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1 Chronicles 2:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the sons of Zerah: Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara; five of them in all.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The sons of Zerah [were] Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Calcol and Dara; five of them in all.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the sons of Zerah: Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the sons of Zerah, Zimri and Ethan, and Heman and Calcol and Dara, all of them, five.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And sons of Zerah: Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara; all of them five.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the sons also of Zare: Zamri, and Ethan, and Eman, and Chalchal, and Dara, five in all.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the sonnes of Zerah: Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara. Fiue of them in all.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the sons of Zerah{gr.Zara}, Zimri{gr.Zambri}, and Aetham, and Aemuan, and Calchal, and Darad, [in] all five.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the sons of Zerach; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Kalkol, and Dara: five of them in all.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Zera זֶרַח; 2226
{2226} Prime
זֶרַח
Zerach
{zeh'-rakh}
The same as H2225; Zerach, the name of three Israelites, also of an Idumaean and an Ethiopian prince.
Zimr זִמרִי, 2174
{2174} Prime
זִמְרִי
Zimriy
{zim-ree'}
From H2167; musical; Zimri, the name of five Israelites, and of an Arabian tribe.
and ʱn אֵיתָן, 387
{0387} Prime
אֵיתָן
'Eythan
{ay-thawn'}
The same as H0386; permanent; Ethan, the name of four Israelites.
and Hmn הֵימָן, 1968
{1968} Prime
הֵימָן
Heyman
{hay-mawn'}
Probably from H0530; faithful; Heman, the name of at least two Israelites.
and Calcl כַּלכֹּל, 3633
{3633} Prime
כַּלְכֹּל
Kalkol
{kal-kole'}
From H3557; sustenance; Calcol, an Israelite.
and Dra` דָּרַע: 1873
{1873} Prime
דָּרַע
Dara`
{daw-rah'}
Probably contracted from H1862; Dara, an Israelite.
five 2568
{2568} Prime
חָמֵשׁ
chamesh
{khaw-maysh'}
A primitive numeral; five.
of them in all. x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 2:6

_ _ Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara — These five are here stated to be the sons of Zerah, that is, of Ezra, whence they were called Ezrahites (1 Kings 4:31). In that passage they are called “the sons of Mahol,” which, however, is to be taken not as a proper name, but appellatively for “sons of music, dancing,” etc. The traditional fame of their great sagacity and acquirements had descended to the time of Solomon and formed a standard of comparison for showing the superior wisdom of that monarch. Jewish writers say that they were looked up to as prophets by their countrymen during the abode in Egypt.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 2:1-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 2:6

Dara — If these be the same who are mentioned as the sons of Machol, 1 Kings 4:31, either the same man had two names, Zerah and Machol, as was usual among the Hebrews: or, one of these was their immediate father, and the other their grand — father. These are named, because they were the glory of their father's house. When the Holy Ghost would magnify the wisdom of Solomon, he saith, he was wiser than these four men. That four brothers should be so eminent, was a rare thing.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 2:6

And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and (b) Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.

(b) Of these read (1 Kings 4:31).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Zimri:
i.e. snug; my song; my field, [Strong's H2174].
1 Chronicles 2:6 And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.
1 Chronicles 8:36 And Ahaz begat Jehoadah; and Jehoadah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza,
1 Chronicles 9:42 And Ahaz begat Jarah; and Jarah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza;
Numbers 25:14 Now the name of the Israelite that was slain, [even] that was slain with the Midianitish woman, [was] Zimri, the son of Salu, a prince of a chief house among the Simeonites.
1 Kings 16:9-10 And his servant Zimri, captain of half [his] chariots, conspired against him, as he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza steward of [his] house in Tirzah. ... And Zimri went in and smote him, and killed him, in the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 16:12 Thus did Zimri destroy all the house of Baasha, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake against Baasha by Jehu the prophet,
1 Kings 16:15-16 In the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah. And the people [were] encamped against Gibbethon, which [belonged] to the Philistines. ... And the people [that were] encamped heard say, Zimri hath conspired, and hath also slain the king: wherefore all Israel made Omri, the captain of the host, king over Israel that day in the camp.
1 Kings 16:18 And it came to pass, when Zimri saw that the city was taken, that he went into the palace of the king's house, and burnt the king's house over him with fire, and died,
1 Kings 16:20 Now the rest of the acts of Zimri, and his treason that he wrought, [are] they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
2 Kings 9:31 And as Jehu entered in at the gate, she said, [Had] Zimri peace, who slew his master?
Jeremiah 25:25 And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes,

Ethan:
i.e. perennial, constant; ancient, [Strong's H0387].
1 Chronicles 2:6 And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.
1 Chronicles 2:8 And the sons of Ethan; Azariah.
1 Chronicles 6:42 The son of Ethan, the son of Zimmah, the son of Shimei,
1 Chronicles 6:44 And their brethren the sons of Merari [stood] on the left hand: Ethan the son of Kishi, the son of Abdi, the son of Malluch,
1 Chronicles 15:17 So the Levites appointed Heman the son of Joel; and of his brethren, Asaph the son of Berechiah; and of the sons of Merari their brethren, Ethan the son of Kushaiah;
1 Chronicles 15:19 So the singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, [were appointed] to sound with cymbals of brass;
1 Kings 4:31 For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about.
Psalms 89:1 [[Maschil of Ethan the Ezrahite.]] I will sing of the mercies of the LORD for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.
*title

Heman:
i.e. faithful, [Strong's H1968],
1 Chronicles 2:6 And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.
1 Chronicles 6:33 And these [are] they that waited with their children. Of the sons of the Kohathites: Heman a singer, the son of Joel, the son of Shemuel,
1 Chronicles 15:17 So the Levites appointed Heman the son of Joel; and of his brethren, Asaph the son of Berechiah; and of the sons of Merari their brethren, Ethan the son of Kushaiah;
1 Chronicles 15:19 So the singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, [were appointed] to sound with cymbals of brass;
1 Chronicles 16:41-42 And with them Heman and Jeduthun, and the rest that were chosen, who were expressed by name, to give thanks to the LORD, because his mercy [endureth] for ever; ... And with them Heman and Jeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for those that should make a sound, and with musical instruments of God. And the sons of Jeduthun [were] porters.
1 Chronicles 25:1 Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen according to their service was:
1 Chronicles 25:4-5 Of Heman: the sons of Heman; Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, and Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, and Romamtiezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, [and] Mahazioth: ... All these [were] the sons of Heman the king's seer in the words of God, to lift up the horn. And God gave to Heman fourteen sons and three daughters.
1 Chronicles 25:6 All these [were] under the hands of their father for song [in] the house of the LORD, with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, for the service of the house of God, according to the king's order to Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman.
1 Kings 4:31 For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about.
2 Chronicles 5:12 Also the Levites [which were] the singers, all of them of Asaph, of Heman, of Jeduthun, with their sons and their brethren, [being] arrayed in white linen, having cymbals and psalteries and harps, stood at the east end of the altar, and with them an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets:)
2 Chronicles 29:14 And of the sons of Heman; Jehiel, and Shimei: and of the sons of Jeduthun; Shemaiah, and Uzziel.
2 Chronicles 35:15 And the singers the sons of Asaph [were] in their place, according to the commandment of David, and Asaph, and Heman, and Jeduthun the king's seer; and the porters [waited] at every gate; they might not depart from their service; for their brethren the Levites prepared for them.
Psalms 88:1 [[A Song [or] Psalm for the sons of Korah, to the chief Musician upon Mahalath Leannoth, Maschil of Heman the Ezrahite.]] O LORD God of my salvation, I have cried day [and] night before thee:
*title

Calcol:
i.e. sustenance; comprehended, [Strong's H3633].
1 Kings 4:31 For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about.

Dara:
i.e. pearl of wisdom, [Strong's H1873], Darda, דרדע [Strong's H1862], is here called Dara, דרע [Strong's H1873], by the elision of a ד, daleth, Darda
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Nu 25:14. 1K 4:31; 16:9, 12, 15, 18, 20. 2K 9:31. 1Ch 2:6, 8; 6:33, 42, 44; 8:36; 9:42; 15:17, 19; 16:41; 25:1, 4, 6. 2Ch 5:12; 29:14; 35:15. Ps 88:1; 89:1. Jr 25:25.

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