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1 Chronicles 2:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Caleb the son of Hezron begat [children] of Azubah [his] wife, and of Jerioth; and these were her sons: Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Caleb the son of Hezron begat [children] of Azubah [his] wife, and of Jerioth: her sons [are] these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Caleb the son of Hezron had sons by Azubah [his] wife, and by Jerioth; and these were her sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Caleb the son of Hezron begat [children] of Azubah [his] wife, and of Jerioth: her sons [are] these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Caleb the son of Hezron had children by Azubah [his] wife, and by Jerioth: her sons are these: Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, Caleb son of Hezron, begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth,—and, these, were her sons, Jesher and Shobab and Ardon.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Caleb son of Hezron hath begotten Azubah, Isshah, and Jerioth; and these [are] her sons: Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Caleb the son of Hesron took a wife named Azuba, of whom he had Jerioth: and her sons were Jaser, and Sobab, and Ardon.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Caleb the sonne of Hezron, begate [children] of Azubah [his] wife, and of Ierioth: her sonnes [are] these: Iesher, Shobab, and Ardon.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Caleb{gr.Chaleb} the son of Hezron{gr.Esrom} took Gazuba to wife, and Jerioth: and these [were] her sons; Jasar, and Subab, and Ardon.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Kalev the son of Chetzron begat [children] of Azuvah [his] wife, and of Yerioth: her sons [are] these; Yesher, and Shovav, and Ardon.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Clv כָּלֵב 3612
{3612} Prime
כָּלֵב
Kaleb
{kaw-labe'}
Perhaps a form of H3611, or else from the same root in the sense of forcible; Caleb, the name of three Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of exrn חֶצרוֹן 2696
{2696} Prime
חֶצְרוֹן
Chetsrown
{khets-rone'}
From H2691; courtyard; Chetsron, the name of a place in Palestine; also fo two Israelites.
begat 3205
{3205} Prime
יָלַד
yalad
{yaw-lad'}
A primitive root; to bear young; causatively to beget; medically to act as midwife; specifically to show lineage.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
[children] of 854
{0854} Prime
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
`zv עֲזוּבָה 5806
{5806} Prime
עֲזוּבָה
`Azuwbah
{az-oo-baw'}
The same as H5805; Azubah, the name of two Israelitesses.
[his] wife, 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
and of x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
Yr` יְרִיעוֹת: 3408
{3408} Prime
יְרִיעוֹת
Y@riy`owth
{yer-ee-ohth'}
Plural of H3407; curtains; Jerioth, an Israelitess.
her sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
[are] these; x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
Yer יֵשֶׁר, 3475
{3475} Prime
יֵשֶׁר
Yesher
{yay'-sher}
From H3474; the right; Jesher, an Israelite.
and vv שׁוֹבָב, 7727
{7727} Prime
שׁוֹבָב
Showbab
{sho-bawb'}
The same as H7726; rebellious; Shobab, the name of two Israelites.
and Ardn אַרדּוֹן. 715
{0715} Prime
אַרְדּוֹן
'Ardown
{ar-dohn'}
From the same as H0714; roaming; Ardon, an Israelite.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 2:18

_ _ 1 Chronicles 2:18-55. Posterity of Caleb.

_ _ Caleb the son of Hezron — The notices concerning this person appear confused in our version. In 1 Chronicles 2:19 he is said to be the father of Hur, whereas in 1 Chronicles 2:50 he is called “the son of Hur.” The words in this latter passage have been transposed in the copying, and should be read thus, “Hur the son of Caleb.”

_ _ begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth — The former was his spouse, while Jerioth seems to have been a secondary wife, and the mother of the children whose names are here given. On the death of his principal wife, he married Ephrath, and by her had Hur [1 Chronicles 2:19].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Chronicles 2:18-55

_ _ The persons mentioned in the former paragraph are most of them such as we read of, and most of them such as we read much of, in other scriptures; but very few of those to whom this paragraph relates are mentioned any where else. It should seem, the tribe of Judah were more full and exact in their genealogies than any other of the tribes, in which we must acknowledge a special providence, for the clearing of the genealogy of Christ. 1. Here we find Bezaleel, who was head-workman in building the tabernacle, Exodus 31:2. 2. Hezron, who was the son of Pharez (1 Chronicles 2:5), was the father of all this progeny, his sons, Caleb and Jerahmeel, being very fruitful, and he himself likewise, even in his old age, for he left his wife pregnant when he died, 1 Chronicles 2:24. This Hezron was one of the seventy that went down with Jacob into Egypt, Genesis 46:12. There his family thus increased, as other oppressed families there did. We cannot but suppose that he died during the Israelites' bondage in Egypt; and yet it is here said he died in Caleb-Ephratah (that is, Bethlehem), in the land of Canaan, 1 Chronicles 2:24. Perhaps, though the body of the people continued in Egypt, yet some that were more active than the rest, at least before their bondage came to be extreme, visited Canaan sometimes and got footing there, though afterwards they lost it. The achievements of Jair, here mentioned (1 Chronicles 2:22, 1 Chronicles 2:23), we had an account of in Numbers 32:41; and, it is supposed, they were long after the conquest of Canaan. The Jews say, Hezron married his third wife when he was sixty years old (1 Chronicles 2:21), and another afterwards (1 Chronicles 2:24), because he had a great desire of posterity in the family of Pharez, from whom the Messiah was to descend. 3. Here is mention of one that died without children (1 Chronicles 2:30), and another (1 Chronicles 2:32), and of one that had no sons, but daughters, 1 Chronicles 2:34. Let those that are in any of these ways afflicted not think their case new or singular. Providence orders these affairs of families by an incontestable sovereignty, as pleaseth him, giving children, or withholding them, or giving all of one sex. He is not bound to please us, but we are bound to acquiesce in his good pleasure. To those that love him he will himself be better than ten sons, and give them in his house a place and a name better than of sons and daughters. Let not those therefore that are written childless envy the families that are built up and replenished. Shall our eye be evil because God's is good? 4. Here is mention of one who had an only daughter, and married her to his servant an Egyptian, 1 Chronicles 2:34, 1 Chronicles 2:35. If it be mentioned to his praise, we must suppose that this Egyptian was proselyted to the Jewish religion and that he was very eminent for wisdom and virtue, otherwise it would not have become a true-born Israelite to match a daughter to him, especially an only daughter. If Egyptians become converts, and servants do worthily, neither their parentage nor their servitude should be a bar to their preferment. Such a one this Egyptian servant might be that she who married him might live as happily with him as if she had married one of the rulers of her tribe. 5. The pedigree of several of these terminates, not in a person, but in a place or country, as one is said to be the father of Kirjath-jearim (1 Chronicles 2:50), another of Bethlehem (1 Chronicles 2:51), which was afterwards David's city, because these places fell to their lot in the division of the land. 6. here are some that are said to be families of scribes (1 Chronicles 2:55), such as kept up learning in their family, especially scripture-learning, and taught the people the good knowledge of God. Among all these great families we are glad to find some that were families of scribes. Would to God that all the Lord's people were prophets — all the families of Israel families of scribes, well instructed to the kingdom of heaven, and able to bring out of their treasury things new and old!

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 2:18

Her sons — The sons of Azubah, who is by way of distinction called his wife, when Jerioth probably was only his concubine, and, it may seem, barren: therefore upon Azubah's death he married another wife. And those other sons of this Caleb mentioned, 1 Chronicles 2:42, are his sons by some other wife distinct from all these.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 2:18

And (e) Caleb the son of Hezron begat [children] of Azubah [his] wife, and of Jerioth: her sons [are] these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.

(e) Who was called Chelubai the son of Hezron, (1 Chronicles 2:9).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 2534, etc. bc 1470, etc

Caleb:
Caleb, כלב, [Strong's H3612], is the same as Chelubai, כלובי [Strong's H3621], the latter simply having a ו, wav inserted, and a י, yood affixed. This person must have lived some time before Israel left Egypt; for Bezaleel, the principal person employed in constructing the tabernacle, was his grandson.
1 Chronicles 2:9 The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai.
, Chelubai,
1 Chronicles 2:42 Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel [were], Mesha his firstborn, which was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.
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1Ch 2:9, 42.

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