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1 Chronicles 26:29 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were for the outward business over Israel, for officers and judges.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons [were] for the outward business over Israel, for officers and judges.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— As for the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were [assigned] to outside duties for Israel, as officers and judges.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons [were] for the outward business over Israel, for officers and judges.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Of the Jizharites, Chenaniah and his sons were over Israel, for the outward business for officers and judges.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons, were for the outward business over Israel,—as officers, and as judges.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Of the Izharite, Chenaniah and his sons [are] for the outward work over Israel, for officers and for judges.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But Chonenias and his sons were over the Isaarites, for the business abroad over Israel to teach them and judge them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sonnes, [were] for the outward busines ouer Israel, for officers and Iudges.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For the Issaarites, Chonenia, and [his] sons [were over] the outward ministration over Israel, to record and to judge.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Of the Yitzharim, Kenanyah and his sons [were] for the outward business over Yisrael, for officers and judges.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Of the Yixhrm יִצהָרִים, 3325
{3325} Prime
יִצְהָרִי
Yitshariy
{yits-haw-ree'}
Patronymic from H3324; a Jitsharite or descendant of Jitshar.
Cnany כְּנַניָה 3663
{3663} Prime
כְּנַנְיָה
K@nanyah
{ken-an-yaw'}
From H3661 and H3050; Jah has planted; Kenanjah, an Israelite.
and his sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
[were] for the outward 2435
{2435} Prime
חִיצוֹן
chiytsown
{khee-tsone'}
From H2434; properly the (outer) wall side; hence exterior; figuratively secular (as opposed to sacred).
business 4399
{4399} Prime
מְלָאכָה
m@la'kah
{mel-aw-kaw'}
From the same as H4397; properly deputyship, that is, ministry; generally employment (never servile) or work (abstractly or concretely); also property (as the result of labor).
over x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
for officers 7860
{7860} Prime
שֹׁטֵר
shoter
{sho-tare'}
Active participle of an otherwise unused root probably meaning to write; properly a scribe, that is, (by analogy or implication) an official superintendent or magistrate.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and judges. 8199
{8199} Prime
שָׁפַט
shaphat
{shaw-fat'}
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 26:29

_ _ 1 Chronicles 26:29-32. Officers and judges.

_ _ officers and judges — The word rendered “officers” is the term which signifies scribes or secretaries, so that the Levitical class here described were magistrates, who, attended by their clerks, exercised judicial functions; there were six thousand of them (1 Chronicles 23:4), who probably acted like their brethren on the principle of rotation, and these were divided into three classes — one (1 Chronicles 26:29) for the outward business over Israel; one (1 Chronicles 26:30), consisting of seventeen hundred, for the west of Jordan “in all business of the Lord, and in the service of the king”; and the third (1 Chronicles 26:31, 1 Chronicles 26:32), consisting of twenty-seven hundred, “rulers for every matter pertaining to God, and affairs of the king.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Chronicles 26:29-32

_ _ All the offices of the house of God being well provided with Levites, we have here an account of those that were employed as officers and judges in the outward business, which must not be neglected, no, not for the temple itself. The magistracy is an ordinance of God for the good of the church as truly as the ministry is. And here we are told, 1. That the Levites were employed in the administration of justice in concurrence with the princes and elders of the several tribes, who could not be supposed to understand the law so well as the Levites, who made it their business to study it. None of those Levites who were employed in the service of the sanctuary, none of the singers or porters, were concerned in this outward business; either one was enough to engage the whole man or it was presumption to undertake both. 2. Their charge was both in all business of the Lord, and in the service of the kings, 1 Chronicles 26:30 and again 1 Chronicles 26:32. They managed the affairs of the country, as well ecclesiastical as civil, took care both of God's tithes and the king's taxes, punished offences committed immediately against God and his honour and those against the government and the public peace, guarded both against idolatry and against injustice, and took care to put the laws in execution against both. Some, it is likely, applied themselves to the affairs of religion, others to secular affairs; and so, between both, God and the king were well served. It is happy with a kingdom when its civil and sacred interests are thus interwoven and jointly minded and advanced. 3. There were more Levites employed as judges with the two tribes and a half on the other side of Jordan than with all the rest of the tribes; there were 2700; whereas as the west side of Jordan there were 1700, 1 Chronicles 26:30, 1 Chronicles 26:32. Either those remote tribes were not so well furnished as the rest with judges of their own, or because they, lying furthest from Jerusalem and on the borders of the neighbouring nations, were most in danger of being infected with idolatry, and most needed the help of Levites to prevent it. The frontiers must be well guarded. 4. This is said to be done (as were all the foregoing settlements) in the fortieth year of the reign of David (1 Chronicles 26:31), that is, the last year of his reign. We should be so much the more industrious to do good as we can see the day approaching. If we live to enjoy the fruit of our labours, grudge it not to those that shall come after us.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 26:29

Judges — Judges over the people, in the several cities and towns, to determine questions and controversies which might arise among them. And the reason why the Levites were intrusted with these matters was, because the common law of Israel, by which they had and held all their rights was no other than the law of God, whereof the priests and Levites being the established interpreters, must needs be the most proper judges of things depending thereon.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 26:29

Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons [were] for the outward business (n) over Israel, for officers and judges.

(n) Meaning of things that were out of the city.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Izharites:

1 Chronicles 26:23 Of the Amramites, [and] the Izharites, the Hebronites, [and] the Uzzielites:
1 Chronicles 23:12 The sons of Kohath; Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel, four.

the outward:

2 Chronicles 34:13 Also [they were] over the bearers of burdens, and [were] overseers of all that wrought the work in any manner of service: and of the Levites [there were] scribes, and officers, and porters.
Nehemiah 11:16 And Shabbethai and Jozabad, of the chief of the Levites, [had] the oversight of the outward business of the house of God.

officers:

1 Chronicles 23:4 Of which, twenty and four thousand [were] to set forward the work of the house of the LORD; and six thousand [were] officers and judges:
2 Chronicles 19:8-11 Moreover in Jerusalem did Jehoshaphat set of the Levites, and [of] the priests, and of the chief of the fathers of Israel, for the judgment of the LORD, and for controversies, when they returned to Jerusalem. ... And, behold, Amariah the chief priest [is] over you in all matters of the LORD; and Zebadiah the son of Ishmael, the ruler of the house of Judah, for all the king's matters: also the Levites [shall be] officers before you. Deal courageously, and the LORD shall be with the good.
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1Ch 23:4, 12; 26:23. 2Ch 19:8; 34:13. Ne 11:16.

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