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1 Chronicles 11:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He was with David at Pasdammim, and there the Philistines were gathered together to battle, where was a plot of ground full of barley; and the people fled from before the Philistines.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He was with David at Pasdammim, and there the Philistines were gathered together to battle, where was a parcel of ground full of barley; and the people fled from before the Philistines.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He was with David at Pasdammim when the Philistines were gathered together there to battle, and there was a plot of ground full of barley; and the people fled before the Philistines.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He was with David at Pas-dammim, and there the Philistines were gathered to battle, where was a parcel of ground full of barley; and the people fled from before the Philistines.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He was with David at Pas-dammim, where the Philistines were gathered together to battle; and there was [there] a plot of ground full of barley; and the people had fled from before the Philistines.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— he, was with David in Pas-dammim, where, the Philistines, were gathered together to battle, and there was a field-plot full of barley,—and, the people, fled, from before the Philistines;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— he hath been with David in Pas-Dammim, and the Philistines have been gathered there to battle, and a portion of the field is full of barley, and the people have fled from the face of the Philistines,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He was with David in Phesdomim, when the Philistines were gathered to that place to battle: and the field of that country was full of barley, and the people fled from before the Philistines.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He was with Dauid at Pasdammim; and there the Philistines were gathered together to battell, where was a parcell of ground full of barley, and the people fled from before the Philistines.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He was with David in Phasodamin, and the Philistines were gathered there to battle, and [there was] a portion of the field full of barley; and the people fled before the Philistines.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He was with Dawid at Pas Dammim, and there the Pelishtim were gathered together to battle, where was a parcel of ground full of barley; and the people fled from before the Pelishtim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
at Pas Dammm פַּס־דַּמִּים, 6450
{6450} Prime
פַּס דַּמִּים
Pac Dammiym
{pas dam-meem'}
From H6446 and the plural of H1818; palm (that is, dell) of bloodshed; Pas-Dammim, a place in Palestine.
and there x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
the Plitm פְּלִשׁתִּים 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
were gathered together 622
{0622} Prime
אסף
'acaph
{aw-saf'}
A primitive root; to gather for any purpose; hence to receive, take away, that is, remove (destroy, leave behind, put up, restore, etc.).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
to battle, 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
where was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a parcel 2513
{2513} Prime
חֶלְקָה
chelqah
{khel-kaw'}
Feminine of H2506; properly smoothness; figuratively flattery; also an allotment.
of ground 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
full 4392
{4392} Prime
מָלֵא
male'
{maw-lay'}
From H4390; full (literally or figuratively) or filling (literally); also (concretely) fulness; adverbially fully.
of barley; 8184
{8184} Prime
שְׂעֹרָה
s@`orah
{seh-o-raw'}
(The feminine form meaning the plant and the masculine form meaning the grain (second form)); from H8175 in the sense of roughness; barley (as villose).
and the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
fled 5127
{5127} Prime
נוּס
nuwc
{noos}
A primitive root; to flit, that is, vanish away (subside, escape; causatively chase, impel, deliver).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the Plitm פְּלִשׁתִּים. 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 11:11-13.


1 Chronicles 11:13

_ _ He was with David at Pas-dammim — It was at the time when he was a fugitive in the wilderness, and, parched with thirst under the burning heat of noonday, he wistfully thought of the cool fountain of his native village [2 Samuel 23:15; 1 Chronicles 11:17]. This is a notice of the achievement, to which Eleazar owed his fame, but the details are found only in 2 Samuel 23:9-11, where it is further said that he was aided by the valor of Shammah, a fact corroborated in the passage before us (1 Chronicles 11:14), where it is recorded of the heroes, that “they set themselves in the midst of that parcel.” As the singular number is used in speaking of Shammah (2 Samuel 23:12), the true view seems to be that when Eleazar had given up from exhaustion, Shammah succeeded, and by his fresh and extraordinary prowess preserved the field.

_ _ barley — or lentils (2 Samuel 23:11). Ephes-dammim was situated between Shocoh and Azekah, in the west of the Judahite territory. These feats were performed when David acted as Saul’s general against the Philistines.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Chronicles 11:10-47.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Pasdammim:
Ephes-dammim is here called Pas-dammim, by apheresis.
1 Samuel 17:1 Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which [belongeth] to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim.
, Ephes-dammim

a parcel:
In Samuel it is, "a piece of ground full of lentiles;" and there is probably a mistake of seorim, "barley," for adashim, "lentiles," or vice-versa. Some, however, think there were both lentiles and barley in the field, which is not unlikely.
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