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1 Chronicles 24:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And David with Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, divided them according to their ordering in their service.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And David distributed them, both Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, according to their offices in their service.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— David, with Zadok of the sons of Eleazar and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, divided them according to their offices for their ministry.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And David distributed them, both Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, according to their offices in their service.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And David distributed them, both Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, according to their office in their service.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and David apportioned to them courses, both to Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, and to Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar,—by their appointed place in their service.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And David distributeth them, and Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, according to their office in their service;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And David distributed them, that is, Sadoc of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, according to their courses and ministry.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Dauid distributed them, both Zadok of the sonnes of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sonnes of Ithamar, according to their offices in their seruice.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And David distributed them, even Zadok{gr.Sadoc} of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech{gr.Achimelech} of the sons of Ithamar, according to their numbering, according to their service, according to the houses of their fathers.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Dawid distributed them, both Tzadoq of the sons of Elazar, and Achimelekh of the sons of Ithamar, according to their offices in their service.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
distributed 2505
{2505} Prime
חָלַק
chalaq
{khaw-lak'}
A primitive root; to be smooth (figuratively); by implication (as smooth stones were used for lots) to apportion or separate.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
them, both Xk צָדוֹק 6659
{6659} Prime
צָדוֹק
Tsadowq
{tsaw-doke'}
From H6663; just; Tsadok, the name of eight or nine Israelites.
of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of El`zr אֶלעָזָר, 499
{0499} Prime
אֶלְעָזָר
'El`azar
{el-aw-zawr'}
From H0410 and H5826; God (is) helper; Elazar, the name of seven Israelites.
and mele אֲחִימֶלֶך 288
{0288} Prime
אֲחִימֶלֶךְ
'Achiymelek
{akh-ee-meh'-lek}
From H0251 and H4428; brother of (the) king; Achimelek, the name of an Israelite and of a Hittite.
of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of αmr אִיתָמָר, 385
{0385} Prime
אִיתָמָר
'Iythamar
{eeth-aw-mawr'}
From H0339 and H8558; coast of the palm tree; Ithamar, a son of Aaron.
according to their offices 6486
{6486} Prime
פְּקֻדָּה
p@quddah
{pek-ood-daw'}
Feminine passive participle of H6485; visitation (in many senses, chiefly official).
in their service. 5656
{5656} Prime
עֲבֹדָה
`abodah
{ab-o-daw'}
From H5647; work of any kind.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 24:3

_ _ Zadok ... and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar — This statement, taken in connection with 1 Chronicles 24:6, is not a little perplexing, since (2 Samuel 15:24, 2 Samuel 15:35; 2 Samuel 20:25) Abiathar is mentioned as the person conjoined in David’s time with Zadok, in the collegiate exercise of the high priesthood. Some think that the words have been transposed, reading Abiathar, the son of Ahimelech. But there is no ground for regarding the text as faulty. The high priests of the line of Ithamar were the following: Ahiah or Ahimelech, his son Abiathar, his son Ahimelech. We frequently find the grandfather and grandson called by the same name (see list of high priests of the line of Eleazar, 1 Chronicles 6:30-41). Hence the author of the Chronicles was acquainted with Ahimelech, son of Abiathar, who, for some reason, discharged the duties of high priest in David’s reign, and during the lifetime of his father (for Abiathar was living in the time of Solomon, 1 Kings 2:27) [Keil].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 24:1-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 24:3

Distributed — Allotting to each of them several times, wherein they should by turns have the government of holy ministrations.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Zadok:

1 Chronicles 24:6 And Shemaiah the son of Nethaneel the scribe, [one] of the Levites, wrote them before the king, and the princes, and Zadok the priest, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, and [before] the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites: one principal household being taken for Eleazar, and [one] taken for Ithamar.
1 Chronicles 24:31 These likewise cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers over against their younger brethren.
1 Chronicles 6:4-8 Eleazar begat Phinehas, Phinehas begat Abishua, ... And Ahitub begat Zadok, and Zadok begat Ahimaaz,
1 Chronicles 6:50-53 And these [are] the sons of Aaron; Eleazar his son, Phinehas his son, Abishua his son, ... Zadok his son, Ahimaaz his son.
1 Chronicles 12:27-28 And Jehoiada [was] the leader of the Aaronites, and with him [were] three thousand and seven hundred; ... And Zadok, a young man mighty of valour, and of his father's house twenty and two captains.
1 Chronicles 15:11 And David called for Zadok and Abiathar the priests, and for the Levites, for Uriel, Asaiah, and Joel, Shemaiah, and Eliel, and Amminadab,
1 Chronicles 16:39 And Zadok the priest, and his brethren the priests, before the tabernacle of the LORD in the high place that [was] at Gibeon,
2 Samuel 20:25 And Sheva [was] scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar [were] the priests:
1 Kings 2:35 And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar.

Ahimelech:
This was Abiathar, who appears to have had the name of Ahimelech, as well as his father.
1 Samuel 21:1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why [art] thou alone, and no man with thee?
1 Samuel 22:9-23 Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over the servants of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. ... Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life: but with me thou [shalt be] in safeguard.
2 Samuel 8:17 And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, [were] the priests; and Seraiah [was] the scribe;
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1S 21:1; 22:9. 2S 8:17; 20:25. 1K 2:35. 1Ch 6:4, 50; 12:27; 15:11; 16:39; 24:6, 31.

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