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1 Chronicles 21:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But Levi and Benjamin counted he not among them; for the king's word was abominable to Joab.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But Levi and Benjamin counted he not among them: for the king's word was abominable to Joab.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But he did not number Levi and Benjamin among them, for the king’s command was abhorrent to Joab.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But Levi and Benjamin he counted not among them: for the king's word was abominable to Joab.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But Levi and Benjamin he did not count among them; for the king's word was abominable to Joab.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, Levi and Benjamin, counted he not among them,—for detestable was the word of the king unto Joab.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Levi and Benjamin he hath not numbered in their midst, for the word of the king was abominable with Joab.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But Levi and Benjamin he did not number: for Joab unwillingly executed the king's orders.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But Leui and Beniamin counted hee not among them: for the kings word was abominable to Ioab.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But he numbered not Levi and Benjamin among them; for the word of the king was painful to Joab.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But Lewi and Binyamin counted he not among them: for the king's word was abominable to Yoav.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But Lw לֵוִי 3878
{3878} Prime
From H3867; attached; Levi, a son of Jacob.
and Binymn בִּניָמִין 1144
{1144} Prime
From H1121 and H3225; son of (the) right hand; Binjamin, youngest son of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
counted 6485
{6485} Prime
A primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
he not x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
among 8432
{8432} Prime
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
them: for x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the king's 4428
{4428} Prime
From H4427; a king.
word 1697
{1697} Prime
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
was abominable 8581
{8581} Prime
A primitive root; to loathe, that is, (morally) detest.
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
to x853
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yv יוֹאָב. 3097
{3097} Prime
From H3068 and H0001; Jehovah-fathered; Joab, the name of three Israelites.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 21:6

_ _ Levi and Benjamin counted he not — If this census was ordered with a view to the imposition of taxes, this alone would account for Levi, who were not warriors (1 Chronicles 21:5), not being numbered (see on Numbers 1:47-54). The population of Benjamin had been taken (see on 1 Chronicles 7:6-11), and the register preserved in the archives of that tribe. This, however, was taken on another occasion, and by other agency than that of Joab. The non-numbering of these two tribes might have originated in the special and gracious providence of God, partly because Levi was devoted to His service, and Benjamin had become the least of all the tribes (Judges 21:1-25); and partly because God foresaw that they would remain faithful to the house of David in the division of the tribes, and therefore He would not have them diminished [Poole]. From the course followed in this survey (see 2 Samuel 24:4-8), it would appear that Judah and Benjamin were the last tribes that were to be visited; and that, after the census in Judah had been finished, Joab, before entering on that of Benjamin, had to return to Jerusalem, where the king, now sensible of his great error, gave orders to stop all further proceedings in the business. Not only the remonstrance of Joab at the first, but his slow progress in the survey (2 Samuel 24:8) showed the strong repugnance and even horror of the old general at this unconstitutional measure.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 21:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 21:6

Counted not — Partly for the following reason; and principally by God's gracious providence to Levi, because they were devoted to his service; and to Benjamin, because they were the least of all the tribes, having been almost extinct, Judges 21:6, and because God foresaw that they would be faithful to the house of David in the division of the tribes, and therefore he would not have them diminished. And Joab also presumed to leave these two tribes unnumbered, because he had specious pretences for it; for Levi, because they were no warriors, and the king's command reached only of those that drew sword. And for Benjamin, because they, being so small a tribe, and bordering upon Jerusalem, might easily be numbered afterward.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Numbers 1:47-49 But the Levites after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among them. ... Only thou shalt not number the tribe of Levi, neither take the sum of them among the children of Israel:


2 Samuel 3:27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth [rib], that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.
2 Samuel 11:15-21 And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die. ... Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.
2 Samuel 20:9-10 And Joab said to Amasa, [Art] thou in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him. ... But Amasa took no heed to the sword that [was] in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth [rib], and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.
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Nu 1:47. 2S 3:27; 11:15; 20:9.

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