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1 Chronicles 15:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and Mattithiah, and Eliphelehu, and Mikneiah, and Obed-edom, and Jeiel, and Azaziah, with harps set to the Sheminith, to lead.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obededom, and Jeiel, and Azaziah, with harps on the Sheminith to excel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, Obed-edom, Jeiel and Azaziah, to lead with lyres tuned to the sheminith.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obed-edom, and Jeiel, and Azaziah, with harps on the Sheminith to excel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obed-Edom and Jeiel, and Azaziah, with harps on the Sheminith to lead [the singing].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, and Mikneiah, and Obed-edom, and Jeiel and Azaziah,—with lyres over the bass, to take the lead.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obed-Edom, and Jeiel, and Azaziah, with harps, on the octave, to oversee.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Mathathias, and Eliphalu, and Macenias and Obededom, and Jehiel and Ozaziu, sung a song of victory for the octave upon harps.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Mattithiah, and Eliphaleh, and Mikniah, and Obed Edom, and Ieiel, and Azzaziah, with harpes on the Sheminith to excell.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Mattathias, and Eliphalu, and Makenia, and Obededom{gr.Abdedom}, and Jehiel{gr.Jeiel}, and Uzziah{gr.Ozias}, with harps of Amasenith, to make a loud noise.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Mattithyah, and Eliflehu, and Miqneyah, and Oved Edom, and Yeiel, and Azazyah, with harps on the Sheminith to excel.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Mattiy מַתִּתיָה, 4993
{4993} Prime
From H4991 and H3050; gift of Jah; Mattithjah, the name of four Israelites.
and lflh אֱלִיפלֵהוּ, 466
{0466} Prime
From H0410 and H6395; God of his distinction; Eliphelehu, an Israelite.
and Mikny מִקנֵיָה, 4737
{4737} Prime
From H4735 and H3050; possession of Jah; Miknejah, an Israelite.
and `v m עֹבֵד־אֱדוֹם, 5654
{5654} Prime
עֹבֵד אֱדֹם
`Obed 'Edowm
{o-bade' ed-ome'}
From the active participle of H5647 and H0123; worker of Edom; Obed-Edom, the name of five Israelites.
and Y`l יְעִיאֵל, 3273
{3273} Prime
From H3261 and H0410; carried away of God; Jeiel, the name of six Israelites.
and `zazy עֲזַזיָה, 5812
{5812} Prime
From H5810 and H3050; Jah has strengthened; Azazjah, the name of three Israelites.
with harps 3658
{3658} Prime
From an unused root meaning to twang; a harp.
on x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the mn שְׁמִינִית 8067
{8067} Prime
Feminine of H8066; probably an eight stringed lyre.
to excel. 5329
{5329} Prime
A primitive root; properly to glitter from afar, that is, to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331), to be permanent.
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 15:16-24.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 15:1-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 15:21

To excel — Which word may be added to note the excellency of that instrument, or part of musick; or that there was a greater extension or elevation of the voice than in the former. This way of praising God by musical instruments, had not hitherto been in use. But David instituted it by divine direction, and added it to the other ordinances of that dispensation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 15:21

And Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obededom, and Jeiel, and Azaziah, with harps on the (k) Sheminith to excel.

(k) Which was the eighth tune, over which he that was most excellent had charge.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Chronicles 15:18 And with them their brethren of the second [degree], Zechariah, Ben, and Jaaziel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Unni, Eliab, and Benaiah, and Maaseiah, and Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obededom, and Jeiel, the porters.
1 Chronicles 16:5 Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, Jeiel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Mattithiah, and Eliab, and Benaiah, and Obededom: and Jeiel with psalteries and with harps; but Asaph made a sound with cymbals;


1 Chronicles 25:6-7 All these [were] under the hands of their father for song [in] the house of the LORD, with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, for the service of the house of God, according to the king's order to Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman. ... So the number of them, with their brethren that were instructed in the songs of the LORD, [even] all that were cunning, was two hundred fourscore and eight.
1 Samuel 10:5 After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where [is] the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy:
Psalms 33:2 Praise the LORD with harp: sing unto him with the psaltery [and] an instrument of ten strings.
Psalms 81:1-2 [[To the chief Musician upon Gittith, [A Psalm] of Asaph.]] Sing aloud unto God our strength: make a joyful noise unto the God of Jacob. ... Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant harp with the psaltery.
Psalms 92:3 Upon an instrument of ten strings, and upon the psaltery; upon the harp with a solemn sound.
Psalms 150:3 Praise him with the sound of the trumpet: praise him with the psaltery and harp.

Sheminith to excel:
or, eighth to oversee,
Psalms 6:1 [[To the chief Musician on Neginoth upon Sheminith, A Psalm of David.]] O LORD, rebuke me not in thine anger, neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure.
Psalms 12:1 [[To the chief Musician upon Sheminith, A Psalm of David.]] Help, LORD; for the godly man ceaseth; for the faithful fail from among the children of men.
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1S 10:5. 1Ch 15:18; 16:5; 25:6. Ps 6:1; 12:1; 33:2; 81:1; 92:3; 150:3.

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