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1 Chronicles 16:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then on that day did David first ordain to give thanks unto Jehovah, by the hand of Asaph and his brethren.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then on that day David delivered first [this psalm] to thank the LORD into the hand of Asaph and his brethren.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then on that day David first assigned Asaph and his relatives to give thanks to the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then on that day David delivered first [this psalm] to thank the LORD into the hand of Asaph and his brethren.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then on that day David delivered first [this psalm] to give thanks to Jehovah through Asaph and his brethren.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— On that day, then, David gave [these songs] in chief, to give thanks unto Yahweh,—through Asaph, and his brethren:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— On that day then hath David given at the beginning to give thanks to Jehovah by the hand of Asaph and his brethren:—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In that day David made Asaph the chief to give praise to the Lord with his brethren.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then on that day, Dauid deliuered first [this Psalme] to thanke the LORD, into the hand of Asaph and his brethren:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Then David first gave orders to praise the Lord by the hand of Asaph and his brethren.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then on that day Dawid delivered first [this psalm] to thank Yahweh into the hand of Asaf and his brethren.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then x227
(0227) Complement
A demonstrative adverb; at that time or place; also as a conjugation, therefore.
on that x1931
(1931) Complement
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
day 3117
{3117} Prime
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
delivered 5414
{5414} Prime
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
first 7218
{7218} Prime
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
[this psalm] to thank 3034
{3034} Prime
A primitive root; used only as denominative from H3027; literally to use (that is, hold out) the hand; physically to throw (a stone, an arrow) at or away; especially to revere or worship (with extended hands); intensively to bemoan (by wringing the hands).
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
into the hand 3027
{3027} Prime
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
of sf אָסָף 623
{0623} Prime
From H0622; collector; Asaph, the name of three Israelites, and of the family of the first.
and his brethren. 251
{0251} Prime
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 16:7

_ _ 1 Chronicles 16:7-43. His psalm of thanksgiving.

_ _ Then on that day David delivered first this psalm — Among the other preparations for this solemn inauguration, the royal bard had composed a special hymn for the occasion. Doubtless it had been previously in the hands of Asaph and his assistants, but it was now publicly committed to them as they entered for the first time on the performance of their sacred duties. It occupies the greater part of this chapter (1 Chronicles 16:8-36), and seems to have been compiled from other psalms of David, previously known to the Israelites, as the whole of it will be found, with very slight variations, in Psalms 96:1-13; Psalms 105:1-15; Psalms 106:47, Psalms 106:48. In the form, however, in which it is given by the sacred historian, it seems to have been the first psalm given for use in the tabernacle service. Abounding, as it does, with the liveliest ascriptions of praise to God for the revelation of His glorious character and the display of His marvelous works and containing, as it does, so many pointed allusions to the origin, privileges, and peculiar destiny of the chosen people, it was admirably calculated to animate the devotions and call forth the gratitude of the assembled multitude.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Chronicles 16:7-36

_ _ We have here the thanksgiving psalm which David, by the Spirit, composed, and delivered to the chief musician, to be sung upon occasion of the public entry the ark made into the tent prepared for it. Some think he appointed this hymn to be daily used in the temple service, as duly as the day came; whatever other psalms they sung, they must not omit this. David had penned many psalms before this, some in the time of his trouble by Saul. This was composed before, but was now first delivered into the hand of Asaph, for the use of the church. It is gathered out of several psalms (from the beginning to 1 Chronicles 16:23 is taken from Psalms 105:1, etc.; and then 1 Chronicles 16:23 is the whole 96th psalm, with little variation; 1 Chronicles 16:34 is taken from Psalms 136:1 and divers others; and then the last two verses are taken from the close of Ps. 106), which some think warrants us to do likewise, and make up hymns out of David's psalms, a part of one and a part of another put together so as may be most proper to express and excite the devotion of Christians. These psalms will be best expounded in their proper places (if the Lord will); here we take them as they are put together, with a design to thank the Lord (1 Chronicles 16:7), a great duty, to which we need to be excited and in which we need to be assisted. 1. Let God be glorified in our praises; let his honour be the centre in which all the lines meet. Let us glorify him by our thanksgivings (Give thanks to the Lord), by our prayers (Call on his name, 1 Chronicles 16:8), by our songs (Sing psalms unto him), by our discourse — Talk of all his wondrous works, 1 Chronicles 16:9. Let us glorify him as a great God, and greatly to be praised (1 Chronicles 16:25), as supreme God (above all gods), as sole God, for all others are idols, 1 Chronicles 16:26. Let us glorify him as most bright and blessed in himself (Glory and honour are in his presence, 1 Chronicles 16:27), as creator (The Lord made the heavens), as the ruler of the whole creation (His judgments are in all the earth, 1 Chronicles 16:14), and as ours — He is the Lord our God. Thus must we give unto the Lord the glory due to his name (1 Chronicles 16:28, 1 Chronicles 16:29), and own it, and much more, his due. 2. Let other be edified and instructed: Make known his deeds among the people (1 Chronicles 16:8), declare his glory among the heathen (1 Chronicles 16:24), that those who are strangers to him may be led into acquaintance with him, allegiance to him, and the adoration of him. Thus must we serve the interests of his kingdom among men, that all the earth may fear before him, 1 Chronicles 16:30. 3. Let us be ourselves encouraged to triumph and trust in God. Those that give glory to God's name are allowed to glory in it (1 Chronicles 16:10), to value themselves upon their relation to God and venture themselves upon his promise to them. Let the heart of those rejoice that seek the Lord, much more of those that have found him. Seek him, and his strength, and his face: that is, seek him by the ark of his strength, in which he manifests himself. 4. Let the everlasting covenant be the great matter of our joy and praise (1 Chronicles 16:15): Be mindful of his covenant. In the parallel place it is, He will be ever mindful of it, Psalms 105:8. Seeing God never will forget it, we never must. The covenant is said to be commanded, because God has obliged us to obey the conditions of it, and because he has both authority to make the promise and ability to make it good. This covenant was ancient, yet never to be forgotten. It was made with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, who were long since dead (1 Chronicles 16:16-18), yet still sure to the spiritual seed, and the promises of it pleadable. 5. Let God's former mercies to his people of old, to our ancestors and our predecessors in profession, be commemorated by us now with thankfulness to his praise. Let it be remembered how God protected the patriarchs in their unsettled condition. When they came strangers to Canaan and were sojourners in it, when they were few and might easily have been swallowed up, when they were continually upon the remove and so exposed, when there were many that bore them ill-will and sought to do them mischief, yet no man was suffered to do them wrong — not the Canaanites, Philistines, Egyptians. Kings were reproved and plagued for their sakes. Pharaoh was so, and Abimelech. They were the anointed of the Lord, sanctified by his grace, sanctified by his glory, and had received the unction of the Spirit. They were his prophets, instructed in the things of God themselves and commissioned to instruct others (and prophets are said to be anointed, 1 Kings 19:16; Isaiah 61:1); therefore, if any touch them, they touch the apple of God's eye; if any harm them, it is at their peril, 1 Chronicles 16:19-22. 6. Let the great salvation of the Lord be especially the subject of our praises (1 Chronicles 16:23): Show forth from day to day his salvation, that is (says bishop Patrick), his promised salvation by Christ. We have reason to celebrate that from day to day; for we daily receive the benefits of it, and it is a subject that can never be exhausted. 7. Let God be praised by a due and constant attendance upon him in the ordinances he has appointed: Bring an offering, then the fruit of the ground, now the fruit of the lips, of the heart (Hebrews 13:15), and worship him in the beauty of holiness, in the holy places and in a holy manner, 1 Chronicles 16:29. Holiness is the beauty of the Lord, the beauty of all sanctified souls and all religious performances. 8. Let God's universal monarchy be the fear and joy of all people. Let us reverence it: Fear before him, all the earth. And let us rejoice in it: Let the heavens be glad and rejoice, because the Lord reigns, and by his providence establishes the world, so that, though it be moved, it cannot be removed, nor the measures broken which Infinite Wisdom has taken in the government of it, 1 Chronicles 16:30, 1 Chronicles 16:31. 9. Let the prospect of the judgment to come inspire us with an awful pleasure, Let earth and sea, fields and woods, though in the great day of the Lord they will all be consumed, yet rejoice that he will come, doth come, to judge the earth, 1 Chronicles 16:32, 1 Chronicles 16:33. 10. In the midst of our praises we must not forget to pray for the succour and relief of those saints and servants of God that are in distress (1 Chronicles 16:35): Save us, gather us, deliver us from the heathen, those of us that are scattered and oppressed. When we are rejoicing in God's favours to us we must remember our afflicted brethren, and pray for their salvation and deliverance as our own. We are members one of another; and therefore when we mean, “Lord, save them,” it is not improper to say, “Lord, save us.Lastly, Let us make God the Alpha and Omega of our praises. David begins with (1 Chronicles 16:8), Give thanks to the Lord; he concludes (1 Chronicles 16:36), Blessed be the Lord. And whereas in the place whence this doxology is taken (Psalms 106:48) it is added, Let all the people say, Amen, Hallelujah, here we find they did according to that directory: All the people said, Amen, and praised the Lord. When the Levites had finished this psalm or prayer and praise, then, and not till then, the people that attended signified their consent and concurrence by saying, Amen, And so they praised the Lord, much affected no doubt with this newly instituted way of devotion, which had been hitherto used in the schools of the prophets only, 1 Samuel 10:5. And, if this way of praising God please the Lord better than an ox or a bullock that has horns and hoofs, the humble shall see it and be glad, Psalms 69:31, Psalms 69:32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 16:7

First — Hereby it is implied, that after this he delivered many other psalms into their hands, to be sung by them to the praise of God in his public service. We shall find it in the same words, in Psalms 105:1-15 and Psalms 96:1-11, all but the three last verses.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 16:7

Then on that day David (c) delivered first [this psalm] to thank the LORD into the hand of Asaph and his brethren.

(c) David gave them this Psalm to praise the Lord, signifying that in all our enterprises the Name of God should be praised and called upon.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
on that day:

2 Samuel 22:1 And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day [that] the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:
2 Samuel 23:1-2 Now these [be] the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man [who was] raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said, ... The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word [was] in my tongue.
2 Chronicles 29:30 Moreover Hezekiah the king and the princes commanded the Levites to sing praise unto the LORD with the words of David, and of Asaph the seer. And they sang praises with gladness, and they bowed their heads and worshipped.
Nehemiah 12:24 And the chief of the Levites: Hashabiah, Sherebiah, and Jeshua the son of Kadmiel, with their brethren over against them, to praise [and] to give thanks, according to the commandment of David the man of God, ward over against ward.

into the hand:

Psalms 12:1 [[To the chief Musician upon Sheminith, A Psalm of David.]] Help, LORD; for the godly man ceaseth; for the faithful fail from among the children of men.
Psalms 18:1 [[To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of David, the servant of the LORD, who spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day [that] the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul: And he said,]] I will love thee, O LORD, my strength.
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2S 22:1; 23:1. 2Ch 29:30. Ne 12:24. Ps 12:1; 18:1.

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