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1 Chronicles 14:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar-trees, and masons, and carpenters, to build him a house.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and timber of cedars, with masons and carpenters, to build him an house.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David with cedar trees, masons and carpenters, to build a house for him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and timber of cedars, with masons and carpenters, to build him a house.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and timber of cedars, with masons and carpenters, to build him a house.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers unto David, and timber of cedars, with masons and artificers, to build for him a house.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Huram king of Tyre sendeth messengers unto David, and cedar-wood, and artificers of walls, and artificers of wood, to build to him a house.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and masons, and carpenters, to build him a house.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to Dauid, and timber of Cedars, with masons, and carpenters to build him an house.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Huram{gr.Chiram} king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar timbers, and masons, and carpenters, to build a house for him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now Chiram king of Tzor sent messengers to Dawid, and timber of cedars, with masons and carpenters, to build him an house.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now rm חִירָם 2438
{2438} Prime
חִירָם
Chiyram
{khee-rawm'}
Another form of H2361; Chiram or Chirom, the name of two Tyrians.
z8676
<8676> Grammar
Qere Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the kethiv reading rather than the qere.
y2361
[2361] Standard
חוּרָם
Chuwram
{khoo-rawm'}
Probably from H2353; whiteness, that is, noble; Churam, the name of an Israelite and two Syrians.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Xr צוֹר 6865
{6865} Prime
צֹר
Tsor
{tsore}
The same as H6864; a rock; Tsor, a place in Palestine.
sent 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
messengers 4397
{4397} Prime
מַלְאָךְ
mal'ak
{mal-awk'}
From an unused root meaning to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically of God, that is, an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher).
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Dwi דָּוִד, 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
and timber 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
of cedars, 730
{0730} Prime
אֶרֶז
'erez
{eh-rez'}
From H0729; a cedar tree (from the tenacity of its roots).
with masons 7023
{7023} Prime
קִיר
qiyr
{keer}
From H6979; a wall (as built in a trench).
x2796
(2796) Complement
חָרָשׁ
charash
{khaw-rawsh'}
From H2790; a fabricator of any material.
and carpenters, 2796
{2796} Prime
חָרָשׁ
charash
{khaw-rawsh'}
From H2790; a fabricator of any material.
x6086
(6086) Complement
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
to build 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
him an house. 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 14:1

_ _ 1 Chronicles 14:1, 1 Chronicles 14:2. Hiram’s kindness to David; David’s felicity.

_ _ Now Hiram king of Tyre — [See on 2 Samuel 5:11]. The alliance with this neighboring king, and the important advantages derived from it, were among the most fortunate circumstances in David’s reign. The providence of God appeared concurrent with His promise in smoothing the early course of his reign. Having conquered the Jebusites and made Zion the royal residence, he had now, along with internal prosperity, established an advantageous treaty with a neighboring prince; and hence, in immediate connection with the mention of this friendly league, it is said, “David perceived that the Lord had confirmed him king over Israel.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Chronicles 14:1-7

_ _ We may observe here, 1. There is no man that has such a sufficiency in himself but he has need of his neighbours and has reason to be thankful for their help: David had a very large kingdom, Hiram a very little one; yet David could not build himself a house to his mind unless Hiram furnished him with both workmen and materials, 1 Chronicles 14:1. This is a reason why we should despise none, but, as we have opportunity, be obliging to all. 2. It is a great satisfaction to a wise man to be settled, and to a good man to see the special providences of God in his settlement. The people had made David king; but he could not be easy, nor think himself happy, till he perceived that the Lord had confirmed him king over Israel, 1 Chronicles 14:2. “Who shall unfix me if God hath fixed me?” 3. We must look upon all our advancements as designed for our usefulness. David's kingdom was lifted up on high, not for his own sake, that he might look great, but because of his people Israel, that he might be a guide and protector to them. We are blessed in order that we may be blessings. See Genesis 12:2. We are not born, nor do we live, for ourselves. 4. It is difficult to thrive without growing secure and indulgent to the flesh. It was David's infirmity that when he settled in his kingdom he took more wives (1 Chronicles 14:3), yet the numerous issue he had added to his honour and strength. Lo, children are a heritage of the Lord. We had an account of David's children, not only in Samuel, but in this book (1 Chronicles 3:1, etc.) and now here again; for it was their honour to have such a father.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 2961, bc 1043, An, Ex, Is, 448

Hiram:

2 Samuel 5:11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.
2 Samuel 5:12-16 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake. ... And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.
1 Kings 5:1 And Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants unto Solomon; for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father: for Hiram was ever a lover of David.
1 Kings 5:8-12 And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for: [and] I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir. ... And the LORD gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him: and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and they two made a league together.
2 Chronicles 2:11-12 Then Huram the king of Tyre answered in writing, which he sent to Solomon, Because the LORD hath loved his people, he hath made thee king over them. ... Huram said moreover, Blessed [be] the LORD God of Israel, that made heaven and earth, who hath given to David the king a wise son, endued with prudence and understanding, that might build an house for the LORD, and an house for his kingdom.
, Huram

and timber:

1 Chronicles 22:2 And David commanded to gather together the strangers that [were] in the land of Israel; and he set masons to hew wrought stones to build the house of God.
1 Kings 5:6 Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon; and my servants shall be with thy servants: and unto thee will I give hire for thy servants according to all that thou shalt appoint: for thou knowest that [there is] not among us any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians.
1 Kings 5:9-10 My servants shall bring [them] down from Lebanon unto the sea: and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause them to be discharged there, and thou shalt receive [them]: and thou shalt accomplish my desire, in giving food for my household. ... So Hiram gave Solomon cedar trees and fir trees [according to] all his desire.
1 Kings 5:18 And Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders did hew [them], and the stonesquarers: so they prepared timber and stones to build the house.
2 Chronicles 2:3 And Solomon sent to Huram the king of Tyre, saying, As thou didst deal with David my father, and didst send him cedars to build him an house to dwell therein, [even so deal with me].
2 Chronicles 2:8-10 Send me also cedar trees, fir trees, and algum trees, out of Lebanon: for I know that thy servants can skill to cut timber in Lebanon; and, behold, my servants [shall be] with thy servants, ... And, behold, I will give to thy servants, the hewers that cut timber, twenty thousand measures of beaten wheat, and twenty thousand measures of barley, and twenty thousand baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil.
Ezra 3:7 They gave money also unto the masons, and to the carpenters; and meat, and drink, and oil, unto them of Zidon, and to them of Tyre, to bring cedar trees from Lebanon to the sea of Joppa, according to the grant that they had of Cyrus king of Persia.

to build him:

1 Chronicles 17:1 Now it came to pass, as David sat in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, Lo, I dwell in an house of cedars, but the ark of the covenant of the LORD [remaineth] under curtains.
2 Samuel 7:2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
1 Kings 7:1-12 But Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, and he finished all his house. ... And the great court round about [was] with three rows of hewed stones, and a row of cedar beams, both for the inner court of the house of the LORD, and for the porch of the house.
Jeremiah 22:13-15 Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by wrong; [that] useth his neighbour's service without wages, and giveth him not for his work; ... Shalt thou reign, because thou closest [thyself] in cedar? did not thy father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, [and] then [it was] well with him?
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2S 5:11, 12; 7:2. 1K 5:1, 6, 8, 9, 18; 7:1. 1Ch 17:1; 22:2. 2Ch 2:3, 8, 11. Ezr 3:7. Jr 22:13.

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