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1 Chronicles 12:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They were armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in slinging stones and in shooting arrows from the bow: they were of Saul's brethren of Benjamin.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [They were] armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in [hurling] stones and [shooting] arrows out of a bow, [even] of Saul's brethren of Benjamin.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They were equipped with bows, using both the right hand and the left [to sling] stones and [to shoot] arrows from the bow; [they were] Saul’s kinsmen from Benjamin.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [They were] armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in [hurling] stones, and [shooting] arrows from a bow, [even] of Saul's brethren of Benjamin.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— armed with bows, using both the right hand and the left with stones and with arrows on the bow; [they were] of Saul's brethren of Benjamin:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— armed with the bow, using right hand or left with stones, and with arrows in the bow,—of the brethren of Saul, out of Benjamin:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— armed with bow, right and left handed, with stones, and with arrows, with bows, of the brethren of Saul, of Benjamin.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Bending the bow, and using either hand in hurling stones with slings, and shooting arrows: of the brethren of Saul of Benjamin.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They were armed with bowes, and could vse both the right hand and the left, in [hurling] stones, and [shooting] arrowes out of a bow, [euen] of Sauls brethren of Beniamin.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and [using] the bow with the right hand and with the left, and slingers with stones, and [shooters] with bows. Of the brethren of Saul of Benjamin,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [They were] armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in [hurling] stones and [shooting] arrows out of a bow, [even] of Shaul's brethren of Binyamin.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[They were] armed 5401
{5401} Prime
נָשַׁק
nashaq
{naw-shak'}
A primitive root (identical with H5400, through the idea of fastening up; compare H2388 and H2836); to kiss, literally or figuratively (touch); also (as a mode of attachment), to equip with weapons.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
with bows, 7198
{7198} Prime
קֶשֶׁת
qesheth
{keh'-sheth}
From H7185 in the original sense (of H6983) of bending; a bow, for shooting (hence figuratively strength) or the iris.
and could use both the right hand 3231
{3231} Prime
יָמַן
yaman
{yaw-man'}
A primitive root; to be (physically) right (that is, firm); but used only as denominative from H3225 and transitively, to be right handed or take the right hand side.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
and the left 8041
{8041} Prime
שׂמאל
sama'l
{saw-mal'}
A primitive root (rather denominative from H8040); to use the left hand or pass in that direction.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
in [hurling] stones 68
{0068} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
and [shooting] arrows 2671
{2671} Prime
חֵץ
chets
{khayts}
From H2686; properly a piercer, that is, an arrow; by implication a wound; figuratively (of God) thunder bolt; (by interchange for H6086) the shaft of a spear.
out of a bow, 7198
{7198} Prime
קֶשֶׁת
qesheth
{keh'-sheth}
From H7185 in the original sense (of H6983) of bending; a bow, for shooting (hence figuratively strength) or the iris.
[even] of l's שָׁאוּל y7586
[7586] Standard
שָׁאוּל
Sha'uwl
{shaw-ool'}
Passive participle of H7592; asked; Shaul, the name of an Edomite and two Israelites.
brethren 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x7586
(7586) Complement
שָׁאוּל
Sha'uwl
{shaw-ool'}
Passive participle of H7592; asked; Shaul, the name of an Edomite and two Israelites.
of Binymn בִּניָמִין. 1144
{1144} Prime
בִּנְיָמִן
Binyamiyn
{bin-yaw-mene'}
From H1121 and H3225; son of (the) right hand; Binjamin, youngest son of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 12:1-7.


1 Chronicles 12:2

_ _ of Saul’s brethren of Benjamin — that is, of the tribe of Benjamin (compare 1 Chronicles 12:29), but some of them might be relatives of the king. This movement to which the parties were led, doubtless by the secret impulse of the Spirit, was of vast importance to the cause of David, as it must have been founded on their observation of the evident withdrawal of God’s blessing from Saul, and His favoring presence with David, to whom it was universally known the Divine King of Israel had given the crown in reversion. The accession of the Benjamites who came first and their resolution to share his fortunes must have been particularly grateful to David. It was a public and emphatic testimony by those who had enjoyed the best means of information to the unblemished excellence of his character, as well as a decided protest against the grievous wrong inflicted by causelessly outlawing a man who had rendered such eminent services to his country.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 12:1-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 12:2

Even — Of Saul's own tribe: who were moved hereto by God's spirit, by the conscience of their duty to David; and by their observation of God's departure from Saul, and of his special presence with David.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 12:2

[They were] armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in [hurling] stones and [shooting] arrows out of a bow, [even] of Saul's (b) brethren of Benjamin.

(b) That is, of the tribe of Benjamin, of which Saul was, and in which were excellent throwers with slings, (Judges 20:16).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
could use:

Judges 3:15 But when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised them up a deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, a Benjamite, a man lefthanded: and by him the children of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the king of Moab.
Judges 20:16 Among all this people [there were] seven hundred chosen men lefthanded; every one could sling stones at an hair [breadth], and not miss.

in hurling:

1 Samuel 17:49 And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang [it], and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth.
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Jg 3:15; 20:16. 1S 17:49.

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