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1 Chronicles 24:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— These likewise cast lots even as their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the heads of the fathers' [houses] of the priests and of the Levites; the fathers' [houses] of the chief even as those of his younger brother.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— These likewise cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers over against their younger brethren.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— These also cast lots just as their relatives the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the heads of the fathers’ [households] of the priests and of the Levites—the head of fathers’ [households] as well as those of his younger brother.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— These likewise cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers over against their younger brethren.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— These likewise cast lots just as their brethren the sons of Aaron before David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief fathers of the priests and Levites,—the chief fathers just as the youngest of their brethren.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Moreover, they also, cast lots along with their brethren the sons of Aaron, before David the king and Zadok and Ahimelech, and the ancestral chiefs, pertaining to the priests and to the Levites, the ancestral chief along with his younger brethren.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they cast, they also, lots over-against their brethren the sons of Aaron, before David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and heads of the fathers, for priests and for Levites; the chief father over-against his younger brother.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they also cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron before David the king, and Sadoc, and Ahimelech, and the princes of the priestly and Levitical families, both the elder and the younger. The lot divided all equally.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— These likewise cast lots ouer against their brethren the sonnes of Aaron, in the presence of Dauid the King, and Zadok and Ahimelech, and the chiefe of the fathers of the priests and Leuites, euen the principall fathers ouer against their yonger brethren.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they also received lots as their brethren the sons of Aaron before the king; Zadok{gr.Sadoc} also, and Ahimelech{gr.Achimelech}, and the chiefs of the families of the priests and of the Levites, principal heads of families, even as their younger brethren.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— These likewise cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aharon in the presence of Dawid the king, and Tzadoq, and Achimelekh, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Lewiyyim, even the principal fathers over against their younger brethren.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
These x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
likewise x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
cast 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
lots 1486
{1486} Prime
גּוֹרָל
gowral
{go-rawl'}
From an unused root meaning to be rough (as stone); properly a pebble, that is, a lot (small stones being used for that purpose); figuratively a portion or destiny (as if determined by lot).
over against 5980
{5980} Prime
לְעֻמַּתה
`ummah
{oom-maw'}
From H6004; conjunction, that is, society; mostly adverbial or prepositional (with prepositional prefix), near, beside, along with.
their brethren 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Ahrn אַהֲרֹן 175
{0175} Prime
אַהֲרֹן
'Aharown
{a-har-one'}
Of uncertain derivation; Aharon, the brother of Moses.
in the presence 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
of Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
the king, 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
and Xk צָדוֹק, 6659
{6659} Prime
צָדוֹק
Tsadowq
{tsaw-doke'}
From H6663; just; Tsadok, the name of eight or nine Israelites.
and mele אֲחִימֶלֶך, 288
{0288} Prime
אֲחִימֶלֶךְ
'Achiymelek
{akh-ee-meh'-lek}
From H0251 and H4428; brother of (the) king; Achimelek, the name of an Israelite and of a Hittite.
and the chief 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
of the fathers 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
of the priests 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
and Lwiyyim לְוִיִּם, 3881
{3881} Prime
לֵוִיִי
Leviyiy
{lay-vee-ee'}
Patronymic from H3878; a Leviite or descendant of Levi.
even the principal 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
fathers 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
over against 5980
{5980} Prime
לְעֻמַּתה
`ummah
{oom-maw'}
From H6004; conjunction, that is, society; mostly adverbial or prepositional (with prepositional prefix), near, beside, along with.
their younger 6996
{6996} Prime
קָטָן
qatan
{kaw-tawn'}
From H6962; abbreviated, that is, diminutive, literally (in quantity, size or number) or figuratively (in age or importance).
brethren. 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 24:20-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 24:31

Over against — Answerable for number and order to those of the priests, so that there should be a course of the Levites for each course of the priests.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 24:31

These likewise cast (f) lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers over against their younger brethren.

(f) That is, every one had that honour which fell to him by lot.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
lots:

1 Chronicles 24:5-6 Thus were they divided by lot, one sort with another; for the governors of the sanctuary, and governors [of the house] of God, were of the sons of Eleazar, and of the sons of Ithamar. ... And Shemaiah the son of Nethaneel the scribe, [one] of the Levites, wrote them before the king, and the princes, and Zadok the priest, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, and [before] the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites: one principal household being taken for Eleazar, and [one] taken for Ithamar.
Numbers 26:56 According to the lot shall the possession thereof be divided between many and few.

even the principal:
The whole company being ranged according to their families, with the proper number of divisions, the order of their courses was assigned them by lot, without respect to rank or seniority.
1 Chronicles 25:8 And they cast lots, ward against [ward], as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.
1 Chronicles 26:13 And they cast lots, as well the small as the great, according to the house of their fathers, for every gate.
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Nu 26:56. 1Ch 24:5; 25:8; 26:13.

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