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1 Chronicles 2:55 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the families of scribes that dwelt at Jabez: the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, the Sucathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hammath, the father of the house of Rechab.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, [and] Suchathites. These [are] the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The families of scribes who lived at Jabez [were] the Tirathites, the Shimeathites [and] the Sucathites. Those are the Kenites who came from Hammath, the father of the house of Rechab.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the families of the scribes who dwelt at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, [and] Suchathites. These [are] the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the families of the scribes who dwelt at Jabez: the Tireathites, the Shimeathites, the Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hammath, the father of the house of Rechab.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and the families of scribes who dwelt at Jabez, the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, the Sucathites. The same, are the Kenites who came in from Hammath, father of the house of Rechab.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the families of the scribes the inhabitants of Jabez: Tirathites, Shimeathites, Suchathites. They [are] the Kenites, those coming of Hammath father of the house of Rechab.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the families of the scribes that dwell in Jabes, singing and making melody, and abiding in tents. These are the Cinites, who came of Calor (Chamath) father of the house of Rechab.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the families of the Scribes, which dwelt at Iabez: the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, [and] Suchathites. These [are] the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The families of the scribes dwelling in Jabesh{gr.Jabis}; Thargathiim, and Samathiim, and Sochathim, these [are] the Kinaeans that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Yabetz; the Tirathim, the Shimathim, [and] Sukhathim. These [are] the Qenim that came of Chamath, the father of the house of Rekhav.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the families 4940
{4940} Prime
מִשְׁפָּחָה
mishpachah
{mish-paw-khaw'}
From H8192 (compare H8198); a family, that is, circle of relatives; figuratively a class (of persons), a species (of animals) or sort (of things); by extension a tribe or people.
of the scribes 5608
{5608} Prime
סָפַר
caphar
{saw-far'}
A primitive root; properly to score with a mark as a tally or record, that is, (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively to recount, that is, celebrate.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
which dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
at Ya`bx יַעבֵּץ; 3258
{3258} Prime
יַעְבֵּץ
Ya`bets
{yah-bates'}
From an unused root probably meaning to grieve; sorrowful; Jabets, the name of an Israelite, and also of a place in Palestine.
the Tir`m תִּרעָתִים, 8654
{8654} Prime
תִּרְעָתִי
Tir`athiy
{teer-aw-thee'}
Patrial from an unused name meaning gate; a Tirathite or inhabitant of an unknown Tirah.
the im`m שִׁמעָתִים, 8101
{8101} Prime
שִׁמְעָתִי
Shim`athiy
{shim-aw-thee'}
Patronymic from H8093; a Shimathite (collectively) or descendant of Shimah.
[and] m שׂוּכָתִים. 7756
{7756} Prime
שׂוּכָתִים
Suwkathiy
{soo-kaw-thee'}
Probably patronymic from a name corresponding to H7754 (feminine); a Sukathite or descendant of an unknown Israelite named Sukah.
These 1992
{1992} Prime
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
[are] the Knm קֵינִים 7017
{7017} Prime
קֵינִי
Qeyniy
{kay-nee'}
Patronymic from H7014; a Kenite or member of the tribe of Kajin.
that came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of m חֲמָת, y2574
[2574] Standard
חֲמָת
Chamath
{kham-awth'}
From the same as H2346; walled; Chamath, a place in Syria.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x2575
(2575) Complement
חַמַּת
Chammath
{klam-math'}
A variation for the first part of H2576; hot springs; Chammath, a place in Palestine.
the father 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
of the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Rv רֵכָב. 7394
{7394} Prime
רֵכָב
Rekab
{ray-kawb'}
From H7392; rider; Rekab, the name of two Arabs and of two Israelites.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 2:55

_ _ the families of the scribes — either civil or ecclesiastical officers of the Kenite origin, who are here classed with the tribe of Judah, not as being descended from it, but as dwelling within its territory, and in a measure incorporated with its people.

_ _ Jabez — a place in Judah (1 Chronicles 4:9).

_ _ Kenites that came of Hemath — who settled in Judah, and were thus distinguished from another division of the Kenite clan which dwelt in Manasseh (Judges 4:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 2:18-55.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 2:55

Scribes — Either civil, who were public notaries, that wrote and signed legal instruments: or ecclesiastical. And these were either Levites, or Simeonites, or rather Kenites, and are here mentioned not as if they were of the tribe of Judah, but because they dwelt among them, and probably were allied to them by marriages, and so in a manner incorporated with them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 2:55

And the families of the (o) scribes which dwelt at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, [and] Suchathites. These [are] the (p) Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab.

(o) Who were men learned and expert in the law.

(p) Read (Numbers 10:29; Judges 1:16).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the scribes:

Ezra 7:6 This Ezra went up from Babylon; and he [was] a ready scribe in the law of Moses, which the LORD God of Israel had given: and the king granted him all his request, according to the hand of the LORD his God upon him.
Jeremiah 8:8 How do ye say, We [are] wise, and the law of the LORD [is] with us? Lo, certainly in vain made he [it]; the pen of the scribes [is] in vain.

Jabez:

1 Chronicles 4:9-10 And Jabez was more honourable than his brethren: and his mother called his name Jabez, saying, Because I bare him with sorrow. ... And Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, Oh that thou wouldest bless me indeed, and enlarge my coast, and that thine hand might be with me, and that thou wouldest keep [me] from evil, that it may not grieve me! And God granted him that which he requested.

Kenites:

Judges 1:16 And the children of the Kenite, Moses' father in law, went up out of the city of palm trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which [lieth] in the south of Arad; and they went and dwelt among the people.
Judges 4:11 Now Heber the Kenite, [which was] of the children of Hobab the father in law of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent unto the plain of Zaanaim, which [is] by Kedesh.
1 Samuel 15:6 And Saul said unto the Kenites, Go, depart, get you down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them: for ye shewed kindness to all the children of Israel, when they came up out of Egypt. So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites.

Rechab:

2 Kings 10:15 And when he was departed thence, he lighted on Jehonadab the son of Rechab [coming] to meet him: and he saluted him, and said to him, Is thine heart right, as my heart [is] with thy heart? And Jehonadab answered, It is. If it be, give [me] thine hand. And he gave [him] his hand; and he took him up to him into the chariot.
Jeremiah 35:2-8 Go unto the house of the Rechabites, and speak unto them, and bring them into the house of the LORD, into one of the chambers, and give them wine to drink. ... Thus have we obeyed the voice of Jonadab the son of Rechab our father in all that he hath charged us, to drink no wine all our days, we, our wives, our sons, nor our daughters;
Jeremiah 35:19 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Jonadab the son of Rechab shall not want a man to stand before me for ever.
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Jg 1:16; 4:11. 1S 15:6. 2K 10:15. 1Ch 4:9. Ezr 7:6. Jr 8:8; 35:2, 19.

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User-Posted Comments on 1 Chronicles 2:55


The Kenites were the Sinites (Gen 10:17-18). The name was changed to Cinite, then misread to Kenite.
- David (6/7/2015 1:58:00 PM)
This verse stands out among the first few genealogical chapters in 1 Chronicles. The families of scribes (Kenites) cannot be patrilineally traced to any of the other individuals here listed; nevertheless, they are counted among the sons of Judah.

The Hebrew expression "from Hammath, father of the house of Rechab" is particularly difficult. On the one hand, many have suggested 'Hammath' is a place-name, but the reading also suggests he is a person (i.e. father of the Rechabites).

This is likely a reference to the Rechabite scribes (also formerly known as Gibeonites & Hivites), who descend from Hammath, the son of Canaan, the son of Ham, the son of Noah. That they are Kenites (lit. "sons of Cain") has lead many to speculate that these Canaanite scribes trace their genealogy matrilineally back to the mysteriously unexplained reference to "Naamah" (the "sister of Tubal-Cain) in Genesis chapter 4. (Thus, by marital relationship or some other means the race of Cain has survived the Great Flood.)
- A Bible Student (2/14/2014 11:53:09 PM)
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