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1 Chronicles 18:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah smote of the Edomites in the Valley of Salt eighteen thousand.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah defeated 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Moreover, Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Abishai the son of Zeruiah smote of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Moreover, Abishai, son of Zeruiah, smote Edom, in the Valley of Salt,—eighteen thousand;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Abishai son of Zeruiah hath smitten Edom in the valley of salt—eighteen thousand,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Abisai the son of Sarvia slew of the Edomites in the vale of the saltpits, eighteen thousand:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Moreouer, Abishai the sonne of Zeruiah, slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt, eighteene thousand.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Abesa son of Zeruiah{gr.Saruia} smote the Edomites{gr.Idumeans} in the valley of Salt, eighteen thousand.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Moreover Avishay the son of Tzeruyah slew of the Adomim in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Moreover vay אֲבִישַׁי 52
{0052} Prime
אֲבִישַׁי
'Abiyshay
{ab-ee-shah'ee}
From H0001 and H7862; father of a gift (that is, probably generous); Abishai, an Israelite.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Xry צְרוּיָה 6870
{6870} Prime
צְרוּיָה
Ts@ruwyah
{tser-oo-yaw'}
Feminine participle passive from the same as H6875; wounded; Tserujah, an Israelitess.
slew 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
of the mm אֲדוֹמִים 123
{0123} Prime
אֱדֹם
'Edom
{ed-ome'}
From H0122; red (see Genesis 25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the region (Idumaea) occuped by him.
in the valley 1516
{1516} Prime
גַּיְא
gay'
{gah'-ee}
Probably (by transmutation) from the same root as H1466 (abbreviated); a gorge (from its lofty sides; hence narrow, but not a gully or winter torrent).
of salt 4417
{4417} Prime
מֶּלַח
melach
{meh'-lakh}
From H4414; properly powder, that is, (specifically) salt (as easily pulverized and dissolved).
eighteen 8083
{8083} Prime
שְׁמֹנֶה
sh@moneh
{shem-o-neh'}
Apparently from H8082 through the idea of plumpness; a cardinal number, eight (as if a surplus above the 'perfect' seven); also (as ordinal) eighth.
6240
{6240} Prime
עָשָׂר
`asar
{aw-sawr'}
For H6235; ten (only in combination), that is, the 'teens'; also (ordinal) a 'teenth'.
thousand. 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 18:9-13.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 18:9-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 18:12

Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt (f) eighteen thousand.

(f) Which is understood that Joab slew 12,000 as is in (Psalms 60:1) and Abishai the rest.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Moreover:

1 Chronicles 2:16 Whose sisters [were] Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three.
1 Chronicles 11:20 And Abishai the brother of Joab, he was chief of the three: for lifting up his spear against three hundred, he slew [them], and had a name among the three.
1 Samuel 26:6 Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee.
1 Samuel 26:8 Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will not [smite] him the second time.
2 Samuel 3:30 So Joab and Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had slain their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.
2 Samuel 10:10 And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put [them] in array against the children of Ammon.
2 Samuel 10:14 And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.
2 Samuel 16:9-11 Then said Abishai the son of Zeruiah unto the king, Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? let me go over, I pray thee, and take off his head. ... And David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, which came forth of my bowels, seeketh my life: how much more now [may this] Benjamite [do it]? let him alone, and let him curse; for the LORD hath bidden him.
2 Samuel 19:21-22 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, Shall not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed the LORD'S anointed? ... And David said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah, that ye should this day be adversaries unto me? shall there any man be put to death this day in Israel? for do not I know that I [am] this day king over Israel?
2 Samuel 20:6 And David said to Abishai, Now shall Sheba the son of Bichri do us more harm than [did] Absalom: take thou thy lord's servants, and pursue after him, lest he get him fenced cities, and escape us.
2 Samuel 21:17 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel.
2 Samuel 23:18 And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, [and] slew [them], and had the name among three.

Abishai:
Heb. Abshai,
1 Chronicles 19:11 And the rest of the people he delivered unto the hand of Abishai his brother, and they set [themselves] in array against the children of Ammon.
*marg.

slew of the Edomites:

2 Samuel 7:13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
2 Samuel 8:13-14 And David gat [him] a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, [being] eighteen thousand [men]. ... And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David's servants. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
Psalms 60:1 [[To the chief Musician upon Shushaneduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aramnaharaim and with Aramzobah, when Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt twelve thousand.]] O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased; O turn thyself to us again.
*title
Psalms 60:8-9 Moab [is] my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe: Philistia, triumph thou because of me. ... Who will bring me [into] the strong city? who will lead me into Edom?

the valley of Salt:

2 Kings 14:7 He slew of Edom in the valley of salt ten thousand, and took Selah by war, and called the name of it Joktheel unto this day.
2 Chronicles 25:11 And Amaziah strengthened himself, and led forth his people, and went to the valley of salt, and smote of the children of Seir ten thousand.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 26:6, 8. 2S 3:30; 7:13; 8:13; 10:10, 14; 16:9; 19:21; 20:6; 21:17; 23:18. 2K 14:7. 1Ch 2:16; 11:20; 19:11. 2Ch 25:11. Ps 60:1, 8.

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