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1 Chronicles 12:39 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they were there with David three days, eating and drinking; for their brethren had made preparation for them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They were there with David three days, eating and drinking, for their kinsmen had prepared for them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking; for their brethren had prepared for them;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So they were there, with David, three days, eating and drinking,—for their brethren had made preparation for them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they are there, with David, three days, eating and drinking, for their brethren have prepared for them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they were there with David three days eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And there they were with Dauid three dayes, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they were there three days eating and drinking, for their brethren [had] made preparations.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And there they were with Dawid three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And there x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
they were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
three 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
days, 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
eating 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and drinking: 8354
{8354} Prime
שָׁתָה
shathah
{shaw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
their brethren 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
had prepared 3559
{3559} Prime
כּוּן
kuwn
{koon}
A primitive root; properly to be erect (that is, stand perpendicular);. hence (causatively) to set up, in a great variety of applications, whether literal (establish, fix, prepare, apply), or figurative (appoint, render sure, proper or prosperous).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
for them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 12:39-40

_ _ there they were with David three days, eating and drinking — According to the statements made in the preceding verses, the number of armed warriors assembled in Hebron on this occasion amounted to three hundred thousand. Supplies of provisions were abundantly furnished, not only by the people of the neighborhood, but from distant parts of the country, for all wished the festivities to be on a scale of liberality and magnificence suitable to the auspicious occasion.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 12:23-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 12:39

And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for their (n) brethren had prepared for them.

(n) The rest of the Israelites.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
eating and drinking:

Genesis 26:30 And he made them a feast, and they did eat and drink.
Genesis 31:54 Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon the mount, and called his brethren to eat bread: and they did eat bread, and tarried all night in the mount.
2 Samuel 6:19 And he dealt among all the people, [even] among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece [of flesh], and a flagon [of wine]. So all the people departed every one to his house.
2 Samuel 19:42 And all the men of Judah answered the men of Israel, Because the king [is] near of kin to us: wherefore then be ye angry for this matter? have we eaten at all of the king's [cost]? or hath he given us any gift?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 26:30; 31:54. 2S 6:19; 19:42.

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