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1 Chronicles 27:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But David took not the number of them from twenty years old and under, because Jehovah had said he would increase Israel like to the stars of heaven.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But David took not the number of them from twenty years old and under: because the LORD had said he would increase Israel like to the stars of the heavens.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But David did not count those twenty years of age and under, because the LORD had said He would multiply Israel as the stars of heaven.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But David took not the number of them from twenty years old and under: because the LORD had said he would increase Israel like to the stars of the heavens.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And David took not their number from twenty years old and under; for Jehovah had said he would increase Israel as the stars of heaven.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But David took not the number of them, from twenty years old, and under,—because Yahweh had said, he would multiply Israel like the stars of the heavens.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And David hath not taken up their number from a son of twenty years and under, for Jehovah said to multiply Israel as the stars of the heavens.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But David would not number them from twenty years old and under: because the lord had said that he would multiply Israel like the stars of heaven.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But Dauid tooke not the number of them from twentie yeeres olde and vnder: because the LORD had said, hee would increase Israel like to the starres of the heauens.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But David took not their number from twenty years old and under: because the Lord said that he would multiply Israel as the stars of the heaven.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But Dawid took not the number of them from twenty years old and under: because Yahweh had said he would increase Yisrael like to the stars of the heavens.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
took 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
the number 4557
{4557} Prime
מִסְפָּר
micpar
{mis-pawr'}
From H5608; a number, definitely (arithmetical) or indefinitely (large, innumerable; small, a few); also (abstractly) narration.
of them from twenty y6242
[6242] Standard
עֶשְׂרִים
`esriym
{es-reem'}
From H6235; twenty; also (ordinal) twentieth.
years y8141
[8141] Standard
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
old 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x6242
(6242) Complement
עֶשְׂרִים
`esriym
{es-reem'}
From H6235; twenty; also (ordinal) twentieth.
x8141
(8141) Complement
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
and under: 4295
{4295} Prime
מַטָּה
mattah
{mat'-taw}
From H5786 with directive enclitic appended; downward, below or beneath; often adverbially with or without prefixes.
because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
had said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
he would increase 7235
{7235} Prime
רָבָה
rabah
{raw-baw'}
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
like to the stars 3556
{3556} Prime
כּוֹכָב
kowkab
{ko-kawb'}
Probably from the same as H3522 (in the sense of rolling) or H3554 (in the sense of blazing); a star (as round or as shining); figuratively a prince.
of the heavens. 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 27:23

_ _ But David took not the number of them from twenty years old and under — The census which David ordered did not extend to all the Israelites; for to contemplate such an enumeration would have been to attempt an impossibility (Genesis 28:14), and besides would have been a daring offense to God. The limitation to a certain age was what had probably quieted David’s conscience as to the lawfulness of the measure, while its expediency was strongly pressed upon his mind by the army arrangements he had in view.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 27:16-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 27:23

Because — And therefore to number them all both above and under twenty years old, had been both an infinite trouble and a tempting of God, or a questioning the truth of his promises.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
David took not:
It seems probable, from this passage, that Joab began, by David's order, to number the children, as well as adults, but was prevented from finishing the account, probably because the plague had begun. The numbering of the effective men might have been deemed a political expedient; but pride and ostentation alone could dictate the numbering of minors and infants, especially as God had pronounced the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, innumerable.

from twenty:

Numbers 1:18 And they assembled all the congregation together on the first [day] of the second month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, by their polls.

he would increase:

Genesis 15:5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.
Hebrews 11:12 Therefore sprang there even of one, and him as good as dead, [so many] as the stars of the sky in multitude, and as the sand which is by the sea shore innumerable.
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Gn 15:5. Nu 1:18. He 11:12.

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