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1 Chronicles 2:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The sons of Judah: Er, and Onan, and Shelah; which three were born unto him of Shua's daughter the Canaanitess. And Er, Judah's first-born, was wicked in the sight of Jehovah; and he slew him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah: [which] three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the sight of the LORD; and he slew him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The sons of Judah [were] Er, Onan and Shelah; [these] three were born to him by Bath-shua the Canaanitess. And Er, Judah’s firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the LORD, so He put him to death.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah: [which] three were born to him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the first-born of Judah, was evil in the sight of the LORD; and he slew him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The sons of Judah: Er, and Onan, and Shelah: [which] three were born to him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the sight of Jehovah; and he slew him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— the sons of Judah, Er, and Onan, and Shelah, the three born to him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess,—but Er the firstborn of Judah became wicked in the eyes of Yahweh, and he slew him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Sons of Judah: Er, and Onan, and Shelah, three have been born to him of a daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, first-born of Judah, is evil in the eyes of Jehovah, and He putteth him to death.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The sons of Juda: Her, Onan and Sela. These three were born to him of the Chanaanitess the daughter of Sue. And Her the firstborn of Juda, was wicked in the sight of the Lord, and he slew him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The sonnes of Iudah: Er, and Onan, and Shelah. [Which] three were borne vnto him, of the daughter of Shua the Canaanites. And Er the first-borne of Iudah, was euill in the sight of the LORD, and he slue him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The sons of Judah{gr.Juda}; Er, Onon{gr.Aunan}, Shelah{gr.Selom}. [These] three were born to him of the daughter of Sava the Canaanitish{gr.Chananitish} woman: and Er, the first-born of Judah{gr.Juda}, [was] wicked before the Lord, and he slew him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The sons of Yehudah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah: [which] three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua the Kenaanith. And Er, the firstborn of Yehudah, was evil in the sight of Yahweh; and he slew him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yh יְהוּדָה; 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
`r עֵר, 6147
{6147} Prime
עֵר
`Er
{ayr}
From H5782; watchful; Er, the name of two Israelites.
and nn אוֹנָן, 209
{0209} Prime
אוֹנָן
'Ownan
{o-nawn'}
A variation of H0207; strong; Onan, a son of Judah.
and l שֵׁלָה: 7956
{7956} Prime
שֵׁלָה
Shelah
{shay-law'}
The same as H7596 (shortened); request; Shelah, the name of a postdiluvian patriarch and of an Israelite.
[which] three 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
were born 3205
{3205} Prime
יָלַד
yalad
{yaw-lad'}
A primitive root; to bear young; causatively to beget; medically to act as midwife; specifically to show lineage.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
unto him of the daughter 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of ` שׁוּעָא y7774
[7774] Standard
שׁוּעָא
Shuwa`a'
{shoo-aw'}
From H7768; wealth; Shua, an Israelitess.
z8677
<8677> Grammar
Synonym Strong's Number

Sometimes, a word or phrase has individual Strong's numbers assigned to it and it has an additional Strong's number for the entire phrase.
y1340
[1340] Standard
בַּת־שׁוּעַ
Bath-Shuwa`
{bath-shoo'-ah}
From H1323 and H7771; daughter of wealth; Bath shua, the same as H1339.
x7770
(7770) Complement
שׁוּעַ
Shuwa`
{shoo'-ah}
The same as H7769; shua, a Canaanite.
the Cna`n כְּנַעֲנִית. 3669
{3669} Prime
כְּנַעֲנִי
K@na`aniy
{ken-ah-an-ee'}
Patrial from H3667; a Kenaanite or inhabitant of Kenaan; by implication a pedlar (the Cananites standing for their neighbors the Ishmaelites, who conducted mercantile caravans).
And `r עֵר, 6147
{6147} Prime
עֵר
`Er
{ayr}
From H5782; watchful; Er, the name of two Israelites.
the firstborn 1060
{1060} Prime
בְּכוֹר
b@kowr
{bek-ore'}
From H1069; firstborn; hence chief.
of Yh יְהוּדָה, 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
evil 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
in the sight 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
of Yhw יָהוֶה; 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and he slew 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 2:3

_ _ 1 Chronicles 2:3-12. Posterity of Judah.

_ _ The sons of Judah — His descendants are enumerated first, because the right and privileges of the primogeniture had been transferred to him (Genesis 49:8), and because from his tribe the Messiah was to spring.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 2:1-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 2:3

Judah — Whom he puts first, because the best part of the right of the firstborn, namely, the dominion, was conferred upon him, Genesis 49:8, and because the Messiah was to come out of his loins.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 2:3

The sons of (a) Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah: [which] three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the sight of the LORD; and he slew him.

(a) Though Judah was not Jacob's eldest son, yet he first begins with him, because he would come to the genealogy of David, of whom came Christ.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and:

1 Chronicles 9:5 And of the Shilonites; Asaiah the firstborn, and his sons.
Genesis 38:2-10 And Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite, whose name [was] Shuah; and he took her, and went in unto her. ... And the thing which he did displeased the LORD: wherefore he slew him also.
Genesis 46:12 And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.
Numbers 26:19 The sons of Judah [were] Er and Onan: and Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 38:2; 46:12. Nu 26:19. 1Ch 9:5.

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