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1 Chronicles 27:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Furthermore over the tribes of Israel: of the Reubenites was Eliezer the son of Zichri the ruler: of the Simeonites, Shephatiah the son of Maacah:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Furthermore over the tribes of Israel: the ruler of the Reubenites [was] Eliezer the son of Zichri: of the Simeonites, Shephatiah the son of Maachah:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now in charge of the tribes of Israel: chief officer for the Reubenites was Eliezer the son of Zichri; for the Simeonites, Shephatiah the son of Maacah;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Furthermore over the tribes of Israel: the ruler of the Reubenites [was] Eliezer the son of Zichri: of the Simeonites, Shephatiah the son of Maachah:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And over the tribes of Israel were: for the Reubenites Eliezer the son of Zichri was the prince; for the Simeonites, Shephatiah the son of Maachah;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Furthermore, over the tribes of Israel, the chief ruler of the Reubenites, was Eliezer, son of Zichri. Of the Simeonites, Shephatiah, son of Maacah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And over the tribes of Israel: Of the Reubenite, a leader [is] Eliezer son of Zichri; of the Simeonite, Shephatiah son of Maachah;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now the chiefs over the tribes of Israel were these: over the Rubenites, Eliezer the son of Zechri was ruler: over the Simeonites, Saphatias the son of Maacha:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Furthermore, ouer the tribes of Israel: The Ruler of the Reubenites [was] Eliezer the sonne of Zichri: of the Simeonites, Shephatiah the sonne of Maachah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And over the tribes of Israel, the chief for Reuben{gr.Ruben} [was] Eliezer the son of Zichri{gr.Zechri}: for Simeon{gr.Symeon}, Shephatiah{gr.Saphatias} the son of Maachah{gr.Maacha}:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Furthermore over the tribes of Yisrael: the ruler of the Reuvenim [was] Eliezer the son of Zikhri: of the Shimonim, Shefatyah the son of Maakhah:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Furthermore over x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the tribes 7626
{7626} Prime
שֵׁבֶט
shebet
{shay'-bet}
From an unused root probably meaning to branch off; a scion, that is, (literally) a stick (for punishing, writing, fighting, ruling, walking, etc.) or (figuratively) a clan.
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל: 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
the ruler 5057
{5057} Prime
נָגִיד
nagiyd
{naw-gheed'}
From H5046; a commander (as occupying the front), civil, military or religious; generally (abstract plural), honorable themes.
of the Rvnm רְאוּבֵנִים 7206
{7206} Prime
רְאוּבֵנִי
R@'uwbeniy
{reh-oob-ay-nee'}
Patronymic from H7205; a Reubenite or descendant of Reuben.
[was] l`ezer אֱלִיעֶזֶר 461
{0461} Prime
אֱלִיעֶזֶר
'Eliy`ezer
{el-ee-eh'-zer}
From H0410 and H5828; God of help; Eliezer, the name of a Damascene and of ten Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Zir זִכרִי: 2147
{2147} Prime
זִכְרִי
Zikriy
{zik-ree'}
From H2142; memorable; Zicri, the name of twelve Israelites.
of the im`nm שִׁמעוֹנִים, 8099
{8099} Prime
שִׁמְעֹנִי
Shim`oniy
{shim-o-nee'}
Patronymic from H8095; a Shimonite (collectively) or descendant of Shimon.
fa+y שְׁפַטיָה 8203
{8203} Prime
שְׁפַטְיָה
Sh@phatyah
{shef-at-yaw'}
From H8199 and H3050; Jah has judged; Shephatjah, the name of ten Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Ma` מַעֲכָה: 4601
{4601} Prime
מַעֲכָה
Ma`akah
{mah-ak-aw'}
From H4600; depression; Maakah (or Maakath), the name of a place in Syria, also of a Mesopotamian, of three Israelites, and of four Israelitesses and one Syrian woman.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 27:16

_ _ 1 Chronicles 27:16-24. Princes of the twelve tribes.

_ _ over the tribes of Israel: the ruler — This is a list of the hereditary chiefs or rulers of tribes at the time of David’s numbering the people. Gad and Asher are not included; for what reason is unknown. The tribe of Levi had a prince (1 Chronicles 27:17), as well as the other tribes; and although it was ecclesiastically subject to the high priest, yet in all civil matters it had a chief or head, possessed of the same authority and power as in the other tribes, only his jurisdiction did not extend to the priests.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Chronicles 27:16-34

_ _ We have here an account,

_ _ I. Of the princes of the tribes. Something of the ancient order instituted by Moses in the wilderness was still kept up, that every tribe should have its prince or chief. It is probable that it was kept up all along, either by election or by succession, in the same family; and those are here named who were found in that office when this account was taken. Elihu, or Eliab, who was prince of Judah, was the eldest son of Jesse, and descended in a right line from Nahshon and Salmon, the princes of this tribe in Moses's time. Whether these princes were of the nature of lord-lieutenants that guided them in their military affairs, or chief-justices that presided in their courts of judgment, does not appear. Their power, we may suppose, was much less now that all the tribes were united under one king than it had been when, for the most part, they acted separately. Our religion obliges us to be subject, not only to the king as supreme, but unto governors under him (1 Peter 2:13, 1 Peter 2:14), the princes that decree justice. Of Benjamin was Jaaziel the son of Abner, 1 Chronicles 27:21. Though Abner was David's enemy, and opposed his coming to the throne, yet David would not oppose the preferment of his son, but perhaps nominated him to this post of honour, which teaches us to render good for evil.

_ _ II. Of the numbering of the people, 1 Chronicles 27:23, 1 Chronicles 27:24. It is here said, 1. That when David ordered the people to be numbered he forbade the numbering of those under twenty years old, thinking thereby to save the reflection which what he did might otherwise cast upon the promise that they should be innumerable; yet it was but a poor salvo, for it had never been customary to number those under twenty, and the promise of their numbers chiefly respected the effective men. 2. That the account which David took of the people, in the pride of his heart, turned to no good account; for it was never perfected, nor done with exactness, nor was it ever recorded as an authentic account. Joab was disgusted with it, and did it by halves; David was ashamed of it, and willing it should be forgotten, because there fell wrath for it against Israel. A good man cannot, in the reflection, please himself with that which he knows God is displeased with, cannot make use of that, nor take comfort in that, which is obtained by sin.

_ _ III. Of the officers of the court. 1. The rulers of the king's substance (as they are called, 1 Chronicles 27:31), such as had the oversight and charge of the king's tillage, his vineyards, his olive-yards, his herds, his camels, his asses, his flocks. Here are no officers for state, none for sport, no master of the wardrobe, no master of the ceremonies, no master of the horse, no master of the hounds, but all for service, agreeable to the simplicity and plainness of those times. David was a great soldier, a great scholar, and a great prince, and yet a great husband of his estate, kept a great deal of ground in his own hand, and stocked it, not for pleasure, but for profit; for the king himself is served of the field, Ecclesiastes 5:9. Those magistrates that would have their subjects industrious must themselves be examples of industry and application to business. We find, however, that afterwards the poor of the land were thought good enough to be vine-dressers and husbandmen, 2 Kings 25:12. Now David put his great men to preside in these employments. 2. The attendants on the king's person. They were such as were eminent for wisdom, being designed for conversation. His uncle, who was a wise man and a scribe, not only well skilled in politics, but well read in the scriptures, was his counsellor, 1 Chronicles 27:32. Another, who no doubt excelled in learning and prudence, was tutor to his children. Ahithophel, a very cunning man, was his counsellor: but Hushai, an honest man, was his companion and confidant. It does not appear that he had many counsellors; but those he had were men of great abilities. Much of the wisdom of princes is seen in the choice of their ministry. But David, though he had all these trusty and well-beloved cousins and counsellors about him, preferred his Bible before them all. Psalms 119:24, Thy testimonies are my delight and my counsellors.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 27:16

The ruler — These were the princes of the tribes, the constant rulers of the tribes; who seem to have had a superior power to these twenty four captains, and therefore are named before them, being probably the king's chief counsellors and assistants in the great affairs of his kingdom.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 27:16

Furthermore (c) over the tribes of Israel: the ruler of the Reubenites [was] Eliezer the son of Zichri: of the Simeonites, Shephatiah the son of Maachah:

(c) Meaning besides those twelve captains.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Furthermore:
These persons, called "princes of the tribes," in
1 Chronicles 27:22 Of Dan, Azareel the son of Jeroham. These [were] the princes of the tribes of Israel.
, and
1 Chronicles 28:1 And David assembled all the princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the captains of the companies that ministered to the king by course, and the captains over the thousands, and captains over the hundreds, and the stewards over all the substance and possession of the king, and of his sons, with the officers, and with the mighty men, and with all the valiant men, unto Jerusalem.
, appear to have been civil rulers over their several tribes, and honorary men, without pay, not unlike the lords lieutenants of our counties. In this enumeration there is no mention of the tribes of Gad and Asher, probably because they were joined to the neighbouring tribes; or perhaps, the account of these has been lost from the register.
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1Ch 27:22; 28:1.

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