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1 Chronicles 23:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the Levites were numbered from thirty years old and upward: and their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and upward: and their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The Levites were numbered from thirty years old and upward, and their number by census of men was 38,000.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and upward: and their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Levites were numbered from thirty years old and upward; and their number, by their polls, man by man, was thirty-eight thousand.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now the Levites were numbered, from thirty years old and upwards,—and their number by their polls, of mature men, was thirty-eight thousand.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the Levites are numbered from a son of thirty years and upward, and their number, by their polls, is of mighty men thirty and eight thousand.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years, and upwards: and there were found of them thirty-eight thousand men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now the Leuites were numbred from the age of thirtie yeeres and vpward: and their number, by their polles, man by man, was thirtie and eight thousand.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Levites numbered [themselves] from thirty years old and upward; and their number by their polls amounted to thirty and eight thousand men.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now the Lewiyyim were numbered from the age of thirty years and upward: and their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now the Lĉwiyyim לְוִיִּם 3881
{3881} Prime
לֵוִיִי
Leviyiy
{lay-vee-ee'}
Patronymic from H3878; a Leviite or descendant of Levi.
were numbered 5608
{5608} Prime
סָפַר
caphar
{saw-far'}
A primitive root; properly to score with a mark as a tally or record, that is, (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively to recount, that is, celebrate.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
from the age 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of thirty 7970
{7970} Prime
שְׁלוֹשִׁים
sh@lowshiym
{shel-o-sheem'}
Multiple of H7969; thirty; or (ordinal) thirtieth.
years 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
and upward: 4605
{4605} Prime
מַעַל
ma`al
{mah'-al}
From H5927; properly the upper part, used only adverbially with prefix upward, above, overhead, from the top, etc.
and their number 4557
{4557} Prime
מִסְפָּר
micpar
{mis-pawr'}
From H5608; a number, definitely (arithmetical) or indefinitely (large, innumerable; small, a few); also (abstractly) narration.
by their polls, 1538
{1538} Prime
גֻּלְגֹּלֶת
gulgoleth
{gul-go'-leth}
By reduplication from H1556; a skull (as round); by implication a head (in enumeration of persons).
man by man, 1397
{1397} Prime
גֶּבֶר
geber
{gheh'-ber}
From H1396; properly a valiant man or warrior; generally a person simply.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
thirty 7970
{7970} Prime
שְׁלוֹשִׁים
sh@lowshiym
{shel-o-sheem'}
Multiple of H7969; thirty; or (ordinal) thirtieth.
and eight 8083
{8083} Prime
שְׁמֹנֶה
sh@moneh
{shem-o-neh'}
Apparently from H8082 through the idea of plumpness; a cardinal number, eight (as if a surplus above the 'perfect' seven); also (as ordinal) eighth.
thousand. 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 23:3

_ _ the Levites were numbered ... thirty and eight thousand — Four times their number at the early census taken by Moses (see on Numbers 4:1-49; see on Numbers 26:1-51). It was, in all likelihood, this vast increase that suggested and rendered expedient that classification, made in the last year of David’s reign, which the present and three subsequent chapters describe.

_ _ by their polls, man by man — Women and children were not included.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 23:1-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 23:3

Upwards — Not only 'till fifty, as it was appointed, Numbers 4:2-3, but even 'till their death: for that was but a temporary law grounded upon a special reason, because the Levites were employed in carrying the tabernacle and sacred vessels from place to place; and therefore God would have them freed from those burdens when they came to feel the infirmities of age: which reason wholly ceasing upon the building of the temple, their work being far easier than it had been, and their service being more a privilege than a burden, their time of service is justly prolonged.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the Levites:

Numbers 4:2-3 Take the sum of the sons of Kohath from among the sons of Levi, after their families, by the house of their fathers, ... From thirty years old and upward even until fifty years old, all that enter into the host, to do the work in the tabernacle of the congregation.
Numbers 4:23 From thirty years old and upward until fifty years old shalt thou number them; all that enter in to perform the service, to do the work in the tabernacle of the congregation.
Numbers 4:30 From thirty years old and upward even unto fifty years old shalt thou number them, every one that entereth into the service, to do the work of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Numbers 4:35 From thirty years old and upward even unto fifty years old, every one that entereth into the service, for the work in the tabernacle of the congregation:
Numbers 4:43 From thirty years old and upward even unto fifty years old, every one that entereth into the service, for the work in the tabernacle of the congregation,
Numbers 4:47 From thirty years old and upward even unto fifty years old, every one that came to do the service of the ministry, and the service of the burden in the tabernacle of the congregation,

thirty and eight:

Numbers 4:48 Even those that were numbered of them, were eight thousand and five hundred and fourscore.
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Nu 4:2, 23, 30, 35, 43, 47, 48.

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