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1 Chronicles 12:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And these are the numbers of the heads of them that were armed for war, who came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And these [are] the numbers of the bands [that were] ready armed to the war, [and] came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now these are the numbers of the divisions equipped for war, who came to David at Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And these [are] the numbers of the bands [that were] ready armed to the war, [and] came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And this is the number of the men equipped for military service, who came to David to Hebron, to transfer the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, these, are the numbers of the chiefs armed for war, they came unto David, to Hebron,—to turn round the kingdom of Saul unto him, according to the bidding of Yahweh:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And these [are] the numbers of the head, of the armed men of the host; they have come in unto David to Hebron to turn round the kingdom of Saul unto him, according to the mouth of Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And this is the number of the chiefs of the army who came to David, when he was in Hebron, to transfer to him the kingdom of Saul, according to the word of the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And these are the numbers of the bands, [that] were ready armed to the warre, and came to Dauid to Hebron, to turne the kingdome of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And these [are] the names of the commanders of the army, who came to David to Hebron{gr.Chebron}, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him according to the word of the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And these [are] the numbers of the bands [that were] ready armed to the war, [and] came to Dawid to Chevron, to turn the kingdom of Shaul to him, according to the word of Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And these x428
(0428) Complement
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[are] the numbers 4557
{4557} Prime
From H5608; a number, definitely (arithmetical) or indefinitely (large, innumerable; small, a few); also (abstractly) narration.
of the bands 7218
{7218} Prime
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
[that were] ready armed 2502
{2502} Prime
A primitive root; to pull off; hence (intensively) to strip, (reflexively) to depart; by implication to deliver, equip (for fight); present, strengthen.
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
to the war, 6635
{6635} Prime
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
[and] came 935
{0935} Prime
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
to evrn חֶברוֹן, 2275
{2275} Prime
From H2267; seat of association; Chebron, a place in Palestine, also the name of two Israelites.
to turn 5437
{5437} Prime
A primitive root; to revolve, surround or border; used in various applications, literally and figuratively.
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
the kingdom 4438
{4438} Prime
From H4427; a rule; concretely a dominion.
of l שָׁאוּל 7586
{7586} Prime
Passive participle of H7592; asked; Shaul, the name of an Edomite and two Israelites.
to x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
him, according to the word 6310
{6310} Prime
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
of Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 12:23

_ _ 1 Chronicles 12:23-40. The armies that came to him at Hebron.

_ _ these are the numbers of the bands ... that came to David to Hebron — after the death of Ish-bosheth (see on 2 Samuel 5:1).

_ _ to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the Lord — (1 Chronicles 10:14; 1 Chronicles 11:3, 1 Chronicles 11:10). The account commences with the southern tribes, Levi being associated with Judah and Simeon, as the great majority of the leading men in this tribe resided in Judah; and, after recounting the representatives of the northern tribes, it concludes with those on the east of Jordan.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Chronicles 12:23-40

_ _ We have here an account of those who were active in perfecting the settlement of David upon the throne, after the death of Ishbosheth. We read (1 Chronicles 11:1, and before 2 Samuel 5:1) that all the tribes of Israel came, either themselves or by their representatives, to Hebron, to make David king; now here we have an account of the quota which every tribe brought in ready armed to the war, in case there should be any opposition, 1 Chronicles 12:23. We may observe here,

_ _ I. That those tribes that lived nearest brought the fewest — Judah but 6800 (1 Chronicles 12:24), Simeon but 7100 (1 Chronicles 12:25); whereas Zebulun, that lay remote, brought 50,000, Asher 40,000, and the two tribes and a half on the other side Jordan 120,000. Not as if the next adjacent tribes were cold in the cause; but they showed as much of their prudence in bringing few, since all the rest lay so near within call, as the others did of their zeal in bringing so many. The men of Judah had enough to do to entertain those that came from afar.

_ _ II. The Levites themselves, and the priests (called here the Aaronites), appeared very hearty in this cause, and were ready, if there were occasion, to fight for David, as well as pray for him, because they knew he was called of God to the government, 1 Chronicles 12:26-28.

_ _ III. Even some of the kindred of Saul came over to David (1 Chronicles 12:29), not so many as of the other tribes, because a foolish affection for their own tribe, and a jealousy for the honour of it, kept many of them long in the sinking interest of Saul's family. Kindred should never over-rule conscience. Call no man Father to this extent, but God only.

_ _ IV. It is said of most of these that they were mighty men of valour (1 Chronicles 12:25, 1 Chronicles 12:28, 1 Chronicles 12:30), of others that they were expert in war (1 Chronicles 12:35, 1 Chronicles 12:36), and of them all that they could keep rank, 1 Chronicles 12:38. They had a great deal of martial fire, and yet were governable and subject to the rules of order — warm hearts but cool heads.

_ _ V. Some were so considerate as to bring with them arms, and all instruments for war (1 Chronicles 12:24, 1 Chronicles 12:33, 1 Chronicles 12:37), for how could they think that David should be able to furnish them?

_ _ VI. The men of Issachar were the fewest af all, only 200, and yet as serviceable to David's interest as those that brought in the greatest numbers, these few being in effect the whole tribe. For, 1. They were men of great skill above any of their neighbours, men that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do. They understood the natural times, could discern the face of the sky, were weather-wise, could advise their neighbours in the proper times for ploughing, sowing reaping, etc. Or the ceremonial times, the times appointed for the solemn feasts; therefore they are said to call the people to the mountain (Deuteronomy 33:19), for almanacs were not then so common as now. Or, rather, the political times; they understood public affairs, the temper of the nation, and the tendencies of the present events. It is the periphrasis of statesmen that they know the times, Esth. 1. 13. Those of that tribe were greatly intent on public affairs, had good intelligence from abroad and made a good use of it. They knew what Israel ought to do: from their observation and experience they learned both their own and others' duty and interest. In this critical juncture they knew Israel ought to make David king. It was not only expedient, but necessary; the present posture of affairs called for it. The men of Issachar dealt mostly in country business, and did not much intermeddle in public affairs, which gave them an opportunity of observing others and conversing with themselves. A stander-by sees sometimes more than a gamester. 2. They were men of great interests; for all their brethren were at their commandment. The commonality of that tribe having bowed their shoulder to bear (Genesis 49:15), the great men had them at their beck. Hence we read of the princes of Issachar, Judges 5:15. They knew how to rule, and the rest knew how to obey. It is happy indeed when those that should lead are intelligent and judicious, and those who are to follow are modest and obsequious.

_ _ VII. It is said of them all that they engaged in this enterprise with a perfect heart (1 Chronicles 12:38), and particularly of the men of Zebulun that they were not of double heart, 1 Chronicles 12:33. They were, in this matter, Israelites indeed, in whom was no guile. And this was their perfection, that they were of one heart, 1 Chronicles 12:38. None had any separate interests, but all for the public good.

_ _ VIII. The men of Judah, and others of the adjacent tribes, prepared for the victualling of their respective camps when they came to Hebron, 1 Chronicles 12:39, 1 Chronicles 12:40. Those that were at the least pains in travelling to this convention, or congress of states, thought themselves obliged to be at so much the more charge in entertaining the rest, that there might be something of an equality. A noble feast was made (was made for laughter, Ecclesiastes 10:19) upon this occasion, for there was joy in Israel, 1 Chronicles 12:40. And good reason; for when the righteous bear rule the city rejoices. Thus, when the throne of Christ is set up in a soul, there is, or ought to be, great joy in that soul: and provision is made for the feasting of it, not as here for two or three days, but for the whole life, nay, for eternity.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 2956, bc 1048, An, Ex, Is, 433

the numbers:

1 Chronicles 11:1-3 Then all Israel gathered themselves to David unto Hebron, saying, Behold, we [are] thy bone and thy flesh. ... Therefore came all the elders of Israel to the king to Hebron; and David made a covenant with them in Hebron before the LORD; and they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD by Samuel.
2 Samuel 2:3-4 And his men that [were] with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron. ... And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, [That] the men of Jabeshgilead [were they] that buried Saul.
2 Samuel 5:1-3 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we [are] thy bone and thy flesh. ... So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.

or, captains, or men, Heb. heads

came to David:
Some learned men understand this as relating to the time when David was make king over Judah, on his first coming to Hebron, but it seems wholly to refer to his being made king over all Israel, after the death of Ishbosheth; for there was no such union or assembly of the several tribes on the former occasion, as is here described.

to turn:

1 Chronicles 10:14 And enquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.


1 Chronicles 11:10 These also [are] the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom, [and] with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel.
1 Samuel 16:1 And the LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons.
1 Samuel 16:3 And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will shew thee what thou shalt do: and thou shalt anoint unto me [him] whom I name unto thee.
1 Samuel 16:12-13 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he [was] ruddy, [and] withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD said, Arise, anoint him: for this [is] he. ... Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.
2 Samuel 3:18 Now then do [it]: for the LORD hath spoken of David, saying, By the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of all their enemies.
Psalms 2:6 Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.
Psalms 89:19-20 Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon [one that is] mighty; I have exalted [one] chosen out of the people. ... I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:
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1S 16:1, 3, 12. 2S 2:3; 3:18; 5:1. 1Ch 10:14; 11:1, 10. Ps 2:6; 89:19.

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