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1 Chronicles 2:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Geshur and Aram took the towns of Jair from them, with Kenath, and the villages thereof, even threescore cities. All these were the sons of Machir the father of Gilead.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath, and the towns thereof, [even] threescore cities. All these [belonged to] the sons of Machir the father of Gilead.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But Geshur and Aram took the towns of Jair from them, with Kenath and its villages, [even] sixty cities. All these were the sons of Machir, the father of Gilead.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath and its towns, [even] sixty cities. All these [belonged to] the sons of Machir, the father of Gilead.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and Geshur and Aram took the villages of Jair from them, with Kenath and its dependent towns, sixty cities. All these were sons of Machir the father of Gilead.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— but Geshur and Aram took the towns of Jair from them, with Kenath and the villages thereof, sixty cities. All these, were the sons of Machir, father of Gilead.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he taketh Geshur and Aram, the small villages of Jair, from them, with Kenath and its small towns, sixty cities—all these [belonged to] the sons of Machir father of Gilead.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he took Gessur, and Aram the towns of Jair, and Canath, and the villages thereof, threescore cities. All these, the sons of Machir father of Galaad.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he tooke Geshur, and Aram, with the townes of Iair, from them, with Kenath, and the townes thereof, [euen] threescore cities. All these [belonged to] the sonnes of Machir, the father of Gilead.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he took Geshur{gr.Gedsur} and Syria{gr.Aram}, the towns of Jair from them; [with] Canath and its towns, sixty cities. All these [belonged to] the sons of Machir the father of Gilead{gr.Galaad}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Yair, from them, with Qenath, and the towns thereof, [even] threescore cities. All these [belonged to] the sons of Makhir the father of Gilad.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Gr גְּשׁוּר, 1650
{1650} Prime
גְּשׁוּר
G@shuwr
{ghesh-oor'}
From an unused root (meaning to join); bridge; Geshur, a district of Syria.
and rm אֲרָם, 758
{0758} Prime
אֲרַם
'Aram
{a-rawm'}
From the same as H0759; the highland; Aram or Syria, and its inhabitants; also the name of a son of Shem, a grandson of Nahor, and of an Israelite.
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
the towns 2333
{2333} Prime
חַוָּה
chavvah
{khav-vaw'}
Properly the same as H2332 (lifegiving, that is, living place); by implication an encampment or village.
of Yr יָאִיר, 2971
{2971} Prime
יָאִיר
Ya'iyr
{yaw-ere'}
From H0215; enlightener; Jair, the name of four Israelites.
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
them, with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
Kn קְנָת, 7079
{7079} Prime
קְנָת
Q@nath
{ken-awth'}
From H7069; possession; Kenath, a place East of the Jordan.
and the towns 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
thereof, [even] threescore 8346
{8346} Prime
שִׁשִּׁים
shishshiym
{shish-sheem'}
Multiple of H8337; sixty.
cities. 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
All x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[belonged to] the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Mr מָכִיר 4353
{4353} Prime
מָכִיר
Makiyr
{maw-keer'}
From H4376; salesman; Makir, an Israelite.
the father 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
of Gil` גִּלעָד. 1568
{1568} Prime
גִּלְעָד
Gil`ad
{ghil-awd'}
Probably from H1567; Gilad, a region East of the Jordan; also the name of three Israelites.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 2:23

_ _ he took — rather “he had taken.” This statement is accounting for his acquisition of so large a territory; he got it by right of conquest from the former possessors.

_ _ Kenath — This place, along with its group of surrounding villages, was gained by Nobah, one of Jair’s officers sent by him to capture it (Numbers 32:1, Numbers 32:2).

_ _ All these belonged to the sons of Machir — In their number Jair is included as having completely identified himself by his marriage and residence in Gilead with the tribe of Manasseh.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 2:18-55.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 2:23

Sons of Machir — Partly to his own sons, and partly to his son — in — law Jair, who by reason of that dear affection which was betwixt them, and his forsaking his own tribe and kindred to fight for them and to dwell with them, is here reckoned as his own son.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 2:23

And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, (g) from them, with Kenath, and the towns thereof, [even] threescore cities. All these [belonged to] the sons of Machir the father of Gilead.

(g) That is, the Geshurites and Syrians took the towns from Jair's children.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Geshur:

Joshua 13:13 Nevertheless the children of Israel expelled not the Geshurites, nor the Maachathites: but the Geshurites and the Maachathites dwell among the Israelites until this day.
2 Samuel 13:38 So Absalom fled, and went to Geshur, and was there three years.

Kenath:
Kenath was situated in the tribe of Manasseh, east of Jordan. Eusebius says it was called in his time Καναθα, Kanatha; and was a town in the Trachonitis, near Bozra. Josephus places it in Coelo-syria; and Pliny reckons it among the cities of the Decapolis. It was also called Nobah, after Nobah an Israelite, who conquered it (
Numbers 32:42 And Nobah went and took Kenath, and the villages thereof, and called it Nobah, after his own name.
); which is placed by Eusebius, eight miles south of Heshbon. see note on
Judges 8:11 And Gideon went up by the way of them that dwelt in tents on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and smote the host: for the host was secure.
.
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Nu 32:42. Jsh 13:13. Jg 8:11. 2S 13:38.

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