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1 Chronicles 1:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Adam, Seth, Enosh,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Adam, Sheth, Enosh,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Adam, Seth, Enosh,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Adam, Sheth, Enosh,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Adam, Seth, Enosh,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Adam, Seth, Enosh:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Adam, Sheth, Enosh,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Adam, Seth, Enos,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Adam, Sheth, Enosh,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Adam, Seth, Enos,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Adam, Sheth, Enosh,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
m אָדָם, 121
{0121} Prime
אָדָם
'Adam
{aw-dawm'}
The same as H0120; Adam, the name of the first man, also of a place in Palestine.
שֵׁת, 8352
{8352} Prime
שֵׁת
Sheth
{shayth}
From H7896; put, that is, substituted; Sheth, third son of Adam.
n אֱנוֹשׁ, 583
{0583} Prime
אֱנוֹשׁ
'Enowsh
{en-ohsh'}
The same as H0582; Enosh, a son of Seth.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Chronicles 1:1

_ _ 1 Chronicles 1:1-23. Adam’s line to Noah.

_ _ Adam, etc. — “Begat” must be understood. Only that one member of the family is mentioned, who came in the direct order of succession.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Chronicles 1:1-27

_ _ This paragraph has Adam for its first word and Abraham for its last. Between the creation of the former and the birth of the latter were 2000 years, almost the one-half of which time Adam himself lived. Adam was the common father of our flesh, Abraham the common father of the faithful. By the breach which the former made of the covenant of innocency, we were all made miserable; by the covenant of grace made with the latter, we all are, or may be, made happy. We all are, by nature, the seed of Adam, branches of that wild olive. Let us see to it that, by faith, we become the seed of Abraham (Romans 4:11, Romans 4:12), that we be grafted into the good olive and partake of its root and fatness.

_ _ I. The first four verses of this paragraph, and the last four, which are linked together by Shem (1 Chronicles 1:4, 1 Chronicles 1:24), contain the sacred line of Christ from Adam to Abraham, and are inserted in his pedigree, Luke 3:34-38, the order ascending as here it descends. This genealogy proves the falsehood of that reproach, As for this man, we know not whence he is. Bishop Patrick well observes here that, a genealogy being to be drawn of the families of the Jews, this appears as the peculiar glory of the Jewish nation, that they alone were able to derive their pedigree from the first man that God created, which no other nation pretended to, but abused themselves and their posterity with fabulous accounts of their originals, the Arcadians fancying that they were before the moon, the people of Thessaly that they sprang from stones, the Athenians that they grew out of the earth, much like the vain imaginations which some of the philosophers had of the origin of the universe. The account which the holy scripture gives both of the creation of the world and of the rise of nations carries with it as clear evidences of its own truth as those idle traditions do of their own vanity and falsehood.

_ _ II. All the verses between repeat the account of the replenishing of the earth by the sons of Noah after the flood. 1. The historian begins with those who were strangers to the church, the sons of Japhet, who were planted in the isles of the Gentiles, those western parts of the world, the countries of Europe. Of these he gives a short account (1 Chronicles 1:5-7), because with these the Jews had hitherto had little or no dealings. 2. He proceeds to those who had many of them been enemies to the church, the sons of Ham, who moved southward towards Africa and those parts of Asia which lay that way. Nimrod the son of Cush began to be an oppressor, probably to the people of God in his time. But Mizraim, from whom came the Egyptians, and Canaan, from whom came the Canaanites, are both of them names of great note in the Jewish story; for with their descendants the Israel of God had severe struggles to get out of the land of Egypt and into the land of Canaan; and therefore the branches of Mizraim are particularly recorded (1 Chronicles 1:11, 1 Chronicles 1:12), and of Canaan, 1 Chronicles 1:13-16. See at what a rate God valued Israel when he gave Egypt for their ransom (Isaiah 43:3), and cast out all these nations before them, Psalms 80:8. 3. He then gives an account of those that were the ancestors and allies of the church, the posterity of Shem, 1 Chronicles 1:17-23. These peopled Asia, and spread themselves eastward. The Assyrians, Syrians, Chaldeans, Persians, and Arabians, descended from these. At first the originals of the respective nations were known; but at this day, we have reason to think, the nations are so mingled with one another, by the enlargement of commerce and dominion, the transplanting of colonies, the carrying away of captives, and many other circumstances, that no one nation, no, nor the greatest part of any, is descended entire from any one of these fountains. Only this we are sure of, that God has created of one blood all nations of men; they have all descended from one Adam, one Noah. Have we not all one father? Has not one God created us? Malachi 2:10. Our register hastens to the line of Abraham, breaking off abruptly from all the other families of the sons of Noah but that of Arphaxad, from whom Christ was to come. The great promise of the Messiah (says bishop Patrick) was translated from Adam to Seth, from him to Shem, from him to Eber, and so to the Hebrew nation, who were entrusted, above all nations, with that sacred treasure, till the promise was performed and the Messiah had come, and then that nation was made not a people.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Chronicles 1:1

Sheth — Adam begat Sheth: and so in the following particulars. For brevity sake he only mentions their names; but the rest is easily understood out of the former books. This appears as the peculiar glory of the Jewish nation, that they alone were able to trace their pedigree from the first man that God created, which no other nation pretended to, but abused themselves and their posterity with fabulous accounts of their originals: the people of Thessaly fancying that they sprang from stones, the Athenians, that they grew out of the earth.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Chronicles 1:1

Adam, (a) Sheth, Enosh,

The Argument — The laws comprehend both these books in one, which the Grecians because of the length, divide into two: and they are called Chronicles, because they note briefly the history from Adam to the return from their captivity in Babylon. But these are not the books of Chronicles which are mentioned in the books of the kings of Judah and Israel, which set forth the story of both kingdoms, and later perished in the captivity, but an abridgement of the same, and were gathered by Ezra, as the Jews write after their return from Babylon. This first book contains a brief rehearsal of the children of Adam to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and the twelve patriarchs, chiefly of Judah, and the reign of David, because Christ came from him according to the flesh. Therefore it sets forth more amply his acts both concerning civil government, and also the administration and care of things concerning religion, for the good success of which he rejoices and gives thanks to the Lord.

(a) Meaning, that Seth was Adam's son, and Enoch was Seth's son.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Sheth:

Genesis 4:25-26 And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, [said she], hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew. ... And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the LORD.
Genesis 5:3 And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat [a son] in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth:
Genesis 5:8 And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years: and he died.
Luke 3:38 Which was [the son] of Enos, which was [the son] of Seth, which was [the son] of Adam, which was [the son] of God.
, Seth

Enosh:

Genesis 5:9-11 And Enos lived ninety years, and begat Cainan: ... And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years: and he died.
Luke 3:38 Which was [the son] of Enos, which was [the son] of Seth, which was [the son] of Adam, which was [the son] of God.
, Enos
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Gn 4:25; 5:3, 8, 9. Lk 3:38.

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