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1 Chronicles 12:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands that were of Manasseh.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that [were] of Manasseh.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— As he went to Ziklag there defected to him from Manasseh: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu and Zillethai, captains of thousands who belonged to Manasseh.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And as he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that [were] of Manasseh.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— As he went away to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh: Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— When he went into Ziklag, there fell away unto him, of Manasseh, Adnah and Jozabad, and Jediael and Michael and Jozabad, and Elihu and Zillethai,—chiefs of the thousands that pertained to Manasseh;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In his going unto Ziglag there have fallen unto him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillthai, heads of the thousands that [are] of Manasseh;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— So when he went back to Siceleg, there fled to him of Manasses, Ednas and Jozabad, and Jedihel, and Michael, and Ednas, and Jozabad, and Eliu, and Salathi, captains of thousands in Manasses.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Iozabad, and Iediel, and Michael, and Iozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captaines of the thousands that [were] of Manasseh.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— When David was going to Sikelag, there came to him of Manasseh{gr.Manasse}, Edna and Jozabath, and Rodiel, and Michael, and Josabaith, and Elimuth, and Semathi: [these] are the captains of thousands of Manasseh{gr.Manasse}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— As he went to Tziqlag, there fell to him of Menashsheh, Adnach, and Yozavad, and Yediael, and Mikhael, and Yozavad, and Elihu, and Tzillethay, captains of the thousands that [were] of Menashsheh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
As he went y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Xklaq צִיקלַג, 6860
{6860} Prime
צִקְלַג
Tsiqlag
{tsik-lag'}
Of uncertain derivation; Tsiklag or Tsikelag, a place in Palestine.
there fell 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him of Mna מְנַשֶּׁה, 4519
{4519} Prime
מְנַשֶּׁה
M@nashsheh
{men-ash-sheh'}
From H5382; causing to forget; Menashsheh, a grandson of jacob, also the tribe descendant from him, and its territory.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
`Ana עַדנַח, 5734
{5734} Prime
עַדְנָה
`Adnah
{ad-naw'}
From H5727; pleasure; Adnah, the name of two Israelites.
and Yzv יוֹזָבָד, 3107
{3107} Prime
יוֹזָבָד
Yowzabad
{yo-zaw-bawd'}
A form of H3075; Jozabad, the name of ten Israelites.
and Y`l יְדִיעֲאֵל, 3043
{3043} Prime
יְדִיעֲאֵל
Y@diy`a'el
{yed-ee-ah-ale'}
From H3045 and H0410; knowing God; Jediael, the name of three Israelites.
and Ml מִיכָאֵל, 4317
{4317} Prime
מִיכָאֵל
Miyka'el
{me-kaw-ale'}
From H4310 and (the prefixed derivation from) H3588 and H0410; who (is) like God?; Mikael, the name of an archangel and of nine Israelites.
and Yzv יוֹזָבָד, 3107
{3107} Prime
יוֹזָבָד
Yowzabad
{yo-zaw-bawd'}
A form of H3075; Jozabad, the name of ten Israelites.
and lh אֱלִיהוּא, 453
{0453} Prime
אֱלִיהוּ
'Eliyhuw
{el-ee-hoo'}
From H0410 and H1931; God of him; Elihu, the name of one of Job's friends, and of three Israelites.
and Xillay צִלְּתַי, 6769
{6769} Prime
צִלְּתַי
Tsill@thay
{tsil-leth-ah'-ee}
From the feminine of H6738; shady; Tsillethai, the anme of two Israelites.
captains 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
of the thousands 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[were] of Mna מְנַשֶּׁה. 4519
{4519} Prime
מְנַשֶּׁה
M@nashsheh
{men-ash-sheh'}
From H5382; causing to forget; Menashsheh, a grandson of jacob, also the tribe descendant from him, and its territory.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 12:19-22.


1 Chronicles 12:20

_ _ As he went to Ziklag — If those Manassites joined him on his return to Ziklag, after his dismissal from the Philistine army, then their arrival took place before the battle of Gilboa could have been fought (compare 1 Samuel 29:11). Convinced of the desperate state of Saul’s affairs, they abandoned him, and resolved to transfer their allegiance to David. But some learned men think that they came as fugitives from that disastrous field [Calmet and Ewald].

_ _ captains of the thousands ... of Manasseh — Those seven were commanders of the large military divisions of their tribe.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 12:1-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 12:20

As — As he returned from the camp of the Philistines to Ziklag.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
As he went:
These captains of Manasseh seem to have met David as he was returning from the army of the Philistines to Ziklag. It is probable that they did not bring their companies with them; yet they both assured him of future assistance, and very seasonably helped him against the Amalekites who had spoiled Ziklag.
1 Samuel 29:11 So David and his men rose up early to depart in the morning, to return into the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel.

captains:

Exodus 18:21 Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place [such] over them, [to be] rulers of thousands, [and] rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:
Deuteronomy 1:15 So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made them heads over you, captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, and captains over fifties, and captains over tens, and officers among your tribes.
Deuteronomy 33:17 His glory [is like] the firstling of his bullock, and his horns [are like] the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they [are] the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they [are] the thousands of Manasseh.
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Ex 18:21. Dt 1:15; 33:17. 1S 29:11.

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