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1 Chronicles 12:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David to the stronghold in the wilderness, mighty men of valor, men trained for war, that could handle shield and spear; whose faces were like the faces of lions, and they were as swift as the roes upon the mountains;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David into the hold to the wilderness men of might, [and] men of war [fit] for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces [were like] the faces of lions, and [were] as swift as the roes upon the mountains;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— From the Gadites there came over to David in the stronghold in the wilderness, mighty men of valor, men trained for war, who could handle shield and spear, and whose faces were like the faces of lions, and [they were] as swift as the gazelles on the mountains.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And of the Gadites there separated themselves to David in the hold in the wilderness men of might, [and] men of war [fit] for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces [were like] the faces of lions, and [were] as swift as the roes upon the mountains;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And of the Gadites, there separated themselves to David in the stronghold in the wilderness mighty men of valour, men fit for the service of war, armed with shield and spear; whose faces were [like] the faces of lions, and who were swift as the gazelles upon the mountains:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, of the Gadites, there separated themselves unto David, to the stronghold towards the desert, heroes of valour, men of war, for battle, men that could handle shield and spear,—and, faces of lions, were their faces, and, like gazelles upon the mountains, were they, for swiftness:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And of the Gadite there have been separated unto David, to the fortress, to the wilderness, mighty of valour, men of the host for battle, setting in array target and buckler, and their faces the face of the lion, and as roes on the mountains for speed:
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— From Gaddi also there went over to David, when he lay hid in the wilderness most valiant men, and excellent warriors, holding shield and spear: whose faces were like the faces of a lion, and they were swift like the roebucks on the mountains.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And of the Gadites there separated themselues vnto Dauid, into the hold to the wildernesse, men of might, [and] men of warre, fit for the battel, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces [were] like the faces of Lyons, and were as swift as the Roes vpon the mountaines:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And from Gad these separated themselves to David from the wilderness, strong mighty men of war, bearing shields and spears, and their faces [were as] the face of a lion, and they were nimble as roes upon the mountains in speed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And of the Gadim there separated themselves unto Dawid into the hold to the wilderness men of might, [and] men of war [fit] for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces [were like] the faces of lions, and [were] as swift as the roes upon the mountains;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the Gm גָּדִים 1425
{1425} Prime
גָּדִי
Gadiy
{gaw-dee'}
Patronymic from H1410; a Gadite (collectively) or descendant of Gad.
there separated y914
[0914] Standard
בָּדַל
badal
{baw-dal'}
A primitive root; to divide (in various senses literally or figuratively, separate, distinguish, differ, select, etc.).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
themselves x914
(0914) Complement
בָּדַל
badal
{baw-dal'}
A primitive root; to divide (in various senses literally or figuratively, separate, distinguish, differ, select, etc.).
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
into the hold 4679
{4679} Prime
מְצַד
m@tsad
{mets-ad'}
From H6679; a fastness (as a covert of ambush).
to the wilderness 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
men 1368
{1368} Prime
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
of might, 2428
{2428} Prime
חַיִל
chayil
{khah'-yil}
From H2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength.
[and] men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of war 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
[fit] for the battle, 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
that could handle 6186
{6186} Prime
עָרַךְ
`arak
{aw-rak'}
A primitive root; to set in a row, that is, arrange, put in order (in a very wide variety of applications).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
shield 6793
{6793} Prime
צִנָּה
tsinnah
{tsin-naw'}
Feminine of H6791; a hook (as pointed); also a (large) shield (as if guarding by prickliness); also cold (as piercing).
and buckler, 7420
{7420} Prime
רֹמַח
romach
{ro'-makh}
From an unused root meaning to hurl; a lance (as thrown); especially the iron point.
whose faces 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
[were like] the faces 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
of lions, 738
{0738} Prime
אַרִי
'ariy
{ar-ee'}
From H0717 (in the sense of violence); a lion.
and [were] as swift 4116
{4116} Prime
מָהַר
mahar
{maw-har'}
A primitive root; properly to be liquid or flow easily, that is, (by implication); to hurry (in a good or bad sense); often used (with another verb) adverbially promptly.
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
as the roes 6643
{6643} Prime
צְבִי
ts@biy
{tseb-ee'}
From H6638 in the sense of prominence; splendor (as conspicuous); also a gazelle (as beautiful).
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the mountains; 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 12:8-13

_ _ of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David — that is, from the service of Saul and from the rest of the Gadites who remained steadfast adherents of his cause.

_ _ into the hold — or fortress, that is, of Ziklag, which was in the wilderness of Judah.

_ _ whose faces were like the faces of lions, etc. — A fierce, lion-like countenance (2 Samuel 1:23), and great agility in pursuit (2 Samuel 2:18), were qualities of the highest estimation in ancient warfare.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 12:1-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 12:8

And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David into the hold to the wilderness men of might, [and] men of war [fit] for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces [were like] the faces of (c) lions, and [were] as swift as the roes upon the mountains;

(c) Meaning, fierce and terrible.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
into the hold:

1 Chronicles 12:16 And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah to the hold unto David.
1 Chronicles 11:16 And David [was] then in the hold, and the Philistines' garrison [was] then at Bethlehem.
1 Samuel 23:14 And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds, and remained in a mountain in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand.
1 Samuel 23:29 And David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at Engedi.
1 Samuel 24:22 And David sware unto Saul. And Saul went home; but David and his men gat them up unto the hold.

of war:
Heb. of the host

handle:

2 Chronicles 25:5 Moreover Amaziah gathered Judah together, and made them captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, according to the houses of [their] fathers, throughout all Judah and Benjamin: and he numbered them from twenty years old and above, and found them three hundred thousand choice [men, able] to go forth to war, that could handle spear and shield.
Jeremiah 46:9 Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle [and] bend the bow.

whose faces:

1 Chronicles 11:22 Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel, who had done many acts; he slew two lionlike men of Moab: also he went down and slew a lion in a pit in a snowy day.
2 Samuel 1:23 Saul and Jonathan [were] lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.
2 Samuel 17:10 And he also [that is] valiant, whose heart [is] as the heart of a lion, shall utterly melt: for all Israel knoweth that thy father [is] a mighty man, and [they] which [be] with him [are] valiant men.
2 Samuel 23:20 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow:
Proverbs 28:1 The wicked flee when no man pursueth: but the righteous are bold as a lion.

as swift as the roes upon the mountains:
Heb. as the roes upon the mountains to make haste,
2 Samuel 2:18 And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel [was as] light of foot as a wild roe.
Proverbs 6:5 Deliver thyself as a roe from the hand [of the hunter], and as a bird from the hand of the fowler.
Song of Songs 8:14 Make haste, my beloved, and be thou like to a roe or to a young hart upon the mountains of spices.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 23:14, 29; 24:22. 2S 1:23; 2:18; 17:10; 23:20. 1Ch 11:16, 22; 12:16. 2Ch 25:5. Pv 6:5; 28:1. So 8:14. Jr 46:9.

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