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1 Chronicles 26:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And of the Levites, Ahijah was over the treasures of the house of God, and over the treasures of the dedicated things.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And of the Levites, Ahijah [was] over the treasures of the house of God, and over the treasures of the dedicated things.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The Levites, their relatives, had charge of the treasures of the house of God and of the treasures of the dedicated gifts.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And of the Levites, Ahijah [was] over the treasures of the house of God, and over the treasures of the dedicated things.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Levites: Ahijah was over the treasures of the house of God, and over the treasures of the dedicated things.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the Levites, their brethren, were over the treasuries of the house of God, even to the treasuries of hallowed things.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And of the Levites, Ahijah [is] over the treasures of the house of God, even for the treasures of the holy things.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now Achias was over the treasures of the house of God, and the holy vessels.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And of the Leuites, Ahiiah [was] ouer the treasures of the house of God, and ouer the treasures of the dedicate things.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Levites their brethren [were] over the treasures of the house of the Lord, and over the treasures of the hallowed things.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And of the Lewiyyim, Achiyyah [was] over the treasures of the house of Elohim, and over the treasures of the dedicated things.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And of the Lwiyyim לְוִיִּם, 3881
{3881} Prime
Patronymic from H3878; a Leviite or descendant of Levi.
iyy אֲחִיָּה 281
{0281} Prime
From H0251 and H3050; brother (that is, worshipper) of Jah; Achijah, the name of nine Israelites.
[was] over x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the treasures 214
{0214} Prime
From H0686; a depository.
of the house 1004
{1004} Prime
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
and over the treasures 214
{0214} Prime
From H0686; a depository.
of the dedicated things. 6944
{6944} Prime
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 26:20

_ _ 1 Chronicles 26:20-28. Levites that had charge of the treasures.

_ _ of the Levites, Ahijah — The heading of this section is altogether strange as it stands, for it looks as if the sacred historian were going to commence a new subject different from the preceding. Besides, “Ahijah, whose name occurs after” the Levites, is not mentioned in the previous lists. It is totally unknown and is introduced abruptly without further information; and lastly, Ahijah must have united in his own person those very offices of which the occupants are named in the verses that follow. The reading is incorrect. The Septuagint has this very suitable heading, “And their Levitical brethren over the treasures,” etc. [Bertheau]. The names of those who had charge of the treasure chambers at their respective wards are given, with a general description of the precious things committed to their trust. Those treasures were immense, consisting of the accumulated spoils of Israelitish victories, as well as of voluntary contributions made by David and the representatives of the people.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Chronicles 26:20-28

_ _ Observe, 1. There were treasures of the house of God. A great house cannot be well kept without stores of all manner of provisions. Much was expended daily upon the altar — flour, wine, oil, salt, fuel, besides the lamps; quantities of these were to be kept beforehand, besides the sacred vestments and utensils. These were the treasures of the house of God. And, because money answers all things, doubtless they had an abundance of it, which was received from the people's offerings, wherewith they bought in what they had occasion for. And perhaps much was laid up for an exigence. These treasures typified the plenty there is in our heavenly Father's house, enough and to spare. In Christ, the true temple, are hid treasures of wisdom and knowledge, and unsearchable riches. 2. There were treasures of dedicated things, dedicated mostly out of the spoils won in battle (1 Chronicles 26:27), as a grateful acknowledgment of the divine protection. Abraham gave Melchisedec the tenth of the spoils Hebrews 7:4. In Moses's time the officers of the army, when they returned victorious, brought of their spoils an oblation to the Lord, Numbers 31:50. Of late this pious custom had been revived; and not only Samuel and David, but Saul, and Abner, and Joab, had dedicated of their spoils to the honour and support of the house of God, 1 Chronicles 26:28. Note, The more God bestows upon us the more he expects from us in works of piety and charity. Great successes call for proportionable returns. When we look over our estates we should consider, “Here are convenient things, rich things, it may be, and fine things; but where are the dedicated things?” Men of war must honour God with their spoils. 3. These treasures had treasurers, those that were over them (1 Chronicles 26:20, 1 Chronicles 26:26), whose business it was to keep them, that neither moth nor rust might corrupt them, nor thieves break through and steal, to give out as there was occasion and to see that they were not wasted, embezzled, or alienated to the common use; and it is probable that they kept accounts of all that was brought in and how it was laid out.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 26:20

Treasures — There seem to be two different kinds of treasures, the former containing the sacred vessels and other treasures, which by God's command were appropriated to the maintenance of the house; the latter only those things which had been freely given or dedicated to God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Chronicles 26:22 The sons of Jehieli; Zetham, and Joel his brother, [which were] over the treasures of the house of the LORD.
1 Chronicles 9:26-30 For these Levites, the four chief porters, were in [their] set office, and were over the chambers and treasuries of the house of God. ... And [some] of the sons of the priests made the ointment of the spices.
1 Chronicles 22:3-4 And David prepared iron in abundance for the nails for the doors of the gates, and for the joinings; and brass in abundance without weight; ... Also cedar trees in abundance: for the Zidonians and they of Tyre brought much cedar wood to David.
1 Chronicles 22:14-16 Now, behold, in my trouble I have prepared for the house of the LORD an hundred thousand talents of gold, and a thousand thousand talents of silver; and of brass and iron without weight; for it is in abundance: timber also and stone have I prepared; and thou mayest add thereto. ... Of the gold, the silver, and the brass, and the iron, [there is] no number. Arise [therefore], and be doing, and the LORD be with thee.
1 Chronicles 28:12-19 And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of the LORD, and of all the chambers round about, of the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the dedicated things: ... All [this, said David], the LORD made me understand in writing by [his] hand upon me, [even] all the works of this pattern.
1 Chronicles 29:2-8 Now I have prepared with all my might for the house of my God the gold for [things to be made] of gold, and the silver for [things] of silver, and the brass for [things] of brass, the iron for [things] of iron, and wood for [things] of wood; onyx stones, and [stones] to be set, glistering stones, and of divers colours, and all manner of precious stones, and marble stones in abundance. ... And they with whom [precious] stones were found gave [them] to the treasure of the house of the LORD, by the hand of Jehiel the Gershonite.
1 Kings 14:26 And he took away the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house; he even took away all: and he took away all the shields of gold which Solomon had made.
1 Kings 15:18 Then Asa took all the silver and the gold [that were] left in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house, and delivered them into the hand of his servants: and king Asa sent them to Benhadad, the son of Tabrimon, the son of Hezion, king of Syria, that dwelt at Damascus, saying,
Malachi 3:10 Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that [there shall] not [be room] enough [to receive it].

dedicated things:
Heb. holy things,
1 Chronicles 26:26-28 Which Shelomith and his brethren [were] over all the treasures of the dedicated things, which David the king, and the chief fathers, the captains over thousands and hundreds, and the captains of the host, had dedicated. ... And all that Samuel the seer, and Saul the son of Kish, and Abner the son of Ner, and Joab the son of Zeruiah, had dedicated; [and] whosoever had dedicated [any thing, it was] under the hand of Shelomith, and of his brethren.
1 Chronicles 18:11 Them also king David dedicated unto the LORD, with the silver and the gold that he brought from all [these] nations; from Edom, and from Moab, and from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek.
1 Kings 7:51 So was ended all the work that king Solomon made for the house of the LORD. And Solomon brought in the things which David his father had dedicated; [even] the silver, and the gold, and the vessels, did he put among the treasures of the house of the LORD.
2 Chronicles 31:11-12 Then Hezekiah commanded to prepare chambers in the house of the LORD; and they prepared [them], ... And brought in the offerings and the tithes and the dedicated [things] faithfully: over which Cononiah the Levite [was] ruler, and Shimei his brother [was] the next.
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1K 7:51; 14:26; 15:18. 1Ch 9:26; 18:11; 22:3, 14; 26:22, 26; 28:12; 29:2. 2Ch 31:11. Mal 3:10.

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