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1 Chronicles 18:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succor Hadarezer king of Zobah, David smote of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed 22,000 men of the Arameans.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, and David smote of the Syrians twenty-two thousand men.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David smote of the Syrians, twenty-two thousand men.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Aram of Damascus cometh in to give help to Hadarezer king of Zobah, and David smiteth in Aram twenty and two thousand men,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Syrians of Damascus came also to help Adarezer king of Soba: and David slew of them likewise two and twenty thousand men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when the Syrians of Damascus came to helpe Hadarezer king of Zobah, Dauid slew of the Syrians two and twentie thousand men.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Syrian came from Damascus to help Hadadezer{gr.Adraazar} king of Zobah{gr.Suba}; and David smote of the Syrian [army] twenty and two thousand men.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And when the Arammim of Dammaseq came to help Hadadezer king of Tzovah, Dawid slew of the Arammim two and twenty thousand men.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And when the rammm אֲרַמִּים 758
{0758} Prime
אֲרַם
'Aram
{a-rawm'}
From the same as H0759; the highland; Aram or Syria, and its inhabitants; also the name of a son of Shem, a grandson of Nahor, and of an Israelite.
of Damm$ek דַּמָּשֶׂק 1834
{1834} Prime
דַּמֶּשֶׂק
Dammeseq
{dam-meh'-sek}
Of foreign origin; Damascus, a city of Syria.
came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to help 5826
{5826} Prime
עָזַר
`azar
{aw-zar'}
A primitive root; to surround, that is, protect or aid.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Ha`ezer הֲדַדעֶזֶר 1928
{1928} Prime
הֲדַדְעֶזֶר
Hadar`ezer
{had-ar-eh'-zer}
From H1924 and H5828; Hadar (that is, Hadad, H1908) is his help; Hadarezer (that is, Hadadezer, H1909), a Syrian king.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Xv צוֹבָה, 6678
{6678} Prime
צוֹבָא
Tsowba'
{tso-baw'}
From an unused root meaning to station; a station; Zoba or Zobah, a region of Syria.
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
slew 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
of the rammm אֲרַמִּים 758
{0758} Prime
אֲרַם
'Aram
{a-rawm'}
From the same as H0759; the highland; Aram or Syria, and its inhabitants; also the name of a son of Shem, a grandson of Nahor, and of an Israelite.
two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
and twenty 6242
{6242} Prime
עֶשְׂרִים
`esriym
{es-reem'}
From H6235; twenty; also (ordinal) twentieth.
thousand 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
men. 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 18:4-8.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 18:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the Syrians:

2 Samuel 8:5-6 And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men. ... Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, [and] brought gifts. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
1 Kings 11:23-24 And God stirred him up [another] adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, which fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah: ... And he gathered men unto him, and became captain over a band, when David slew them [of Zobah]: and they went to Damascus, and dwelt therein, and reigned in Damascus.

Damascus:
Heb. Darmesek

to help:

Isaiah 8:9-10 Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces. ... Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God [is] with us.

Zobah:

1 Chronicles 18:3 And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates.
1 Samuel 14:47 So Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines: and whithersoever he turned himself, he vexed [them].
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1S 14:47. 2S 8:5. 1K 11:23. 1Ch 18:3. Is 8:9.

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