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1 Chronicles 12:40 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Moreover they that were nigh unto them, [even] as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, victuals of meal, cakes of figs, and clusters of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep in abundance: for there was joy in Israel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Moreover they that were nigh them, [even] unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, [and] meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for [there was] joy in Israel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Moreover those who were near to them, [even] as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought food on donkeys, camels, mules and on oxen, great quantities of flour cakes, fig cakes and bunches of raisins, wine, oil, oxen and sheep. There was joy indeed in Israel.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Moreover, they that were nigh them, [even] to Issachar, and Zebulun, and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, [and] provision, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for [there was] joy in Israel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and those too that were near them, as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought food on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen; provisions of meal, fig-cakes and raisin-cakes, and wine and oil, and oxen and sheep, abundantly; for there was joy in Israel.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Moreover also, they who were near of kin unto them, as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, were bringing bread, on asses and on camels and on mules and on oxen, meal-food, cakes of figs and cakes of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep—in abundance,—for there was joy Israel.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And also those near unto them, unto Issachar, and Zebulun, and Naphtali, are bringing in bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen—food of fine flour, fig-cakes and grape-cakes, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep, in abundance, for joy [is] in Israel.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Moreover they that were near them even as far as Issachar, and Zabulon, and Nephtali, brought loaves on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, to eat: meal, figs, raisins, wine, oil, and oxen, and sheep in abundance, for there was joy in Israel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Moreouer, they that were nigh them, euen vnto Issachar, and Zebulun, and Naphtali brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, [and] meat, meale, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oyle, and oxen, and sheepe abundantly: for there [was] ioy in Israel.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And their neighbours, as far as Issachar and Zebulun{gr.Zabulon} and Naphtali{gr.Nephthali}, brought to them upon camels, and asses, and mules, and upon calves, victuals, meal, cakes of figs, raisins, wine, and oil, calves and sheep abundantly: for [there was] joy in Israel.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Moreover they that were nigh them, [even] unto Yissaskhar and Zevulun and Naftali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, [and] meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for [there was] joy in Yisrael.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Moreover x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
they that were nigh 7138
{7138} Prime
קָרוֹב
qarowb
{kaw-robe'}
From H7126; near (in place, kindred or time).
x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
them, [even] unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
Yi$$jr יִשָּׂשכָר 3485
{3485} Prime
יִשָּׂשכָר
Yissaskar
{yis-saw-kawr'}
From H5375 and H7939; he will bring a reward; Jissaskar, a son of Jacob.
and Zvln זְבוּלוּן 2074
{2074} Prime
זְבוּלוּן
Z@buwluwn
{zeb-oo-loon'}
From H2082; habitation; Zebulon, a son of Jacob; also his territory and tribe.
and Naftl נַפתָּלִי, 5321
{5321} Prime
נַפְתָּלִי
Naphtaliy
{naf-taw-lee'}
From H6617; my wrestling; Naphtali, a son of Jacob, with the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
brought 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
on asses, 2543
{2543} Prime
חֲמוֹר
chamowr
{kham-ore'}
From H2560; a male ass (from its dun red).
and on camels, 1581
{1581} Prime
גָּמָל
gamal
{gaw-mawl'}
Apparently from H1580 (in the sense of labor or burden bearing).
and on mules, 6505
{6505} Prime
פֶּרֶד
pered
{peh'-red}
From H6504; a mule (perhaps from his lonely habits).
and on oxen, 1241
{1241} Prime
בָּקָר
baqar
{baw-kawr'}
From H1239; a beeve or animal of the ox kind of either gender (as used for ploughing); collectively a herd.
[and] meat, 3978
{3978} Prime
מַאֲכָל
ma'akal
{mah-ak-awl'}
From H0398; an eatable (including provender, flesh and fruit).
meal, 7058
{7058} Prime
קֶמַח
qemach
{keh'-makh}
From an unused root probably meaning to grind; flour.
cakes y1690
[1690] Standard
דְּבֵלָה
d@belah
{deb-ay-law'}
From an unused root (akin to H2082) probably meaning to press together; a cake of pressed figs.
of figs, x1690
(1690) Complement
דְּבֵלָה
d@belah
{deb-ay-law'}
From an unused root (akin to H2082) probably meaning to press together; a cake of pressed figs.
and bunches of raisins, 6778
{6778} Prime
צִמּוּק
tsammuwq
{tsam-mook'}
From H6784; a cake of dried grapes.
and wine, 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
and oil, 8081
{8081} Prime
שֶׁמֶן
shemen
{sheh'-men}
From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness.
and oxen, 1241
{1241} Prime
בָּקָר
baqar
{baw-kawr'}
From H1239; a beeve or animal of the ox kind of either gender (as used for ploughing); collectively a herd.
and sheep 6629
{6629} Prime
צֹאן
tso'n
{tsone}
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
abundantly: 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
[there was] joy 8057
{8057} Prime
שִׂמְחָה
simchah
{sim-khaw'}
From H8056; blithesomeness or glee, (religious or festival).
in Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל. 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 12:39-40.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 12:23-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
brought:
The Septuagint reads εφερον αυτιος, "brought (to) them" which is probably correct; the Hebrew lahem, "to them" might be easily mistaken for lechem, "bread." The passage will then read, "bought them on asses, on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, meat, meal, cakes of figs," etc., which renders the introduction of and unnecessary. From the mention of oil, figs, and raisins, Mr. Harmer thinks that this assembly was held in autumn.
2 Samuel 16:1 And when David was a little past the top [of the hill], behold, Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth met him, with a couple of asses saddled, and upon them two hundred [loaves] of bread, and an hundred bunches of raisins, and an hundred of summer fruits, and a bottle of wine.
2 Samuel 17:27-29 And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim, ... And honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of kine, for David, and for the people that [were] with him, to eat: for they said, The people [is] hungry, and weary, and thirsty, in the wilderness.

meat, meal:
or, victual of meal

cakes of figs:

1 Samuel 25:18 Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched [corn], and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid [them] on asses.

there was joy:

1 Kings 1:40 And all the people came up after him, and the people piped with pipes, and rejoiced with great joy, so that the earth rent with the sound of them.
2 Kings 11:20 And all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was in quiet: and they slew Athaliah with the sword [beside] the king's house.
Proverbs 11:10 When it goeth well with the righteous, the city rejoiceth: and when the wicked perish, [there is] shouting.
Proverbs 29:2 When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.
Jeremiah 23:5-6 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. ... In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Luke 19:37-38 And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen; ... Saying, Blessed [be] the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.
Revelation 19:5-7 And a voice came out of the throne, saying, Praise our God, all ye his servants, and ye that fear him, both small and great. ... Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 25:18. 2S 16:1; 17:27. 1K 1:40. 2K 11:20. Pv 11:10; 29:2. Jr 23:5. Lk 19:37. Rv 19:5.

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