the priests, patterns of the vessels of service (1 Chronicles 28:13), and a pattern of the chariot of the cherubim, 1 Chronicles 28:18. Besides the two cherubim over the mercy-seat, there were two much larger, whose wings reached from wall to wall (1 Kings 6:23, etc.), and of these David here gave Solomon the pattern, called a chariot; for the angels are the chariots of God, Psalms 68:17. 2. Materials for the most costly of the utensils of the temple. That they might not be made any less than the patterns, he weighed out the exact quantity for each vessel both of gold and silver, 1 Chronicles 28:14. In the tabernacle there was but one golden candlestick; in the temple there were ten (1 Kings 7:49), besides silver ones, which, it is supposed, were hand-candlesticks, 1 Chronicles 28:15. In the tabernacle there was but one table; but in the temple, besides that on which the show-bread was set, there were ten others for other uses (2 Chronicles 4:8), besides silver tables; for, this house being much larger than that, it would look bare if it had not furniture proportionable. The gold for the altar of incense is particularly said to be refined gold (1 Chronicles 28:18), purer than any of the rest; for that was typical of the intercession of Christ, than which nothing is more pure and perfect. 3. Directions which way to look for help in this great undertaking. “Fear not opposition; fear not the charge, care, and trouble; fear not miscarrying in it, as in the case of Uzza; fear not the reproach of the foolish builder, that began to build and was not able to finish. Be not dismayed. (1.) God will help thee, and thou must look up to him in the first place (1 Chronicles 28:20): The Lord God, even my God, whom I have chosen and served, who has all along been present with me and prospered me, and to whom, from my own experience of his power and goodness, I recommend thee, he will be with thee, to direct, strengthen, and prosper thee; he will not fail thee nor forsake thee.” Note, We may be sure that God, who owned our fathers and carried them through the services of their day, will, in like manner, if we be faithful to him, go along with us in our day, and will never leave us, while he has any work to do in us or by us. The same that was Joshua's encouragement (Joshua 1:5), and Solomon's, is given to all believers, Hebrews 13:5. He will never leave thee, nor forsake thee. God never leaves any unless they first leave him. (2.) “Good men will help thee, 1 Chronicles 28:21. The priests and Levites will advise thee, and thou mayest consult them. Thou hast good workmen, who are both willing and skilful;” and these are two very good properties in a workman, especially in those that work at the temple. And, lastly, “The princes and the people will be so far from opposing or retarding the work that they will be wholly at thy command, every one in his place ready to further it.” Then good work is likely to go on when all parties concerned are hearty in it, and none secretly clog it, but all drive on heartily in it.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 28:11

The porch — Of the temple. The houses — The houses of the temple, namely, the holy place, and the holy of holies. Parlours — Those rooms which were made against the wall of the house round about, 1 Kings 6:5. The place — In what particular part of the holy of holies it was to be placed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
David:
He gave him an ichnograph of the building, with elevations, sections and specifications of every part; and all this he himself received by inspiration from God himself (
1 Chronicles 28:12 And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of the LORD, and of all the chambers round about, of the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the dedicated things:
and
1 Chronicles 28:19 All [this, said David], the LORD made me understand in writing by [his] hand upon me, [even] all the works of this pattern.
), just as Moses had received the plan of the tabernacle.

the pattern:

1 Chronicles 28:19 All [this, said David], the LORD made me understand in writing by [his] hand upon me, [even] all the works of this pattern.
Exodus 25:40 And look that thou make [them] after their pattern, which was shewed thee in the mount.
Exodus 26:30 And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle according to the fashion thereof which was shewed thee in the mount.
Exodus 39:42-43 According to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the children of Israel made all the work. ... And Moses did look upon all the work, and, behold, they had done it as the LORD had commanded, even so had they done it: and Moses blessed them.
2 Chronicles 3:3 Now these [are the things wherein] Solomon was instructed for the building of the house of God. The length by cubits after the first measure [was] threescore cubits, and the breadth twenty cubits.
Ezekiel 43:10-11 Thou son of man, shew the house to the house of Israel, that they may be ashamed of their iniquities: and let them measure the pattern. ... And if they be ashamed of all that they have done, shew them the form of the house, and the fashion thereof, and the goings out thereof, and the comings in thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the laws thereof: and write [it] in their sight, that they may keep the whole form thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and do them.
Hebrews 8:5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, [that] thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.

the porch:

1 Kings 6:3 And the porch before the temple of the house, twenty cubits [was] the length thereof, according to the breadth of the house; [and] ten cubits [was] the breadth thereof before the house.
2 Chronicles 3:4 And the porch that [was] in the front [of the house], the length [of it was] according to the breadth of the house, twenty cubits, and the height [was] an hundred and twenty: and he overlaid it within with pure gold.
Ezekiel 40:8-9 He measured also the porch of the gate within, one reed. ... Then measured he the porch of the gate, eight cubits; and the posts thereof, two cubits; and the porch of the gate [was] inward.
Ezekiel 40:15 And from the face of the gate of the entrance unto the face of the porch of the inner gate [were] fifty cubits.
Ezekiel 40:48-49 And he brought me to the porch of the house, and measured [each] post of the porch, five cubits on this side, and five cubits on that side: and the breadth of the gate [was] three cubits on this side, and three cubits on that side. ... The length of the porch [was] twenty cubits, and the breadth eleven cubits; and [he brought me] by the steps whereby they went up to it: and [there were] pillars by the posts, one on this side, and another on that side.

the houses:

1 Kings 6:16-20 And he built twenty cubits on the sides of the house, both the floor and the walls with boards of cedar: he even built [them] for it within, [even] for the oracle, [even] for the most holy [place]. ... And the oracle in the forepart [was] twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty cubits in the height thereof: and he overlaid it with pure gold; and [so] covered the altar [which was of] cedar.
2 Chronicles 3:5-10 And the greater house he cieled with fir tree, which he overlaid with fine gold, and set thereon palm trees and chains. ... And in the most holy house he made two cherubims of image work, and overlaid them with gold.
Ezekiel 41:13-17 So he measured the house, an hundred cubits long; and the separate place, and the building, with the walls thereof, an hundred cubits long; ... To that above the door, even unto the inner house, and without, and by all the wall round about within and without, by measure.
Hebrews 9:2-8 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein [was] the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary. ... The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing:

the treasuries:
גנזכיו, ganzakkaiv. The word גנזך, ganzach, is supposed to be not Hebrew, but Persian; in which language we have gng, ganj, a granary, a hidden treasure, and rwgng, gunjoor, and hnygng, gunjineh, a treasure, treasury, or barn. It may, however, be a Chaldee form of the Hebrew גנז, genez, (from גנז, genaz, to treasure up); the ך being merely formative, as in דך, dech, אלך, illaich, and other Chaldee words.
1 Chronicles 9:26-29 For these Levites, the four chief porters, were in [their] set office, and were over the chambers and treasuries of the house of God. ... [Some] of them also [were] appointed to oversee the vessels, and all the instruments of the sanctuary, and the fine flour, and the wine, and the oil, and the frankincense, and the spices.
1 Chronicles 26:20-27 And of the Levites, Ahijah [was] over the treasures of the house of God, and over the treasures of the dedicated things. ... Out of the spoils won in battles did they dedicate to maintain the house of the LORD.
Luke 21:1 And he looked up, and saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury.

upper chambers:

1 Kings 6:5-6 And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, [against] the walls of the house round about, [both] of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about: ... The nethermost chamber [was] five cubits broad, and the middle [was] six cubits broad, and the third [was] seven cubits broad: for without [in the wall] of the house he made narrowed rests round about, that [the beams] should not be fastened in the walls of the house.
1 Kings 6:10 And [then] he built chambers against all the house, five cubits high: and they rested on the house [with] timber of cedar.
2 Chronicles 3:9 And the weight of the nails [was] fifty shekels of gold. And he overlaid the upper chambers with gold.
Nehemiah 10:38-39 And the priest the son of Aaron shall be with the Levites, when the Levites take tithes: and the Levites shall bring up the tithe of the tithes unto the house of our God, to the chambers, into the treasure house. ... For the children of Israel and the children of Levi shall bring the offering of the corn, of the new wine, and the oil, unto the chambers, where [are] the vessels of the sanctuary, and the priests that minister, and the porters, and the singers: and we will not forsake the house of our God.
Nehemiah 13:5 And he had prepared for him a great chamber, where aforetime they laid the meat offerings, the frankincense, and the vessels, and the tithes of the corn, the new wine, and the oil, which was commanded [to be given] to the Levites, and the singers, and the porters; and the offerings of the priests.
Jeremiah 35:2 Go unto the house of the Rechabites, and speak unto them, and bring them into the house of the LORD, into one of the chambers, and give them wine to drink.
Ezekiel 41:6-11 And the side chambers [were] three, one over another, and thirty in order; and they entered into the wall which [was] of the house for the side chambers round about, that they might have hold, but they had not hold in the wall of the house. ... And the doors of the side chambers [were] toward [the place that was] left, one door toward the north, and another door toward the south: and the breadth of the place that was left [was] five cubits round about.

the place:

Exodus 25:17-22 And thou shalt make a mercy seat [of] pure gold: two cubits and a half [shall be] the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof. ... And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which [are] upon the ark of the testimony, of all [things] which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.
Exodus 40:20-21 And he took and put the testimony into the ark, and set the staves on the ark, and put the mercy seat above upon the ark: ... And he brought the ark into the tabernacle, and set up the vail of the covering, and covered the ark of the testimony; as the LORD commanded Moses.
1 Kings 6:19 And the oracle he prepared in the house within, to set there the ark of the covenant of the LORD.
2 Chronicles 5:7 And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD unto his place, to the oracle of the house, into the most holy [place, even] under the wings of the cherubims:
Hebrews 9:5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.
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Ex 25:17, 40; 26:30; 39:42; 40:20. 1K 6:3, 5, 10, 16, 19. 1Ch 9:26; 26:20; 28:12, 19. 2Ch 3:3, 4, 5, 9; 5:7. Ne 10:38; 13:5. Jr 35:2. Ezk 40:8, 15, 48; 41:6, 13; 43:10. Lk 21:1. He 8:5; 9:2, 5.

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